Professor of Economics, University of Chicago James Heckman stated that kindergartens help to dramatically increase the productivity of the economy and to reduce social inequality. After all, access to education get all, not just the rich. And this in turn leads to an increase in the number of skilled workers. "When around the rich constantly get richer and the poor poorer, there is a high probability that children born in families with low incomes, will not receive any education or qualifications. They will have many obstacles. And this is not good for the individual and for society as a whole,” said James Heckman, at a conference of the American Association for the advancement of science. His speech was entitled “Give children a chance at the beginning of life: a Strategy that works”.
According to James Heckman, the difference in the development of cognitive and no cognitive skills kids can already be seen in early childhood. And this difference is often explained by the different social status of parents and level of their income. So you should start with children in kindergarten. Moreover, it is necessary to make these kindergartens provide services of good quality.
"With smart policies we can reduce the gap between those who have chances for education, and those who don't. And you need to focus on the preschool age, when change is still possible. A special program for kindergarteners will help to bridge the gap and help children”, — said the scientist.
Why would a child kindergarten
Why would the child's kindergarten, scientists have shown one striking example. During the discussion on “Talking with your child: early language experience will determine the chances in life”, the experts noted that houses of different moms in different ways talking with their children. Some mothers say in a day about a thousand words, communicating with your baby, while others are only 600.
Thus the children of mothers who speak little vocabulary is less, and this is will negatively affect his progress in school. And special programs in kindergarten can equalize the difference between such children. According to Heckman, kindergarten kids learning and other essential skills for learning and work — perseverance, attentiveness, motivation and self-confidence.
Scientists gave an example of such special programmes conducted in the past (Perry Preschool Project and the Abecedarian Project). Now people who participated in these projects when I was young, 35-40 years. Today they all received a good education, they have well-paid work, good health, compared with their peers.