In the burned village Linevo (there burned about 80 houses), people were asked: which is why there was such a fire. Called a lot of reasons: strong wind break and short circuit wires, even arson arrived suddenly Chechens. But no one, no one said that the house burned to the fact that on the outskirts of the village someone had lit the grass, as it is taken from us almost everywhere. It is clear that another article about how stupid and dangerous to set fire to dry grass will not solve the problem overnight, but let's think together.
Every year, in spring and autumn in Russia harness dry grass. Every year, in spring and autumn in Russia burning houses (sometimes entire villages burned), and in the fire people are dying. But still in the minds of the majority is no connection between these facts. More, many sincerely believe that burn the grass is possible and necessary. So, the main arguments "arsonists", as a rule, are as follows:
Myth 1: Burning grass warms the soil and enriches it with ash, resulting in burned areas appear new grass grows faster and better.
Reality: As a rule, the grass begins to burn April and May, when the new greens have already hatched. And often it is not visible under the dry grass. After burning the young grass becomes quite simply more visible on a black background, which many take for the "improvement of growth." At the same time, the grass, of course, suffers from a fire, its quality is deteriorating at an annual palah because organics burns "on the vine", killed beneficial insects, microorganisms, etc. Ash enrichment also typically does not occur. Ash, of course, is formed, but it does not penetrate into the soil and remains at its surface. As a result, the first heavy rain washes it into streams and rivers, where it has absolutely nothing to do. The absurdity of this method of fertilizer application can be demonstrated as follows: hardly any of truckers would fertilize the soil for future crops, burning has grown. And this is what happens when herbal palah.
Myth 2: If you burn the grass in the spring, it will kill all the mites, vipers and other dangerous animals.
Reality: It is possible, mites and viper will not be saved. But, even if for a moment to accept the fact that such a way of dealing with dangerous creatures harmless to the environment, we should not forget that quite often with tongs to the light sent and more useful animals, including bipedal.
Myths 3, 4 (relevant to the south of Russia) need to burn dry reeds that grew in their place, something new, more useful. Reeds need to burn in order to not get lost in them cows.
Reality: In most cases, after the burning of reeds grow again by him. The second assertion is difficult to argue, svezhezazharennaya cow really is not lost on the ashes.
Myth 5 The grass must be burned in order to then, when the spring flood water rises, it is convenient to fishing nets, which goes to spawn.
Reality: Yes, the fish catch in this case is really convenient. So burning grass - a direct benefit for poachers. Here, these will only last "birthday of the heart" for long. During spawning, fish use herbs as the basis for fixing the eggs and where the grass and reeds to do but will not be successful spawning. And ash, got into the water, can and does kill the eggs, and even fish.
Myth 6 Annual burning of grass - stronger prevention of fires.
Reality: This statement may be true. But only under certain conditions. Only strictly controlled, specially prepared and well organized in suitable weather fall can help to avoid more problems. In real conditions to hold such events, few people can, and harmful to the soil and animals from the effects of controlled fell indistinguishable from uncontrolled. Foresters professionals long and zealously argue the possibility of forest fire prevention methods controlled burns. But in our opinion - is the way dead-end and can be used only in really extreme situations, such as when no other means possible to stop the fire, threatening settlements. But even with this disclaimer should be remembered that, for example, this year many catastrophic fires started right from preventive burning operations.
Myth 7 All around the harness, so it should be. What have I done? As a rule, in this case, the logic is this: if I do not kindle the grass in his village now, and the wind is blowing away from the house, it will light in the nearby village, and the wind blowing in my direction.
Reality: As if it did not look strange, but such "competition" do happen all the time. At the same time, vacationers pyromaniac not realize that burn bad neighbors, the wind can change dramatically, the fire may bypass the village and back to the rear.
Myth 8 Since many of our fellow citizens were in school, they will remember that the steppes and prairies can only exist with regular burn-in, which replaced the trampling territories large ungulates.
Reality: That's just forget these pundits that such burning may be useful only when they occur by natural causes every few years, and certainly not every year (and sometimes twice a year).
That's about the case in the minds of many of our fellow citizens. The fact that currently in Russia there is practically no control over the observance of citizens and organizations with fire safety regulations on natural areas, as they say, keep silent. Of course, an invaluable contribution to the increase in the number of fires and made a "concern of the state": in the last 15 years, the State Forest Service methodically destroyed. And today this process is completed. Against the background of the deputies of the State Duma shall hold meetings (where the main culprit catastrophic fires this year unanimously recognized nature), against the background of how the Emergency Situations Ministry asks state billions of rubles (at a premium, while you're at that thought), forests, dry grass , followed by the villages and continue to burn. A guard and cook them almost no one and nothing. Not enough technology professionals and knowledge. And our fellow citizens continue to enjoy the green grass on the black ashes: a breath of beauty ... Haze, grass harness. Finally spring. It's time to assemble the cottage. And all overgrown with last year ...
Well, now burnt photos of the Volgograd region in general and in particular the village Linevo.
But looks like burnt village. The spectacle, I must say, eerie. People walk on the ashes, searching for surviving: forks, knives, pots, etc. In general, all that is still somehow can be used.