Submarine S-189 (32 photos)

After World War II, the Soviet military industry set a global challenge - providing the army with modern military equipment, capable of withstanding the strongest opponents to exceed them. In many Soviet design bureaus work started on the development of new tanks, aircraft, ships ... One hundred KB was CDB-18, where he developed an entirely new type of submarines, called Project-613. In 1950, had been launched the first ship of the new project, which has become the most popular type of attack submarines in the postwar history of the USSR. Total from 1951 to 1958 was built 215 submarines of this project in the USSR, and 21 - in China.

Marine C-189 Project 613 was laid at the Baltic Shipyard March 31, 1954 and launched on September 4. In addition to military campaigns, she participated in the testing of new types of weapons at the site of Lake Ladoga. Until 1988 it passed a diving school thousands of sailors, sergeants and officers. After serving almost 35 years, was decommissioned in 1990 and later, in 1999, sank in the harbor of the port Merchant Kronstadt, lost at the pier on the ground due to the loss of buoyancy. In 2005, at the expense of a businessman and a former submariner Andrew Artyushina submarine was raised and placed in the dock at Kanonersky factory where gained a rebirth. After the repair and restoration of the interiors at its base was created a private museum, which opened March 18, 2010 at the Lieutenant Schmidt quay in St. Petersburg.

In 1942, the designers of CDB-18 began to work on the draft of the new medium of the submarine, designed to replace the boats of the "Pike". The project has received the number 608, the chief engineer was appointed VN Peregoudov. In 1944, both projects were submitted to the Office of shipbuilding, but did not receive support from the non-fulfillment of the requirements for armament and range. July 30, 1944 in the Gulf was sunk by a German submarine U-250 Type VIIC. Sunken at a depth of 27 meters boat in October raised and towed to Kronstadt. The People's Commissar of the Navy NG Kuznetsov in January 1945 issued an order according to which stopped work on the project 608, and begins to create a project 613, which must be founded on the design of the German boat, but with a slight increase in tonnage from 770 to 800 tons . After the war, Soviet specialists familiar with the unfinished German "elektrolodkami" type XXI, who had been captured in the shipyards of Danzig. In the spring of 1946 in the UK were obtained four unfinished boat type XXI. The result of sea trials of these ships was a complete change of the terms of reference for the project 613 in August 1946, and the type XXI was used as the basis of a new draft of the main post-war Soviet submarine. Draft project was completed in October 1947, working drawings were prepared by August 1948. Construction of submarines of Project 613 was conducted from 1950 to 1957. Annual production reached 73 units.

Controlling cameras dive

Project 613 has a double-hulled design. Welded robust housing with an external placement of the frames is divided by watertight bulkheads 7 compartments - 2 torpedo residential, 2 rechargeable residential, central post, diesel, Electromotive

Inclinometer. The device is very similar to a normal level of construction.

Further development of the project was the project 633 613 such boats were built already considerably less - only 20 ...

Descent, or if I may say so, "main entrance" into a submarine

Immediately from the entrance we find ourselves in the fourth section, which is the battery. I must say that each of the compartments of any submarine has a lot more purpose, what may appear to be based on its name. Thus, in the 4th (battery) battery compartment located 112 46SU (below deck in the battery well), galley, mess room and cabins warrant electrocompressors, high pressure air cylinders, etc.

In the galley there is even stocks of dried roach ...


The inner space in a submarine is very limited and the tall man in here quite uncomfortable. It is for this reason that the museum many pipes and communication at the level of the head covered with colorful soft mats. And it is not in vain ... I also had a

Go to the fifth compartment - diesel.

In the diesel compartment are 2 diesel engine control devices and systems maintenance; fuel tank, 2 diesel compressor and ship fans.

The basis of the power plant were two-stroke diesel engine model 37D. In the cruise position they are dispersed to a maximum speed boat 18, 25 assembly. Economic surface speed was 10.8 knots. Fuel reserve enough for 8580 miles at 10 knots or 13,000 miles at 8 knots. In addition, the boat has two main motor model PG-101, had 1350 liters capacity. p. and provides high-speed full submerged speed of 13, 1 unit, which can be maintained for an hour. Two motor of economic progress model PG-103 had capacity for 50 liters. p. and dispersed the boat under water up to a speed of 1, 97 knots. On the economic motors battery enough for 352 miles of underwater travel.

Narrow passages between the compartments. Each compartment is sealed and optionally can be virtually instantly isolated from the others. It worked and traveled 54 (!!!) crew members of the boat

Sixth compartment - Electromotive while being residential. There are 2 main propulsion motors with the main undercarriage stations, two electric motors of economic progress, volumetric fire station and 6 beds suspended personnel

What boat are very much - it's different valves.

The seventh section - torpedo stern and at the same time living. There are 2 torpedo tubes with fire control devices, manual actuators control the vertical and horizontal stern rudders, hydraulic pump unit, bilge pump and 6 hanging beds. There is also an escape hatch

Inside the torpedo. Torpedoes boats were 6 torpedo tubes 533 mm 4 bow and 2 stern. For nasal devices in one compartment on racks stored 6 spare torpedoes. Instead of 10 bow torpedo boat could take 20 minutes, such as AMD-1000: two mines in each unit and 12 minutes on the shelves. Torpedo firing was carried out at depths up to 30 meters.


The bulkhead between the compartments

Project 613 has a double-hulled design. Welded robust housing with an external placement of the frames is divided by watertight bulkheads 7 compartments - 2 torpedo residential, 2 rechargeable residential, central post, diesel, Electromotive

In the forward torpedo room (ground) are four torpedo tubes with fire control devices. Here foam fire fighting station, drives nasal hydroplanes, torpedopogruzochny hatch, shelving with spare torpedoes and 16 suspended beds.

Beds are located directly above the torpedoes.

Control devices rudders

The second section - the battery and at the same time living. Here are arranged in addition to another 112 batteries wardroom officers and cabins, logging and radio osnaz and high pressure air cylinders.

Radio room. Complex electronic equipment Project 613 during construction and operation changed repeatedly. Submarines received radar detection of surface targets "Flag". Sonar "Tameer-5L" and shumopelengovaniya station "Mars-24KIG" (later replaced by "Phoenix") provides for detection purposes submerged.

The third section - the central post (or main command post). Here are arranged cutting underwater acoustics and radiometry, Mate en closure, periscope assemblies of control rate, depth, diving and surfacing, gyrocompass, firing torpedo tube, lifting masts of the mast, the main bilge pump, artpogreb, storage for provisions, latrine and lower conning-tower hatch

Ship Clock. They are a little different from our usual - here the scale consists of 24 hours instead of 12 ...

Mate en closure. Here there is plotting submarine

Endless blue and red valves




See also

New and interesting