Before we talk about the "ghost stations" in the classical sense, it would be appropriate to talk about the other varieties. In 1950-1970-ies in the territory electrodepot several undergrounds of the Soviet Union opened the temporary station serving the passengers to commissioning full metrovokzalov neighborhood. Once the need for them has disappeared, such facilities were adapted for domestic purposes depot, while retaining some elements of his former decoration.
Metro station "May Day", Moscow
Moscow 'Day "became the first temporary subway station in the USSR. Opened in 1954 on the Arbat-Pokrovskaya line, it was located on the territory electrodepot "Izmailovo" and functioned to commissioning in 1961, the station "Izmailovskaya" and extending the line further to the west of Moscow.
Surprisingly, realizing that "Day" will run only a few years, architects nevertheless not enough to deny her lush decor characteristic of the stations, which were built in 1930-1950-ies. Particularly impressive is the full ground lobby, decorated in the spirit of the development of the classical heritage. Pictured in 1955 thanks to the monumental construction with two arches, decorated with traditional letter "M" and the words "Metropolitan behalf of LM Kaganovich," "May Day" seems full luxurious metrovokzalom.
Inside the station still looked modest, although here the designers have tried to decorate it means available. Grandiose chandeliers and stucco reliefs on the walls clearly reminiscent of the era, and the rhythm of metal brackets that support the roof, can not refuse in the industrial elegance.
After the 1961 "May Day" was adapted by one of the depot repair shops "Izmailovo", and took a magnificent lobby auditorium of the organization. On the other - albeit short - life of the object is still preserved on the walls resemble the "architectural excesses" and the marble-tiled cladding. Disappeared just exploded under the additional deadlock platform yes the very chandelier.
The building is now surrounded by the lobby outbuildings and garages.
Metro station "Kaluga", Moscow
Three years after the closing "Pervomajskaya", in 1964, on the south-west of Moscow, on the territory of the depot "Kaluga", was put into operation the same name station, which has become final (at the time) at the Kaluga-Riga line. In the spirit of Khrushchev's views on architecture, it has already received a much more minimalist in terms of decoration.
After 10 years, next opened a new, already underground "Kaluga", the train went past electrodepot and temporary station there was closed, to convert it into a warehouse. Unlike "Pervomajskaya" old "Kaluga" maintained its platform, and the lobby has been fitted under the lounges machinists.
Among other things now on the former station is stored and the contact-battery electric VEKA-001, the only instance of this type of rolling stock in Moscow.
Metro station "Green Valley", St. Petersburg
In Leningrad in 1966-1977 years, again in the territory electrodepot existed station "Green Valley". Unlike their counterparts, it was an open and after starting the neighborhood full underground site could not be transformed by production needs. Its lobby is eventually dismantled station tracks were dismantled. Retaining only a small portion of the platform on which there was a superstructure occupied structures GAI traffic police.
Moscow, "Day", "Kaluga" Leningrad "Green Valley" in the past, their structure originally was temporary, though now their former life still resembles much. Classic "Ghost station 'metrovokzaly considered, the construction of which was almost finished, but for whatever reason have not been put into operation.
Metro station "Spartacus" (formerly "Volokolamskaya"), Moscow
The most striking example of "true ghost" - unfinished intermediate station - in the Moscow metro station has long been "Volokolamskaya." It was designed in the former airfield in Tushino, which was planned in the future to turn into a large housing estate. Facility built in designs on Violet Metro line in 1975, but no need to enter it in the system, along with the rest of the starting site at that time was not. From the construction of the sleeping area declined, "Volokolamskaya" was buried in the midst of a huge field, where there was no absolutely no buildings that generate the slightest ridership.
Stair and escalator tunnels were built, under which only left the reserve in the end of the station. Himself metrovokzal naturally received no finish and was mothballed. Passengers trains almost 40 years could watch it on the stretch between stations "Tushino" and "Schukinskaya».
Bright future in "Volokolamskaya" appeared only in 2010, when construction began on Tushino stadium for the football club "Spartak" (Moscow). In April 2013, the station had already renamed the "Spartacus" began to reopen and actively finish building. At the end of August - beginning of September, the two objects will be open to the public, and one - the most famous - "Ghost station" in Moscow will be less.
Metro station "Business Center" Moscow
Another built in designs "in reserve", but has yet to open "ghost station" Moscow Metro. Complex of two stations under the same name "Moscow-City" area of skyscrapers of the Russian capital, was built back in 2004-2005, as one of the elements of its central core. First of metrovokzalov was finally commissioned in late January 2014, joining the Kalinin-Solntsevskaya lines. Second, referring to the prospective Third Interchange Contour Moscow metro, still waiting for their turn. However, the fate of 40-year-old ghost "Volokolamskaya" - "Spartak" he repeated: the current plans imply its opening in late 2015.
Two classic "Ghost station" exist in Kiev underground, and the reasons for their "Ghost" is quite different.
Metro station "Telichka" Kiev
"Telychko" as Moscow "Volokolamsk", built in the future. It was erected in the construction in 1992 on the site of the Caves Syretsko line passes under a large industrial zone. It was assumed that eventually takes place diverse businesses mixed residential and administrative buildings, thanks to which the station will be in demand by passengers.
However, this has not happened so far, and the prospects of development of the industrial zone (and respectively, and the future of the "Telicka") have not been determined. Interestingly, structurally similar to our station, "Day". In the center of each of its lateral platforms left groundwork for so long and not constructed outcrops.
Metro station "Lviv Brahma", Kiev
"Lviv Brahma" also belongs to the Caves Syretsko line, but the rest of her fate is different. Firstly, unlike the "Telicka" is a classic pylon station deep foundation. Secondly, it is located in a busy and congested central district of Kiev and seemingly should have been provided tens of thousands of passengers a day.
The central hall and landing platform "Lviv Brahma" were built by 1996. Moreover, even started trimming station - track walls partially revived with marble. However, due to the lack of a reconstruction plan of the Lviv area, where they had to find a way out of the subway escalator tunnel and ground lobby were not built.
Designers and builders to determine the future shape of the square was completely unclear where to place the lobby "Lviv Brahma". The situation is now all in the same limbo that 18 years ago, and the "ghost station" still scares most of the passengers of passing trains.
Until relatively recently, Kiev "Lviv Brahma" is very reminiscent of the metro station "Admiralty" in St. Petersburg. They were built in parallel ("Admiralty" in the design was ready by 1997), at great depth (station in St. Petersburg became the deepest in Russia - 86 meters!), Without a pre-defined exit site escalator tunnel to the surface.
Option lobby with seating at the site of the demolished apartment building was found only after 12 years, it took two more years of construction output. In the end, as the classic "Ghost station" "Admiralty" lasted 14 years and was opened to passengers in late 2011.
In the Moscow metro, there are still a number of curious underground facilities is not, strictly speaking, with the full-fledged "Ghost station." For example, in 2008, on the stretch "Krylatskoe" - "Strogino" Arbat-Pokrovskaya line was constructed service-technical station, which, in turn, serves as a stepping stone for promising station "Trinity Lykovo." That appears at this point in case the surface in its area will be built large housing estate.
In the meantime, here built a platform length of 26 meters, which have access to the premises and to the surface. Periodically, at the platform of the future station "Trinity Lykovo" train stops alighting technical staff working here.
On the same stretch is another technical platform, the so-called "safety entrance" D "", which is intended for emergency evacuation of passengers in case of an emergency
Its construction was due to the excessive length of haul (over 5 km), which is now under the current regulations, must be compensated by the construction of additional outputs of super-long tunnel in the event of force majeure.
In addition to individual stations built, but for one reason or another are not entered into service in the former Soviet Union, there are whole metrosistemy, the construction of which began, but has never fully completed and was not. Subways in Omsk and Chelyabinsk turned into monstrous protracted, work which continued for decades and the long-awaited end to them not visible.
In Omsk subway construction began in 1992, but in 22 years were actually built only one station ("Pushkin Library") and a few kilometers tunnels. The remaining three metrovokzala included in the first launch site, while there are only format concreted foundation pits.
A similar situation exists in Chelyabinsk. Of the four stations of the first stage for the same '22 construction construction Ready only "Komsomolskaya Square", another station ("Mall") completed by only 10-15%.
However, the inhabitants of Omsk and Chelyabinsk hope sooner or later to ride the underground train remains. But partly built subways in Donetsk and Krasnoyarsk so most likely remain an impressive monument to human ambition and dream of any mismanagement and Digger.
The decision on the construction of the subway in Krasnoyarsk was made in 1983, but immediately after construction began only 11 years old. For two decades, none of the three stations forming the first portion of the length of the starting 5, 17 km, and has not even built in designs, paving was only just over 2 km tunnels. In 2012, it was decided to conservation that have built up to the top, but not specifically defined times.
Abandoned unfinished subway exists near Donetsk. Its construction began in 1993, but even the European football championship, which matches the city adopted in 2012, and the associated investment in infrastructure Donetsk not enhanced the construction of the subway.
Gradually overgrown trees pits failed stations, rusty cranes and headgears, waterlogged tunnels, construction of which was invested huge amounts of money and labor of thousands of construction workers - such is now underground in Donetsk.
In 2011, on completion finally abandoned, and given the current situation in the city is no hope for the resumption of the construction of human beings in any foreseeable future does not exist. Complete abandoned metrosistema was another attraction of Donbass.
All ATP for reading :)