Rome – a cultural and historical centre, where all modern Western civilization. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that within one town concentrated thousands of monuments from different eras: from ancient times, when the city fought for life with hundreds of Italian tribes of antiquity – the heyday of the Republic and the Roman Empire to the middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Cultural layers in the city of Romulus and REM so much that it will represent a perpetual interest to tourists who flock there from all over the world, to touch the history. It is possible to spend not one month, plunged headlong into the study of the memorable and beautiful places.
But not all tourists can afford to spend in an expensive European capital relaxation length in 2-3 weeks. Where to go in the first place, and what can be ignored, if the traveler has only 1 day? To make the stay full even in such a short time, costs are simple guidelines.
St. Peter's Square
In Rome is one of the greatest relics of the Christian world, and a monument of European architecture – the Cathedral of St. Peter. It is a Holy Throne, where sits the vicar of the first Apostle – the Pope. In this place were made decisions that changed the world.
To visit the Vatican on St. Peter's square is worth at least because it is one of the most magnificent structures on the planet, the construction of which took more than 300 years of continuous operation. The area is a circle with a giant monument in the center. It is surrounded by tall colonnade kilometer long. In front of the main square is the Patriarchal Basilica with a huge dome.
Many travelers have heard about the Castel Sant'angelo, but seeing it in person, you are very surprised – why such a name? Grim and impregnable fortress was originally the residence of the Imperial house of Hadrian, but at some point it began to bury all subsequent Roman emperors, so this place has become a tomb. At the fall of the Empire and the barbarian invasions, this funerary complex was part of the defense system of the city.
In the 6th century ad, in the early middle ages in Europe was raging epidemic of plague that swept Rome. To stop this awful malady Pope Gregory I the Great, together with a procession and cardinals passed through the city. As they walked along the castle, he saw on the roof of the fortress of the Archangel Michael with a flaming sword. The angel put the sword back in its sheath and disappeared, telling that the prayers of believers were answered.
In the future, the site of the tomb was a prison and military Fort. Now here organized a military historical Museum with many exhibits.
This is one of the most elaborate and largest buildings of antiquity, this monument to Roman engineering, which is located near Piazza Navona. It is a huge building with a dome, which was conceived as a temple of all gods. It is noteworthy that the first version of this building was destroyed in a fire in 80 ad after 80 years in its place raised yet more pompous and magnificent building.
Before entering, you can read the inscription in Latin: "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, who was elected Consul the third time, built this".
Up to 609 years the area remained a pagan temple, until then, until it was consecrated as a Christian Church, which survived until today. Inside the building are buried many of the great figures of Italy.
How to get around Rome
The best way to travel in European cities is the public transport: metro, trams, trolleybuses and buses, which cover all areas of the city. However, the cost of fares was unpleasantly surprised by Russian tourists, but, nevertheless, it is not as big as the price for taxi services or car rental services in Rome.
Alternatively, you can hire day English-speaking guide, who will accompany the traveler on personal or public transport. How to do it, – explained in detail on this website.
Where to eat
The only difficulty snack in Rome is huge selection of all sorts of catering establishments. Choice in where to go – a restaurant, cafe, food court or fast food belongs exclusively to the traveler, and depends on its financial capabilities, preferences and available time.
If you take a tour of the city with a guide, he can tell the cheapest and high-quality dining, cafe with tasty desserts or gourmet restaurants with delicious recipes that are famous all over Rome and Italy. Also no one will blame the tourist for what he buys to eat in the nearest supermarket or petrol station.