"Stalin's Bunker" - colloquial name of a defensive structure in Samara, created as a backup location Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the USSR Stalin. Is located at a depth of 37 m. Built in 1942, declassified in 1990.
The object is located under the building of the Academy of contemporary art and culture, which previously housed the Kuibyshev Regional Committee. To the right of the main staircase in the lobby of the Regional Party Committee was inconspicuous door, near which the clock duty officer of the NKVD. Immediately after her iron leaf behind which was one of the main secrets of the time. Also, there is an entrance from the courtyard through which we entered.
Stalin's bunker in Samara - the most powerful of the now declassified bunkers. Its depth - 37 meters, the height of a 12-storey building. For comparison, the depth of Hitler's bunker in Berlin is 16 meters, with Churchill in London shelter was located at a depth of only two floors, Roosevelt - also in two. Analogues of such construction was not there, especially if we take into account the time. Giant "hole" was excavated in less than 9 months of continuous work around the clock. In the bunker was an autonomous system of air regeneration and its power. By the way, all this is still in working condition. Hopper to the present day preserve the integrity and is designed for full autonomy for five days. The once-secret dungeon is a multi-storey building, equipped with elevators. On the ground floor there is a conference room for 115 people. Next - Lounge, designed to Stalin. On the upper floors - rooms for security guards, warehouse, service and technical support. Bunker could withstand a direct hit by the biggest aviation bombs that time - above all this structure in situ concrete three meters thick, sand layer and one meter concrete "mattress".
Scheme hopper. Bunker erected best specialists of the country - Moscow metro builders and Donbass miners and ordinary workers. Underground structure was a miniature copy of the Moscow metro station "Airport". In 2900 the building was attended by about 800 workers and engineers and technical workers. Of all the builders of the bunker is now known only to the chief engineer of the project YS Ostrovsky, chief architect MA Zelenin and chief geomarksheyderskih I.I.Drobinin works. All other nameless. From all subscription was taken not to disclose state secrets, which has no statute of limitations. Therefore, even the people living near the city had no idea what was going on behind the high fence construction. The soil was exported machines at night. Builders almost never left the object, ate in the dining room was built here, and spent the night in a hostel in the courtyard of the regional committee or in the underground rooms. Work was carried out around the clock in two shifts. Less than a year was taken out 25 thousand cubic meters of soil, laid 5,000 cubic meters of concrete.
The front door is the upper deck, which begins the descent into the hopper as the elevator and the wall on the stairs.