10 monumental milestones in the history of cinema

Everyone likes an exciting special effects, original methods of shooting films and unexpected turns of events, but not all know where all this nachalosV history of cinema there are some milestones: the first animated film, the first science fiction film, the first death on the silver screen. These milestones are known well enough for them in the world of cinema will always remember. But there are other cinematic "first" that usually go unnoticed. Meanwhile, they are also extremely important and deserve attention.

1. "Robocop 2" (1990) - the first feature film to use computer graphics in real vremeni

The "Robocop 2" are not so many fans over the first part of this film, which has become the undisputed classics, but this is the first film that officially belongs to the generation of CGI (Eng. Computer Generated Images - Computer Graphics).

Currently computer graphics (also known as the "digital kuklovodstvo") is the addition of movements of a real person to three-dimensional virtual image. This is done using simple commands entered from the keyboard, such as "look left", "blink" and "open your mouth a little wider." The result of these commands - the series of bits and bytes that are on the screen look quite realistic. And for the first time this technique has been used it in the movie "Robocop 2". Cain, the main villain of the film, used to be a man, but after the accident, his mind was moved into the body of a huge robot. This has made this an ideal character for the filmmakers could try it on a new experimental technology. All elements of the facial expressions of Cain, including moments of his off / deaths were the result of commands entered from the keyboard, and these teams were then processed by a special program. Today, the "digital kuklovodstvo" is used for motion capture, it has been used in virtually every major blockbusters with special effects that go beyond the last 20 years - from the "Lord of the Rings" to "Avatar" and many others. And all of these films greatly indebted to completely undeservedly forgotten "Robocop 2».

2. "Memoirs of a Geisha" (2005) - the first film in which all the actors of Asian proiskhozhdeniya

Hollywood has a sad tradition to appoint the white on the role intended for people of other races. And it is not a shameful relic of the past. Even today, we see Johnny Depp, playing the Indian in the "Lone Ranger", which seems absurd and ridiculous. This situation changed in 2005, in "Memoirs of a Geisha," which also became a cinematic milestone. For the first time in the history of Hollywood all the actors involved in the film were Asians, and the frame was not a single white. On the one hand, it was a great achievement. On the other hand, it was a stain of Hollywood because it took almost 100 years to make this event happen. However, if you ask about the situation in Asians (better - the Japanese), then you will know what to do in this area still have a lot. Despite the fact that the "Memoirs of a Geisha" is about the traditional Japanese way of life, some of the leading actresses in the film were actually Chinese women. It is clear that recognition of Asians Hollywood was a great start to get rid of the habit of blindly "bleach" in the movies all that is possible, and that it is impossible.

3. "Oh, where are you, brother?" (2000) - the first film in which the full use of digital correction tsveta

Today you can find the elements of a digital color correction in almost every episode of any modern film. The ability to change the color of the film with the help of digital tools in order to create a certain tone is the reason why a lot of amateur films today look as if they were made by professionals. It is this incredible technology to create beauty and brilliance in almost every film, released in the last 15 years. It all began with this picture, "Oh, where are you, brother?" The film is set in the era of the Great Depression, so that the filmmakers wanted to make them look as much as possible the creation of an old-fashioned. Before the release of "Brothers," directed mainly used special film processing laboratory reagents in order to change the colors. But by 2000, the computers have penetrated into all spheres of life, so that the Coen brothers decided to use them. After "Brother" was shot in bright summer colors of green, the Coen brothers film was sent to a California studio to change a cheerful green on a nostalgic sepia. In other words, the technology of the future for the first time was used to create a kind of "postcards from the past».

4. "Ulysses" (1967) - the first film in which sounded obscene bran

For a long time the audience just did not hear profanity in the movie. Even so soft things like "devil" or "curse" is rarely heard. But in the late '60s counterculture flourished, and as a result of bad words began to slowly but surely seeping into cinemas. In 1967 a completely taboo word with the letter "x" finally celebrated its cinematic debut in the British film "Ulysses." The main reason for the use of swear words in this movie were monologues about sex. Meanwhile, at the Cannes Film Festival, the subtitles in the film were censored, with this was done without the consent of the director David Strick picture. The director found out about it, screamed with rage, and then rushed to the projectionist booth and turned off the equipment. Then he flew out of the booth, and ran down the stairs, apparently without stopping to swear. Currently, swearing in the film - it's just part of the dialogue. The main reason for this - a bad name Strick and his paintings.

5. "The Rescuers Down Under" (1990) - the first all-digital animated film

Despite the fact that the number one in digital animation studio is now considered Pixar, is not they invented the format. That honor belongs to "Rescuers Down Under", not too well-known Disney film, which was a continuation of the hit 1977 year - "Ranger." Prior to this film cartoons were done the old fashioned way: it was a series of images with very small differences, the picture quickly followed each other to the viewer the illusion of movement. In the case of "Rescuers Down Under" each leaf with a pattern has been copied to your computer, where the drawings have appeared already in digital format. This greatly accelerated the process of animation, in addition, it took a lot less traditional (and expensive) materials, such as paint. As is the case with "Robocop 2", "Rescuers Down Under" is now remembered mainly due to the fact that they were the first film, which used a new technology, and not because of the fact that it was just a good movie. In financial terms, the movie came out completely a failure. But because he forever changed the animation, you can bet that Disney this failure is not much worried since he has focused on his "Pinocchio».

6. "Rashomon" (1950) - the first direct shooting Solntsa

This film 1950 of a mysterious murder in Japan is the first painting in which the survey was carried out direct sun. For decades, filmmakers attracted by the idea to do it, that's just nobody really knew what would happen. Many people are very afraid of the fact that direct sunlight will damage the movie camera and destroy the tape inside. Directed by Akira Kurosawa decided to test this theory, and directed a movie camera directly at the sun. Nothing terrible happened, except that the camera was made one of the most beautiful and iconic images in the history of cinema. This event has helped filmmakers in the future to better understand how lighting can operate the camera, which in turn led to a significant expansion of methods of filming. In addition, thanks to the film "Rashomon" innovation appeared at the time a creative technique that is today known as "Rashomon effect". The purpose of this effect - to create a picture of the mystery. Therefore, in the film involving several characters who give a very contradictory interpretations of the same events. This technique is widely used today in movies, critically acclaimed, such as "Reservoir Dogs," "Do not be caught - not a thief" and "The Usual Suspects».

7. "Sunday, Bloody Sunday" (1971) - the first homosexual kiss in mass kino

For a long time gay kisses almost never demonstrated in the mass cinema. Something similar to a kiss was demonstrated in the movie "Wings" in 1927, where two soldiers kiss goodbye, because one of them was at the moment when death. However, it was not a kiss between gay and surviving soldier finally returns home to marry the woman he loves. To see a real and undeniable homosexual kiss, viewers had to wait for the film "Sunday, Bloody Sunday" in 1971. This film tells the story of a man who has a romantic relationship as a woman and a man. In general, the characters are gay, and now rare in the movies.

8. "Jewish Boy" (1909) - the first film, which demonstrates fleshbeki

Showing events from a past life character motivation and justification with the help of his memories - this is one of the most widely used artistic techniques. And the idea of ​​this technique appeared more when the films were in their infancy. In 1909 director Sigmund Lubin (Siegmund Lubin) has created a three-minute "silent" film called "Jewish boy." All events of this film fit in exactly three minutes. A man named Moses fights with street thugs, after which it makes a man named Ed. Later, Moses gives all the money to save the life of Ed after he was hit by a cyclist. Then the years pass, and the unemployed Ed comes in search of work to Moses, by the time the buyout was a successful man. Moses learns it, and hires. The film is famous not its plot, as demonstrated by the memories. At one point in the film Moses thoughts returned to the fight, which was 25 years ago.

9. "Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow" (2004) - the first film shot entirely on digital fone

Digital background (green and blue screens) have been used in film for decades. They are useful when you want to move your character in the picture for some amazing place, not transferring to the actor. But over the decades, these screens are used only as a supplement to the real world, who filmed the director. And no one has ever filmed a movie on a fully digital background. Finally, in 2004, the "Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow" was the first film in history, when the shooting which it was decided to completely abandon the physical movement of the actors on-site filming and the film was shot entirely on green screen. However, the history of this film started much earlier, in 1994, the year. It was at that time director Kerry Conran film looking for an opportunity "to register" in Hollywood, but his imagination in that it does not help much. Four years of his life he spent, creating a black-and-white movie trailer for their future, which is scheduled to take off on the digital background. And its the only tool at the time was a single computer. Once he was able to find interested people who have agreed to help create a film without a major distributor, Conran took his six-minute trailer, and turned it into a feature film. Two years it took out to write a full script, and remove the main stage with the help of doubles of actors (Jude Law and Angelina Jolie appeared later). To help the actors understand where to go and how to move in the absence of scenery, Conran actually painted on the floor of the cards to them to lead the cast of one point to another scenario. Unfortunately, despite all the strenuous work Conran, "Sky Captain" flopped at the box office. Nevertheless, his shooting technique is very interested in his fellow filmmakers, and as a result there was the movie "Sin City", which was received by the critics with much more warmth. But the starting point at which it all began, the trailer was digitally created in the mid-90s novice director without any connections in Hollywood.

10. The boxing cats (1894) - the first film from the "kotomatritsey»

In the new millennium, it often seems that stupid videos with "kotomatritsami" (commercials, which is accompanied by the image of a cat, "funny" inscriptions) where real popular films. If you are one of those people who like to spend time watching the cats do stupid things different, you should give thanks for these videos is only one person: Thomas Edison.

That's right: one of the most famous inventors of all time, too, had a sense of humor and a weakness for cute and silly things at the same time. In July 1894, when Edison was experimenting with a new technique for making movies, he had the idea to put on boxing gloves for a couple of cats, and let these cats to thrash each other. Unfortunately, the outcome of the match was not documented and was lost to history. But it was the first in the world stupid video with cats (and possibly the first in the history of film comedy), and while it probably seemed funnier people than now.

via factroom.ru


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