How we are affected by disorders of the thyroid gland

If we suddenly, without reason, get better or lose weight, there are muscular pains, it becomes harder to focus if we constantly feel anxiety or sadness, perhaps it signals problems with the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland plays a very important role in the body, primarily in the metabolism. She has a butterfly shape and is located on the neck, above the clavicles.

If thyroid unbalances, there are various health problems. What we will cover in this article.

Thyroid gland: an important and forgotten,We don't usually realize the influence of this gland on our body and its vital functions — as long as no problems arise. It produces hormones that control our activity.

The most frequent violations of thyroid gland function:

  • Hyperthyroidism: When the gland produces more hormones than the body needs.
  • Hypothyroidism: When not produce an adequate amount of hormones.
Thyroid disease:

  • Goiter: Persistent enlargement of the thyroid gland.
  • Cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Nodular goiter.
  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Approximately 12% of the population suffers from thyroid problems, and many for life, there are violations of her work.


The signals that fat is not all right, the Body usually gives us the "alarms", but not always, we "hear". About the possible imbalance of the thyroid gland showed the following signals:

Constant fatigue and sleep disturbanceIs one of the important symptoms of impaired thyroid gland function. If you all want to sleep (even if you've slept ten hours), or you feel that you have no energy, it's possible you have hypothyroidism.

If you have trouble falling asleep and you feel too nervous, highly excitable and heart rate increases, it is likely, in hyperthyroidism.

Change weightIf you have hypothyroidism, the body weight increases, and the reset it very difficult. If you, despite the "enhanced nutrition", can't get better, it obviously is associated with hyperthyroidism.

As disruption of the thyroid gland affect mood and emotionsIn the case of "Hyper" is dominated by anxiety, panic attacks, rapid change of thoughts, problems with concentration.

For "Hypo" characterized by depression, feelings of sadness and fatigue. This is due to the increased level of serotonin.

Bowel problemsin people suffering From hypothyroidism usually constipated (because hormonal changes cause a slow digestive processes).

Those who have hyperthyroidism may suffer from diarrhoea or irritable syndrome of the rectum.

Muscles and jointsWhen there is insufficient production of thyroid hormones, there are swollen muscles, muscle pain, numbness in the toes and hands. And also:

  • Rigidity
  • Inflammation
  • General weakness
  • Tendonitis
If you feel difficult to hold objects in their hands, to climb stairs, to get to the high shelves in the cabinets, you have likely hyperthyroidism.

The reproductive apparatusin women with hypothyroidism menstrual periods are more protracted, and menstruation — painful. They can also suffer from infertility and hormonal imbalance (premenstrual syndrome). And women, and in men hypothyroidism causes the weakening of libido (sexual "appetite").

In women with hyperthyroidism menstrual periods become shorter, there may be delays. This thyroid dysfunction may also have negative effects on fertility.

Hair and skinIf your hair is dry and brittle and began to fall heavily, perhaps your thyroid is not working properly. And if to these symptoms is added dry skin and brittle nails, the diagnosis will almost certainly be "hypothyroidism".

In hyperthyroidism hair fall out too, but only on the head; the skin looks thin and delicate.

The body temperatureof those suffering From hypothyroidism the body temperature is reduced, the hands and feet are freezing.

In hyperthyroidism is a regular a feeling of heat and sweating.

Cholesterolin hypothyroidism, increased levels of bad cholesterol in the blood. In hyperthyroidism the level of cholesterol, on the contrary, downgraded.

Blood pressure

Several studies have found that hypothyroidism risk of increasing the pressure increases. In hyperthyroidism systolic pressure increases and diastolic decreases.

The heartin hypothyroidism pulse is usually slow (about 20 beats per minute less than normal).

When hyperthyroidism occurs palpitations.

NeckGoiter is one of the most common forms of thyroid problems. When this occurs, the enlargement of the thyroid gland, which leads to the bulging or swelling of the neck in the front part, as well as hoarseness. Goiter can occur both during Hyper-and hypothyroidism.

Is there a predisposition to thyroid disease?

There are three risk factors that increase the probability of malfunction of the thyroid gland:

  • Heredity.
  • Gender and age (these problems more often in women and in those older than forty years).
  • Smoking (in cigarettes are toxic substances harmful for this gland).published


P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©

Join us in Facebook , Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki



See also

New and interesting