Arts and Crafts Museum is one of the oldest technical museums in Europe. Its exposure is incredibly interesting, and at the same time very informative.
Everyone knows France mostly by famous attractions such as the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, the Arc de Triomphe, Versailles, etc. But few people know about the Paris Museum of Arts and Crafts, which opens up to its visitors a lot of new and exciting exhibits.
Museum of Arts and Crafts, located in the French capital, has the full right to be called the oldest technical museum in the world. Presented in it exhibits tell visitors about how to develop a European science and technology from the 16th to the 20th century, covering almost all the areas that have been made discoveries and inventions - from weaving to photography. A >
General information about the Museum of Arts and Crafts
In fact, the name of the museum, located in the French capital, is not entirely accurate. It does not display are works of art and masterpieces of art. Exhibits - the achievements of science and technology to help us cope with everyday life, facilitate it and make it more diverse. In short, the Polytechnic Museum.
Museum of art and crafts can be considered a small town, because the building is great, and to just see all the exhibits, not stopping to read the labels and their detailed consideration, the need half an hour. And in order to consciously see the best specimens of science and technology, it is necessary to allocate a whole day, or even more.
A familiarity with the museum and the anticipation of a successful visit begins in the subway station Arts et Metiers (if you are, of course, come to the museum by subway). When you exit the train, do not rush to search the museum. We must look, then you will see the oval wall with copper plating on the thick riveted, neon lights and large portholes, and right in the center of the room under the ceiling - the huge gear. One gets the impression that at you the water column, and you - the hero of Jules Verne's works "Nautilus».
When you move away from the light of surprise attack (definitely positive), then you realize that the museum is located directly above the subway, in the heart of Paris. Tour one of the most famous landmarks of France will be the most interesting to the people who have a good command (not on a conversational level), French. All information about the exhibits is the official language of France, only plaques with their names are duplicated in English.
And now a little about the history of the creation of the museum
Few people know that the museum has opened under Napoleon Bonaparte (during the French Revolution). In 1794, Abbot Henri Gregoire proposed project of the National Convention of the Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, the purpose of which will be "study and preservation of machines, tools, drawings, models, books, and various documents of all existing arts and crafts." The approved Convent Conservatory immediately becomes the new mistress of the set confiscated during the revolution of private technical collections. After a long search for the new premises of the museum, in 1798 the collection of the Conservatory stands the church premises of Saint-Martin-de-Shan.
The Church of Saint-Martin-de-Shang built on the site of the old church of the Merovingian era. Legend has it that this church was destroyed during the invasion of the Normans. Exact confirmation of this is not, but it is known that in the middle of the XI century Henry I manages to rebuild this place "a second church." Built in 1059-1060 years of the church goes into 1076 under the jurisdiction of the Order of Cluny.
Suffered during the revolution, the church building required substantial repairs, the museum first opened its doors to the public only in 1802. Since the dawn of the museum one of the principles it has become interactive - employees of the museum not only shows but also explain to visitors how to work in the museum arrangements. At the same time opens the same name school, a professor who lectures on various fields of engineering and technology, and students have the opportunity to practice the acquired knowledge on display in the museum machines. CNAM Institute still exists today, being one of the most prestigious educational establishments in France and the most popular educational institution for students who combine study with work (evening and correspondence department). Its branches are opened in many cities in France.
In 1830, under the influence of the technological revolution Conservatory reformed. From the museum collection of clean agricultural and weaving machines, replacing them with models and drawings of more modern machinery: steam, forging, papermaking, machinery Parliament for sugar production and many others.
XX Century Museum gave a lot of new topics from the car to the conquest of space. In the 1990s scenography of the museum was completely rebuilt, allowing organically incorporate these topics into the existing rich collection of the museum.
The cultural significance of the Museum
In our modern world, this museum is of great importance for humanity. Firstly, it shows how advanced the scientific progress, starting with the 18-19 centuries. This is irrefutable proof that science is moving forward by leaps and bounds with each passing day. Some visitors who come to the museum for a tour, expect to see paintings sculptures and statues, but after visiting they are a bit disappointed, as there are exhibits of human engineering genius and the arts there can only be attributed, the skill which had an engineer. < br />