After World War II, the Soviet military industry set a global challenge - providing the army with modern military equipment, capable of withstanding the strongest opponents to exceed them. In many Soviet design bureaus work started on the development of new tanks, aircraft, ships ... One hundred KB was CDB-18, where he developed an entirely new type of submarines, called Project-613. In 1950, had been launched the first ship of the new project, which has become the most popular type of attack submarines in the postwar history of the USSR. Total from 1951 to 1958 was built 215 submarines of this project in the USSR, and 21 - in China.
Marine C-189 Project 613 was laid at the Baltic Shipyard March 31, 1954 and launched on September 4. In addition to military campaigns, she participated in the testing of new types of weapons at the site of Lake Ladoga. Until 1988 it passed a diving school thousands of sailors, sergeants and officers. After serving almost 35 years, was decommissioned in 1990 and later, in 1999, sank in the harbor of the port Merchant Kronstadt, lost at the pier on the ground due to the loss of buoyancy. In 2005, at the expense of a businessman and a former submariner Andrew Artyushina submarine was raised and placed in the dock at Kanonersky factory where gained a rebirth. After the repair and restoration of the interiors at its base was created a private museum, which opened March 18, 2010 at the Lieutenant Schmidt quay in St. Petersburg.
In 1942, the designers of CDB-18 began to work on the draft of the new medium of the submarine, designed to replace the boats of the "Pike". The project has received the number 608, the chief engineer was appointed VN Peregoudov. In 1944, both projects were submitted to the Office of shipbuilding, but did not receive support from the non-fulfillment of the requirements for armament and range. July 30, 1944 in the Gulf was sunk by a German submarine U-250 Type VIIC. Sunken at a depth of 27 meters boat in October raised and towed to Kronstadt. The People's Commissar of the Navy NG Kuznetsov in January 1945 issued an order according to which stopped work on the project 608, and begins to create a project 613, which must be founded on the design of the German boat, but with a slight increase in tonnage from 770 to 800 tons . After the war, Soviet specialists familiar with the unfinished German "elektrolodkami" type XXI, who had been captured in the shipyards of Danzig. In the spring of 1946 in the UK were obtained four unfinished boat type XXI. The result of sea trials of these ships was a complete change of the terms of reference for the project 613 in August 1946, and the type XXI was used as the basis of a new draft of the main post-war Soviet submarine. Draft project was completed in October 1947, working drawings were prepared by August 1948. Construction of submarines of Project 613 was conducted from 1950 to 1957. Annual production reached 73 units.
Controlling cameras dive
Project 613 has a double-hulled design. Welded robust housing with an external placement of the frames is divided by watertight bulkheads 7 compartments - 2 torpedo residential, 2 rechargeable residential, central post, diesel, Electromotive
Inclinometer. The device is very similar to a normal level of construction.