January 30 famous Soviet film director Leonid Gaidai would be executed in '91. He entered the history of national cinema as the creator of the exhilarating comedies, many of which have become classics of the genre. On the birthday of the eminent director would like to recall the most interesting facts about the audience's favorite film Gaidai.
"Operation" Y "and other adventures Shurik»
In 1965, rolling out comedy "Operation" Y "and other adventures Shurik." This film was shot in four cities: Moscow, Leningrad, Baku and Odessa. Before the start of shooting the script, according to tradition, took place the statement "at the top". Censors ideologues were not given permission to start the process, until the protagonist is named Vlad. As a result, Leonid Gaidai agreed to rename the student, calling him Shurik.
It is known that this role tried a lot of artists. Among them were Vitaly Solomin, Yevgeny Petrosyan, Sergei Nikonenko, Yevgeny Zharikov Alexander Zbruev and Andrei Mironov. Initially, Leonid Gaidai was cast Valery nose, but when he saw the photo of Alexander Demyanenko, realized that he had found the ideal candidate. A spout played a cameo student gambler.
On "Mosfilm" like to remember the story of how Gaidai criticized figure Natalia Selezneva. The young actress was angry at his remark, and as proof of their harmony shot sundress. Interestingly, the operators were given advance team "Action!", So the scene strip happened very naturally. Novella "Obsession" made the director and cameramen to go to lengths to Seleznev, who plays Lida did not seem above Alexander Demyanenko - student Shurik. But the difference in their growth was 10 centimeters. Spectators her and did not notice.
The film "Operation" Y "and other adventures Shurik" was the leader of hire in 1965. Audience love for him is not cool now. Therefore, one of the main characters in the film, Shurik and Lida, to erect a monument in two cities - Moscow and Krasnodar.
"Prisoner of the Caucasus»
This movie could not be born if Leonid Gaidai has not read a note about the bride kidnapped in the Caucasus. The idea of the new comedy directed by Yuri Nikulin shared with whom wanted to see in one of the main roles. However, the artist considered foolish undertaking, because in Soviet times, brides do not steal. To obtain consent, he agreed to a joint Gaidai Nikulin work to improve the script.
Today it is difficult to imagine, but the first comedy of censorship was sent to gather dust in the archives. And only thanks to a happy coincidence, "Prisoner of the Caucasus", "went to the people." One of the first viewers of the film was the Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev, who during the rest expressed a desire to see something new and fun. He was shown a comedy, hinting that it has moments of seditious, defamatory party leaders. In particular, the censors were unhappy with the provocative phrase "And in the neighboring district of the groom stole a member of the party!". But the head of state appreciated the humor Gaidai, this was a pass to wide screen.
Filming was hilarious. All team members knew that for every good joke, which will go into comedy, the author will receive a bottle of champagne as a reward. Leonid Gaidai was laid up solid stock the drink.
"The Diamond Arm»
The idea of the script for this comedy Leonid Gaidai also came while reading the newspaper. In "Truth" director I found an article on the fight against the smugglers, who were taken abroad valuables in the cast. As with the "Caucasian captive", invented Gaidai in the film role of Yuri Nikulin. Artist even had to take a six-month vacation in the circus, to embody the director intended. And some began to panic when a rumor that Nikulin died. Culprit "duck" became a hotel maid who discovered fake actor's body covered with a sheet. He prepared for the scene in which Simon Gorbunkov falls out of the trunk "Moskvich", flying in a helicopter. I had to quickly reassure the public and to show a live actor.
Filming took place in Baku and Sochi. The capital of Azerbaijan is temporarily turned into Istanbul. To make the Turkish flavor, local residents involved in the crowd, dressed in a chador. While working on the painting all tried to work as reliably. This was not equal and Andrei Mironov, who at the shooting scene where his character was sinking so hysterically screaming, "Help! Help! Mommy! "That came true rescuers.
We know that the comedy "The Diamond Arm" was the cause of discord between Leonid Gaidai and Svetlana Svetlichnaya. Actress offended by the director for what he has left in the film only one sentence to say to herself: "I'm not guilty, he has come!". Fatal voiced blonde Zoe Tolbuzina.
In 1971, viewers saw a new creation by Leonid Gaidai - comedy "12 chairs". The director was very fond of this work by I. Ilf and E. Petrov, and when he got permission to shoot, the script was ready in just one week.
Wife Gaidai Nina Grebeshkova recalls that he picked up a long time actor for the role of Ostap Bender. At first, it decided to offer to Vladimir Vysotsky, but later chose another candidate - Archil Gomiashvili. But the role of Kisa Vorobyaninov written directly under Sergei Filippov. Actor dreamed about it and was able to bring its work to the final, despite the fact that consistently experienced excruciating headaches. Then Filippov has gone through a successful surgery to remove a brain tumor.
After filming places where working artists cluttered with rumors. For example, there is a site Daryal Gorge mountain from which the plot of his father Fyodor performed by Mikhail Pugovkina asked him to withdraw. There is quite an impressive height - 50 meters. The actor did not dare go up there, so have built a mock-up of the mountain. But local residents and still say that one of the mountain episodes of "12 chairs" filmed in this place.
By the way, Michael Pugovkin, who played the role of a priest, agreed to it only after the words of his mother, who suggested that the character of Father Fyodor not making fun of religion, and a man who has forgotten about his mission and driven only thinking about profit.
About the film "12 chairs" is known, and the fact that the director wanted to use as props real chairs wizard Gambs. It was possible to find only one of them, but the owner did not agree to its rarity sell. As a result, it was necessary to create an exact copy. Chairs ordered abroad - in the Soviet Union there were no artists who have managed to recreate a masterpiece of furniture.
"Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation»
1973. Again admirers Leonid Gaidai tend to theaters to see his new comedy "Ivan Vasilievich". It is interesting that it, like the earlier film director, were also complaints from the censors. Gaidai had to change the sentence of the king of the place of residence. At first, it sounded like "Moscow Kremlin". As a result, after criticism, John V. asked the policeman replied that he lives in the wards.
To work on the film attracted and design office that his experts have developed a time machine. Engineers nafantazirovali such that Gaidai rejected the project. Too difficult was their creation - and in fact the hero of Alexander Demyanenko invented a time machine alone. Therefore, its design booked wood sculptor Vyacheslav Pochechuyev. They invented the machine and went into the movie.
A distinctive feature of the time was the use of this food in the film. Typically, natural products was replaced by fake. But Leonid Gaidai for plausible pictures decided to break the rule. As a result, estimates of the filming of the episode with the royal feast was huge money in those days - 200 rubles. For the sake of credibility and proposed director Vladimir Etush played a role robbed dentist Shpak, play monologue near a police dog. Fans of comedy will recall that at the time of transfer of the stolen good actor voice trembling. Outwardly, it looks like indignation at the actions of robbers, but in fact Vladimir Etush feared that the dog can throw at him.
Comedy "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation" is known not only in our country. Under the title "Ivan Vasilievich: Back to the Future" movie took place in the US box office. How popular he was there - not a simple question, because almost all the jokes related to the domestic mentality. Maybe that's why comedy Leonid Gaidai such favorite ?!
Favorite director, a comedy that has grown more than one generation !!!
And I'm sure what else to grow more than one !!!
But these good and such beloved film by Leonid Gaidai wants to watch ALWAYS !!!