The 15-minute test of self-control or as uneaten candy leads to success. Test marshmallows (or Marshmallow test).Psychological experiment
In 1960s, psychology Professor Walter Michel conducted an experiment with children at Stanford kindergarten to find out how they can restrain their desires.
Children 4-6 years old were led into an empty room with a table and chair. On the table was put a treat (a marshmallow). The presenter explained to the child that if he can hold off and not eat the treat until the return of the adult, then get another one. A leading left, and the child was left alone with the treat.
When the host was explaining to the children the rules of getting a second candy, almost all the children were waiting. Then the researcher left the room for 20 minutes.
While some four-year old was able to resist temptation as much as 15 minutes, most surrendered in less than one minute. When adults were offered to take a treat (according to the principle "out of sight, out of mind"), to make it easier to keep the children, as a rule, refused.
For about a year the children have been dramatic changes in the area of self-control. At the age of five or six years, the majority chose not to have a remuneration and persistently suppressed thoughts about them in accordance with the strategy of self-control.The film "the Marshmallow test"
How much time a child can wait to eat a marshmallow if the researcher promises to bring another in exchange for waiting?
The continuation of the experiment
Psychologists continued to be interested in the further development and fate of the children undergoing the marshmallow test.
Subsequent studies showed that children who could wait and not eat the sweetness at the age of 4 years, was ahead of his peers in many areas when he reached 18 years of age: successful completion of the SAT (a standardized test for admission to higher educational institutions in the United States) and high performance IQ tests.
When comparing the results AT children with the shortest snooze time-out treats (lower third) with the results of the children with the greatest delay (upper third), the difference amounted to 210 points.
In 2006, after finishing studies, U. Mishel came to the conclusion that the respondents failed the child test the level of stress, addictions, emotional and interpersonal issues were, on average, much higher than it successfully passed.
Young people under the age of 27-32 years that preschoolers showed the greatest restraint during the marshmallow test, had an optimal body mass index, effectively achieved its objectives and to successfully cope with stress. The average age of those who knew how in my childhood hard to wait ("delay"), and those who couldn't do ("a brief respite"), had a completely different scan of the brain in those areas (prefrontal cortex) that are responsible for addiction and obesity.Self-control plays an important role in predicting long-term success and quality of human life.
Mechanisms for self-control, help to control emotions, overcome bad habits, easier to endure stress.
It seems that those of us who find it difficult to resist the sweets in childhood can be difficult to resist cigarettes in their adult life.
The girl that ran to the candy, already grown, she now feels the craving for the beloved and nothing can do about it. Divorce and separation plunges her into the abyss of negative experiences from which she can't get out, because it is not able, not accustomed to restrain themselves.
Self-control is needed the student and the student sitting over textbooks. Dancer, mastering complicated dance "PA" and adhering to a strict diet. Want to quit and part with excess weight, can not do without self-control.
Successful education, career, happy family – all this requires a lot of time to overcome their "Want" and realize its "Necessary".If you want to hold the Marshmallow test with your children
The conditions of the experiment:
Age of child 4-7 years.
Furnished: room, with no distractions and distractions on the table – a favorite treat of your child.
Explain to your child that he can eat a treat, but if he will tolerate and will not eat it before your arrival, you will receive a second. It is important that the child understand this condition and believed that he would receive the promised second treat.How to evaluate the result?
If your child has managed to hold on and wait for "deferred compensation", then congratulate him with good self-control for his age and the fact that he was able to instill this valuable quality.
But if not managed? If marshmallows bitten?!
"To teach means to praise": a mother of three children about assessment and dissatisfied teachersCOMFORTABLE children is NOT very convenient to live
Keep calm and optimism. You are faced with a creative task slowly and consistently to develop the child's self-control. To teach him not to succumb to my "Want" and cheerfully and vigorously to do what to do "Necessary".
One of the best ways to teach others, especially children, is to show by example.published
Author: Elena Cheska