I want to hold you a little photo tour of one remarkable Ukrainian city.
Kamenetz-Podolsk (Ukr. Kamianets-Podіlsky) - a town in Khmelnitsky region of Ukraine, the administrative center of Kamenetz-Podolsk district (not included in its composition). One of the oldest cities in skirts.
At the entrance we were met by a bridge, but since the bus stopped him, then met us with the area and Trinity Church.
Greek Catholic monastery of the Holy Trinity in Kamenetz-Podolsk was founded in 1722 by monks Basilian. For the first time the Orthodox Trinity Church is mentioned in 1582. It is possible that at this point there was a more ancient temple of XIII-XIV centuries. During the Turkish rule the church was converted into a mosque, and after the departure of the Turks, she moved to the Greek Catholics and became a cathedral. After joining the Russian Empire skirts all Uniate monasteries were handed over to the Orthodox. In 1836 a monastery building was built two-storey stone outbuilding with a warm church Anthony and Theodosius, and in 1855 was completed the reconstruction of Trinity Church with giving her the Orthodox forms. In Soviet times, the church was completely destroyed. In recent years, Trinity Church was rebuilt on the foundations cleared by the Basilian monks.
Go back to the bridge.
And now Smotrichsky canyon. This canyon is shaped like the Greek letter omega, and this constitutes an island, on which is located the Old City
In some places the width of the canyon reaches 250 meters, and height - up to 40 flat bottom of the canyon, there is a river and Smotrych are whole neighborhoods (even live there, I do not think a lot of fun - at night terribly loud croaking frogs, which are found in the canyon thousands , and certain river from time to time out of the banks).
Through the canyon passes Novoplanovsky bridge. This bridge was built in the second half of the XIX century, and it was after its construction began to be built up that part of the city through which we walked from the train station - a new plan. The bridge across different sources available. Basically, they write that the length of the bridge 136 meters, but I have met and figure 142. But all converge in height - 38 meters. Bridge abutments are 7 pylons.
Public garden near the bridge with white leblyadyami
He is the same, but without birds
They're everywhere, there is still a legend there
According to legend, the Lithuanian Prince Algirdas (1296 - 1377) and his nephews, brothers, Yuri and Alexander Koriatovichi, after a victory over the Tartars, once went to hunt deer. And out of the thicket before Olexandr jumped deer with golden horns and silver hoofs. Young hunter chased a wonderful animal, but soon realized he was lost. But suddenly a deer appeared next to him and said in a human voice: "Sit down with me, and I will bring you out of the woods. I'll take you to the place that will become your home and bring glory. This is - an island in the middle of a horseshoe of happiness (Smotrych river makes a loop, bypassing the old town, as a horseshoe - Auth.), Who will be your principality. " And it was founded Stone
Again deer from another angle
The steps of the bridge
Under the bridge
River under the bridge.
This five-tiered tower, with a high roof and patrol platform. Located on the shore of the canyon. Almost close to the tower is adjacent to the restaurant suggests the name - the "Old Tower". This restaurant has a balcony with a very good view of the canyon.
And here is to get to the old town
Cathedral of Peter and Paul - the main religious building of the Old City. Peter and Paul Church was built monastic order of Dominicans, who appeared in Kamenetz-Podolsk in the XIV century. The building of the stone church in the 1502-17 biennium. attributed to Bishop J. Buceatchi. During the Turkish domination (1672-99 gg.) The temple was used as the main mosque, it was attached to the 36-meter minaret. After returning Poles, according to the peace treaty, the minaret was preserved, but the top was set gilded statue of the Madonna. Now Peter and Paul Cathedral in Kamenetz-Podolsk - the world's only Christian church with a minaret. It houses a magnificent sculpture tombstone 21-year-old Laura Pshezdetskoy work V. Brodsky (1874). During the horse-riding girl he fell off the horse, broke his spine and died. In two years, commissioned the sculptor created the grieving parents of marble masterpiece: a beautiful ghost of a smile on his face looks asleep, but grieving angel had lowered the torch extinguished and nedochitannaya book open on the 21st page. The sculpture is often called the "Sleeping Princess". Peter and Paul church courtyard is magnificent Arch of Triumph (1781) in honor of the last Polish king Stanislaw August. Tours are conducted in his spare time worship.
View of the fortress from the church
We get down to the Polish goal
Sobsna himself descent. Stair-Yenko, Yenko
Polish Gate (Gate) - a unique hydraulic fortification in Kamenetz-Podolsk, which served both the city gates, defensive tower and dam. The building was the famous military engineer J. Pretvich, who at the time held the reconstruction of Kamenetz-Podolsk fortress. Polish Brahma complex consisted of five towers on both sides of the river Smotrych and wall-dam which crossed the canyon. In normal times, the dam held the high water level in the river above the town. In an emergency, the water was run through the locks into the canyon, which was locked located downstream of the Russian gates, and the river level rose, creating a water barrier striker.
To stake. XVII. frequent floods destroyed the dam, but Nadvrantnaya, rock, coastal towers and the Barbican have survived. In the XIX century. they gave blacksmiths, and since then they are called Forging towers. On the other side of the river is visible wall tower, which is now on private land. From the Polish Gate can climb to the Peter and Paul church stairs Farengoltsa.
Back in the old city.
Russian Gate (Ruska Brama) - a unique hydraulic fortifications Kamenetz-Podolsk, stands together with the Polish gate system for flooding river canyon Smotrych in case of danger. Construction began in 1527 alleged Russian ensemble consisted of 8 gate towers, Barbican and defensive walls connecting their length of 230 m, which is completely crossed the canyon width of 90 m. The intersection of the river bed in the wall were gateways. In XVI-XVII centuries. resulting in frequent flooding coastal strengthening Russian Gate began to collapse, and the context. XVII - beg. XVIII century. Four towers collapsed. It saves hours of, Gate, privratno, coastal towers and the Barbican.
At the moment it carried out the restoration. Part of the premises used as a Russian gate creative studio potters, planned to create a cultural and handicraft center.
We've had enough of the old town, we stamp the fortress
About Fortress can write long, but I just share photos of.
By the way in a very neat and clean, you can shoot a bow or crossbow. Eat food cooked over a campfire.
By the way prices are very democratic, such as 100 grams. Kebabs, delicious, you have to pay 20 UAH.
We walk up the fortress. We leave.
Another tower, Kushnirs'ka.
In this tower 7 storeys.
Go back to the bridge and cheshem the station, because ahead of us ..........
Khotyn fortress - a magnificent example of medieval defensive architecture of Ukraine, one of the most significant monuments of Bukovina. Built in the XIII century. on the orders of Prince Daniel Galitsky in place early Slavic fortification.
Castle (Citadel) consists of four defensive towers of the palace commandant officer of the barracks, a church with fragments of paintings of the XVI century. For a long time Khotyn fortress was an outpost of the Galicia-Volyn principality, an important defensive point of Transnistria. In the XVI century. it strengthens the Moldavian king Stefan III. In 1621, under Hawtin combined Polish-Ukrainian forces led by Hetman Chodkiewicz Ya broke 150,000th Turkish army, which was considered invincible. A crucial role in the Battle of Khotyn played 40000th Cossack army Hetman Sagaidachnogo.
However, Hawtin was ruled by the Turks, who in the XVIII century. with the help of French engineers built next to the castle a new fortress with earthen ditches, bastions and four gates. Inside it could accommodate the 20-thousand garrison. After the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in the XIX century. the castle was restored, the mosque turned into a castle garrison church of Alexander Nevsky, and the mosque on the territory of the New Fortress was the church of St. Nicholas
After the Crimean War Khotyn fortress as a military facility it has lost value, but well preserved. Its impressive walls serve as a backdrop in such famous films as "Zahar Berkut", "Ballad of the Valiant Knight Ivanhoe", "Dartagnan and Three Musketeers", "Arrows of Robin Hood", "Taras Bulba».
Basically that's it.
Hopefully I liked.
All rays beaver