Before residents Arab Emirates found oil, they were engaged in pearling in the waters of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.
First inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula just dived for pearls wild, but in the 30s of the last century, the Japanese took over the experience and began to cultivate pearls artificially implanting inside the shell of pearl, mother of pearl beads.
In this post you will learn the history of fishing and the cultivation of pearls, pearls see Museum of Ras al-Khaimah and features of the "operation" of the oyster-pearl.
And most importantly, you will learn how to distinguish a real pearl from a fake.
1. Ras Al Khaimah - one of the seven emirates that make federation. He - the most northern, and therefore the temperature here a couple of degrees lower than that of its neighbors. In early September, the daytime temperature is approximately 37-40 degrees. But it is - even out of season. The main influx of tourists in the Emirates begins in October. Then the temperature drops to a more comfortable 30+ degrees.
The organizers of the trip showed us which opened in March this year, Pearl Museum, located right on the shore of the Persian Gulf, which, incidentally, is known locally as the Arab. And all because the Arabs are at odds with the people of Iran, the Persians.
2. The walls are covered with thousands of oyster shells.
Once removed from its valuable pearl stuffing, sink can go into business - nothing can be discarded. Oysters are used for home decoration, furniture inlays, manufacturing accessories and gifts, or just let the fertilizer.
3. As it turned out - shellfish-pearl outside quite plain.
Before pearls here began to grow industrial way, local pearl divers dived to a depth of several meters and collected shellfish in baskets, woven from palm leaves. It was a difficult and dangerous job. To protect against jellyfish used special linen suits, gloves protect the hands and put on his nose clips. To protect your skin from damage, divers rubbed her special oils. Their eyes and ears were open, so often professional pearl divers have lost sight and hearing of the sudden changes in pressure and a long contact with salt water. But their work is always well rewarded - before the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the Japanese have patented the cultivation of pearls, pearls in the world market was very expensive. And originated in saltwater pearls are still valued more than freshwater pearls because they are more complex in the production / cultivation and have a much more pronounced luster. Today saltwater pearls occupies a small fraction of the world's pearl market: 95% of the total production of the world's fresh water takes.
4. In the photo - a traditional protective suit Arab pearl divers, protection against jellyfish stings.