Throughout its rich history, which lasted for about three thousand years, Rome has repeatedly called the Eternal City. Although the rise of Rome as a settlement dates back to 625 BC, the oldest city on the planet, which was inhabited continuously considered Byblos, which is located on the territory of present-day Lebanon. The first mention of it appeared in 5 millennia BC.
Linguists do not exclude the fact that Rome was the word of the language of the Etruscans «rhome», which means "power" or "river". Also, it is possible that it is related to the root «rum», meaning "udder", which can be attributed to the udder wolf who suckled the twins Romulus and Remus. Another assumption is that the city is named after the daughter of Aeneas, the mythical king's daughter named Roma.
Since early Rome was not enough women, people of Romulus (771-717 BC) women were abducted from a nearby tribe Italic Sabines. Most of the girls became reward those who stole them, while, as the most beautiful gave powerful senators.
The Rome is the only city that has another sovereign state on its territory. This is the Vatican, which is still known as a very small country in the world.
Coffee "cappuccino" was named after the Italian Capuchin monks who wore hoods, called «cappucio».
Some religious sources claim that Emperor Nero was the Antichrist and must return to the image of the Antichrist. Some scholars argue that the number 666 in the biblical Book of Revelation is the source of the Emperor Nero.
Some ancient Romans placed over the door of his home phallic symbols as signs of good luck and fertility, and miniature phalluses worn as ornaments in the form of amulets for good luck.
Rome's population more than one million people, was not equal across Europe, as long as London in the 19th century is not the capital of Italy has overtaken on this indicator.
Roman doctors have a wide range of medical instruments, including catheters and medical-mirror reflectors. Many modern medical terms are of Latin origin. For example, patella many doctors call «patella», which means "small saucer».
The world's first shopping center was built by Emperor Trajan in Rome. It consisted of several levels and more than 150 retail outlets that sell everything - from food and spices to clothes.
Snake is the usual way in Roman art, and it is believed that it brings the owner of jewelry with her portrayal of love in the family and prosperity at home.
It is said that the third wife of the Emperor Claudius wore wigs, gilded nipples of their breasts and once organized a competition with a local prostitute - who of them will satisfy more men in one night. In the end, Claudius her execution.
Toga is a unique Roman clothing. She wore only a freeborn citizens of Rome, as a sign of distinction from people of other categories. Ironically, the only category of women who wore the toga, were Roman prostitutes because they were not allowed to wear the table, traditional dress for Roman women.
Sometimes the treatment of infertility Roman doctors recommended to drink the blood of fallen gladiators.
After the emperor's death unleashes the eagle (symbol of the god Jupiter) that he took his soul to heaven.
Fashi (fasces), which is a bundle of twigs tied with a red bow, with a bronze axis in the center, symbolizing the strength and unity of Rome. The Italian word "fascism" got its name from the word «fasces».
On the day of the official opening of the Colosseum in its arena were killed 5000 animals. According to conservative estimates, the history of this building it killed more than 500,000 people and over a million animals.
During his march across the Alps, undertaken for the capture of Rome in 218 BC, the Carthaginian leader Hannibal lost 14,000 men and 25 elephants. After the invasion of Hannibal the Romans were able to release only after 17 years. Hannibal is so scared of the Romans, that they are still a few centuries they frightened their naughty children.
Virgins - Vestal were women who supported the sacred fire of Vesta, the Roman goddess of homemakers. If they lost their virginity, even as a result of rape, they were buried alive in an unmarked grave anything. For all the thousand-year history of the temple was subjected to this punishment only 18 Vestals.
By the end of the fourth century AD, the Romans built more than 53 thousand miles of roads throughout the empire. Every Roman mile was approximately 1450 meters and marked road stone (milestone).
The ancient Romans were very superstitious and believed that the bells eases the pain of childbirth, smelling cyclamen prevents hair loss, and to see the owl - a bad omen. Bees are regarded as the messenger of the gods, brought them, they firmly believed luck.
The month of August, which was previously called (sixth), was renamed in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus. January was named after the Roman god Janus, who had two faces, one staring back - in the last year, and the second stared forward - into the future. The name of the month of April comes from the Latin word «aperire», which means open, possibly due to the fact that in this month opened flower buds.
Over the Colosseum could push large sun visor that protected spectators from the sun in hot weather. The Colosseum was built 12 years. To ensure that all 70,000 spectators could go, lacked only three minutes.