Burlatskii gang. Specialization






1. Shoreline
Trodden coastal strip on which the boatmen went. Emperor Paul rebuked here to build fences and buildings, but it was limited and. No bushes, no stones, no way Carr with boatmen not eliminated, so that the written Repin place is a perfect stretch of road.

2. The lump - Brigadier boatmen
They become agile, strong and experienced man who knew a lot of songs. At the farm, which captures Repin, lump was defrocked pop Kanin (preserved sketches, where the artist have the names of some of the characters). Brigadier chalilsya ie fastens his strap, front and set the pace of the movement. Each step of the boatmen did synchronously with the right foot, then pulling the left. From this whole gang on the move wiggle. If someone has strayed from step people face shoulders, and gave the command bump "hay - straw", renewing movement in the leg. To maintain the rhythm of the narrow paths over the cliffs, from the foreman took great skill.




Podshishelnye - aides bumps chalivshiesya right and left of him. To the left of Kanin is Ilka-sailor - artel headman, procuring provisions and pretending Boatmen their salary. In the time of Repin it was small - 30 cents per day. So much, for example, was worth a cab to cross the whole of Moscow, traveling with Znamenka Lefortovo. Behind podshishelnyh chalilis need special control.




"Bonded" as a man with a pipe, still in the beginning time to squander salary for the entire flight. Being indebted to Artel, they worked for grub and not really tried.




Cook and Sokolny headman (ie responsible for the cleanliness of the latrine on the ship) was the youngest of the boatmen - swain stalls, experiencing the real hazing. Assuming his duties more than sufficient, stalls sometimes scandals and pointedly refused drudge.




«Hack»
In each of the farm and came across just careless, as the man with the tobacco pouch. On occasion they were not averse to shift part of the burden on the shoulders of others.



7. "Overseer»
Behind were the most conscientious haulers, goads hacks.



8. Touch or tap
Touch or tap - so the barge hauler, the closing movement. He saw to it that no twine clinging to the rocks and bushes on the shore. Touch usually looked at his feet and chalilsya apart to be able to go at their own pace. In choosing experienced stagnant, but the sick or weak.



9-10. Bark and flag
View barges. On such carted up the Volga eltonskuyu salt Caspian fish and seal oil, Ural iron and Persian goods (cotton, silk, rice, dried fruit). Artel was recruited by weight of the laden vessel is based about 250 pounds per person. Goods that are pulling up the river boatmen 11, weighs at least 40 tonnes.
By order of stripes on the flag are not treated silshkom carefully, and often raised upside down, like this.



11 and 13. The pilot and Aquarius
Pilot - a man on a wheel, actually captain. He earns more throughout the farm, taken together, give instructions Boatmen and makes driving maneuvers as well as blocks of regulating the length of twine. Now bark makes a turn, avoiding stranded.
Aquarius - carpenter who caulk and repair the ship to monitor the safety of the goods, for it bears the financial responsibility for loading and unloading. Under the contract, he shall not leave the bark during the voyage, and replaces the master, directing his behalf.



15. Thread on the bark
Since the XVI century Volga bark was made to decorate intricate carvings. It was believed that it helps the ship to rise against the tide. Top experts in the country on the clumsy work doing just bark. When in the 1870s with the river steamers drove wooden barge, master wandered in search of work, and in the wooden architecture of Central Russia came thirty-year era of magnificent carved aprons. Older thread, requiring high skills, has given way to a more primitive cutting out a stencil.



Source: www.stena.ee

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