Carl Jung's ideas have had a profound impact on modern culture. Theories and ideas of the founder of analytical psychology inspired novelists, authors of comics, and even video games developer.
In Jung's film work is often interpreted less clearly, and yet artful scenes are immersed into ideas that permeate the works of the Swiss psychiatrist.
We present to you 10 films, consciously or unconsciously taken under the influence of Jung.
10. Prometheus / Prometheus (2012)
This sci-fi thriller by Ridley Scott is not only contains a reference to the myth of Prometheus, but also affects the "mythical unconscious," Jung. In the film, we see a group of astronauts / researchers traveling in search of the star system, from which in the distant past on Earth arrived aliens. Cosmic expedition is aimed at meeting the ancient progenitors and disclosure of the secrets of the origins of humanity.
"Prometheus" can be seen as a parable to weave the concepts of collective myths and personal development as a subset of the mythological and collective narrative.
9. A Star Is Born / A Star is Born (1937)
In the drama of William A. Wellman "A Star Is Born," we are faced with Jung's idea of archetypes, in particular, with its self-realization, which is opposed to the concept of the shadow.
The film tells about the life of Esther (Janet Gaynor), farm girl, who dreams of becoming a movie star. She is trying to remake itself into a Hollywood diva, taking the name Vicki Lester. Thus, Esther kills his former personality and makes a successful movie star. But her sense of self is struggling with the "true self", resulting in manifest neurosis and depression.
Closer to the final character is trying to synthesize and Esther, and Vicki, proclaiming himself "Mrs. Norman Maine." And this is a different person.
8. Vanilla Sky / Vanilla Sky (2001)
Psychological thriller Cameron Crowe's "Vanilla Sky" is a remake of the film by Alejandro Amenabar, "Open Your Eyes" (1997).
History is certainly imbued with the psychology of Jung. After a terrible car accident protagonist uses several frightening, devoid of personality traits mask to interact with society. Thus, the director uses narratologichesky personality as a tool to separate the viewer from the event.
7. Magic heaven and earth / Heaven and Earth Magic (1962)
Animation Harry Smith's "Magic of heaven and earth" is created with the use of the characters cut out of newspapers and magazines. They are reminiscent of Jung's concept of cultural archetypes, which are present in the public consciousness.
The apotheosis of the figure portrayed through her ascension to heaven and return back to the ground.
Total mythology and its subsequent inclusion in the collective unconscious - is central to the concept of personality according to Jung. Our basic ideals of the foreign teams are formed, and then extrapolated to the interior, where we are developing in the person.
6. The Holy Mountain / The Holy Mountain (1973)
"The Holy Mountain" - a surrealistic fantasy with elements of psychedelic Chilean director Alejandro Jodorowsky. This cult film heavily obliged to Jung's work on the subject of symbols and iconography.
Jodorowsky was partly inspired by a book Young's "Man and His Symbols". He used the concept of a collective mythology to represent a sort of alternate reality.
Perhaps this film is unparalleled in terms of understanding mythopoetics and its impact on the phenomenology of consciousness.
5. Wild Strawberries / Smultronstället (1957)
"Wild Strawberries" - a psychological drama of the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, which addresses the typical Jungian concepts
The main character - Professor Isak Borg, who is the archetype of the "wise old man". He goes to the honorary meeting devoted to the 50th anniversary of his professional activity, and on the way it indulges in visions, the memories, and rethinking his entire life lived.
This black-and-white film - one of the best works of Bergman, has been praised by critics and audiences
4. Persona / Persona (1966)
Another very worthy work of Ingmar Bergman, which he considered the most important director in his work. "Person" - black and white existential drama with the most concentrated set of ideas, inner feelings, hidden conflicts and compulsive desires a person who is in pain and joy of its own existence, hostility and harmony of the world
This feature film chamber is directly connected with the concept of "personality" according to Jung, where an individual person uses a mask to hide their "true essence" from all over the world.
3. Dark City / Dark City (1998)
Fantastic dystopia Alex Proyas' Dark City "examines the manifestation of personality and its compliance under the prevailing conditions. In fact, it is a reality that is created by the projection of the concept of an ideal society, and formed in order to investigate the nature of the human soul.
"Dark City" contains references to Jung, in particular his work on the nature of the person and on the implementation of memory in mind.
The film shows how man can overcome the consensus reality (in this case, a dark and depressing atmosphere of the city) and to develop their personal "safe haven" in the present world, to grow your own consciousness.
2. The Three Faces of Eve / The Three Faces of Eve (1957)
Drama Nunnally Johnson's "The Three Faces of Eve" - a documentary adaptation of the book, based on a real case of split personality. In the treatment of used techniques developed by Jung and his successors. Therefore, the film can even be used as a visual aid in the lectures on psychiatry.
The main heroine Eva White (Joanne Woodward) suffers from dissociative identity disorder. The modest and timid housewife to develop alternative bold and cheeky personality, and balances their third - a clever and intelligent person Eve
The film tries to illustrate the development of the individual, faced with negative aspects in the whole person. According to Jung, is the need to combine their negative and positive aspects of preserving public person.
1. Letter from an Unknown Woman / Letter From an Unknown Woman (1948)
This romantic melodrama directed by Max Ophüls removed based on the eponymous novel by Stefan Zweig. The film can be considered the most influential films dealing with the Jungian concept of shadow personalities and idealistic projection.
Lisa Young woman (Joan Fontaine) secretly loves his neighbor, a successful pianist Stefan (Louis Jourdan).
Their brief communication is interrupted and even forgetful Stefan recalls Lisa, who remains in the "shadow" for fear of being rejected, and for many years keeps his feelings.
In 1992 the film "Letter to an Unknown Woman" made in the National Film Registry, in the Library of Congress as a work of high cultural, historical and aesthetic value.