Unusual burning taste chili gives capsaicin. It is this element is taken into account when measuring the severity of pepper, which is made on the "Scoville scale of hotness." For the first time this scale proposed to apply American chemist Wilbur Scoville and since then it is used for comparative assessment of different varieties of pepper pungency. For comparison, sweet pepper corresponds to 0 on this scale, Tabasco sauce - 5,000 units, jalapeno - 8,000 units, spicy Thai peppers - 50-100 thousand.
Madame Jeanette (225 000 units)
Its unusual name from the pepper Suriname received on behalf of prostitutes from Paramarino. This innocuous-looking sleek yellow pepper pod is actually very sharp.
Scotch Bonnet (100 000 - 350 000 units)
Most often this type of pepper is found in the Caribbean islands, Guyana. It is widely used in cooking and is used to impart a unique flavor to various dishes of pork and chicken.
White habanero (100 000 - 350 000 units)
To grow this type of pepper quite difficult, so it is rarely found.
Classic habanero (100 000 - 350 000 units)
This pepper is one of the components of the popular sauce Tabasco. If you go to Mexico, we suggest you try this dish with peppers and thereby earn the respect of the locals.
Fatali (125 000 - 325 000 units)
Fatali is considered the birthplace of South Africa. Tasting it is possible to catch a fruity aftertaste.
Devil's tongue (125 000 - 325 000 units)
The history of this type of pepper reliably known. The fruits of pepper are bright, fruity, slightly nutty flavor.
Tigerpaw NR (265 000 - 328 000 units)
This pepper was bred by artificial means, because of what the tradition of using it in food did not exist.
Chocolate habanero (aka Congo Black) (300,000 - 425,000 units)
This variety of pepper can meet in the traditional hot sauce from Mexico to Jamaica.
Red Savina (200,000 - 450,000 units)
From 1994 to 2006, this kind of pepper was considered the most acute of all varieties of chili peppers.
Caribbean Red habanero (300 000 - 475 000 units)
The most widely used red habanero Caribbean found in Mexican cuisine. Most often it is used in salsa and other spicy sauce.
Trinidad Scorpion CARDI (800,000 - 1,000,000 units)
The name of this type of pepper was due to the shape of tail, resembling the tail of a scorpion. In their homeland, this type of pepper has been successfully used in the military industry for the production of tear gas. Not only for its processing, but growing, workers have to wear gas masks and protective clothing.
Naga Morich (aka Dorset Naga) (1,000,000 units)
How strange it sounds, but there are some "gastromazohisty" who are able to eat even a pepper with the level of severity of a million units Scoville.
Bhut Dzholokiya (aka Ghost Pepper) (800,000 - 1,001,304 units)
In 2011, the pepper was recognized as the most acute and is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. In India, it is used for the manufacture of grenades that effectively cooled the ardor of hooligans.
Bhut Dzholokiya chocolate (800,000 - 1,001,304 units)
Despite its sweet name, this is enough pepper bitter and is used in all varieties of curry dishes.
7 Pot Chili (over 1 000 000 units)
In Jamaica, this type of pepper is referred to as the "seven pots." This is due to the fact that supposedly one pod is enough to fill the aroma and taste of seven pots of food.
Gibralta (Spanish Naga) (1,086,844 units)
Despite the fact that this type of pepper was launched in the UK, it is grown in Spain. The process of cultivation of this crop is quite interesting, it is grown in closed plastic tunnels, using extremely high temperatures.
Infinity chili (1,176,182 units)
The removal of this variety of pepper, we should be grateful to the breeder Nick Woods from the UK.
Naga Viper (1,382,118 units)
Naga Viper is unstable genetic hybrid of the other three varieties of chili: Naga Morici, Bhut dzholokiya and Trinidad Scorpion.
7 Pot Douglah (aka Chocolate 7 Pot) (923,000 - 1,853,396 units)
Nearly 2 million Scoville units devoted to this most juicy and flavorful version of chili.
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T (1,463,700 units)
This pepper is so acute that the cooking of chef forced him to put on special equipment, and even in spite of this, for another two weeks, they feel a slight numbness in the hands.
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (2,009,231 units)
For several years, this kind of pepper was considered the most acute in the world. Average fruit in its composition contains the same amount of capsaicin as a police officer and pepper aerosol spray. The sharpness of the fetus does not feel right after biting off a piece of pepper, but only a few minutes. If you decide to try it, then be prepared that in a minute you turn red face, eyes begin to tear and there will be bouts of nausea.
Carolina Reaper (1,569,300 - 2,200,000 units)
In November 2013 it was this pepper was recognized as the hot pepper in the world.