Each is preceded by the Olympic Games Olympic Torch Relay, the tradition of 77 years. For the first time it was held in 1936 during the Olympic Games in Berlin. It was a dark period in the international Olympic movement. The idea came up the baton Joseph Goebbels, which for obvious reasons do not try to remember. Officially, only mentions Karl Dim, German politician, writer, theorist and historian of the sports movement as inspiration for the first time to realize the idea of the relay. We will not dwell on this for a long time, there are many more interesting facts. Here they are - the two relative-Russians in 1980 and 2013, the year of birth. They saw each other for 33 years.
Many people believe that during the Relay participants convey the same torch. In fact, it is transferred to the beam and not the torch. Fire "get a light" of each other, after which the previous torch is extinguished. For each of its fixed torchbearers, numbering symbol of the Olympics. If desired, he can get it for permanent storage, that in the modern world called a "buy." But this can only be a torchbearer, ran to the fire. The buyer side it will not work under any circumstances. Sochi torch is 13,120 rubles, which is much cheaper than in London - 495 pounds (almost 26 000 rubles.)
Design and technical equipment torches constantly changing. The first Relay in Berlin, it was the growth of only 27 cm., And weighed 450 grams. By the Lillehammer Games in 1994, has grown to almost one and a half meters. But the most difficult was the Turin at the Winter Games in 2006. Many athletes do not feel too comfortable, carrying 1850 grams symbol of the Olympics.
In the first torches used special combustible pills. In 1968, in Mexico City, located inside the solid fuel torches, contrary to expectations, it was so flammable that during the relay, there were several microexplosions and some torchbearers received minor burns.
For the London Olympics in 1948 have been made of torches two options: one with an aluminum fuel pellets and the other specifically for the final stage of the relay at the stadium of stainless steel. It was burning magnesium, which allows you to see the fire, even in bright daylight. This method is then repeated at the Moscow Olympics. The torch, which basketball player Sergei Belov lit Olympic bowl was not gas and pyrotechnic, that is burning with a bright flame sparkling train. It was very spectacular, but quite dangerous. Belov repeatedly burned during the numerous rehearsals, the opening ceremony.
The most technically imperfect appeared Athens 2004 torch. He was repeatedly blew the wind in the relay and on top of all troubles, the flame goes out directly in the temple of Hera at the solemn transfer of the Olympic flame to the president of the organizing committee of the Athenian games
Twice Olympic Torch Relay Winter Games, I stress - of winter, does not begin in Greece. For the first time in 1952 (Oslo) it lit in the Norwegian town of Morgedal. And repeat it before the Olympics in Lillehammer in 1994. At this time, the Greeks protested, calling the organizers of the Games return to the Norwegian tradition. As a result of the opening of the fire still was taken from Greece and from him lit the torch.
Of course, all countries are competing with each other behind the scenes. As in the methods of delivery of fire, and the length and the number of Relay participants. If to Melbourne in 1956, 3118 runners carried the fire, made the journey length of 20 470km, the Relay "Sochi-2014" will be attended by 14,000 torchbearers already, breaking 65,000 kilometers. The smallest number of participants in the Relay was in 1980 in Lake Placid, ran with the torch 26 men and 26 women, representing all the states of the USA.
Steeper all the fire to the place of games from Europe to America was taken in 1976 (Montreal). Then I'd better quote: "Some of the energy was caught flame sensor and converted into a radio signal that was sent via satellite to Ottawa, which initiated the ignition of a new torch with a laser beam." In another description, it sounds like this: "moved to a laser beam through a space satellite." Russian cosmonauts nervously smoked.
To the competition brought the Olympic flame to ski, supersonic airplanes, boats, horses, motorcycles, helicopters, snowmobiles, reindeer and dog sledding, parachutes, fireballs "Formula 1", gondolas, locomotives and even bungee (bungee jumping). In 2000, the Sydney Olympic flame had to stay for about three minutes under water. And in 1968 torchbearer, hitting a snow storm, crawling on all fours through the pass Puy de Sancy. Swimmer holding the torch above the water at arm's length, then it does not seem something supernatural.
At some point, just not enough Relay. It was decided to hold a round the world Olympic torch relay. It was held before the opening of the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004. The journey lasted 78 days, which was covered with a long distance is 78,000 kilometers and involved 11,300 torchbearers. But because of the protests and riots that accompanied the torch in almost all countries before the Beijing Games in 2009, the IOC decided to stop the international stage. The baton is limited only by the territory of the host country of the Olympics.
The design and equipment of the torch of the Olympics-80, first entrusted to the Japanese company. But the proposed variant of the Soviet officials did not like the job, and Responsibility to entrust the Leningrad Machine-Building Plant. Klimov. And it took only a month. A group of engineers coped with the task of the party, setting a unique record. In the first version, it was decided to use the Canadian model of ignition - Torch on liquid fuel with replaceable head. But then still made a gas torch. Here and emerged an unexpected incident - a gas flame in the sun was completely invisible. Then a torch placed special cord soaked in olive oil. The fire turned to a beautiful pink hue.
There have been vypushena 6200 pieces. The photographs torch number 3 855. On Saturday, November 16 at the auction house Znak place bids where it will be exposed to one of the lots. Basic evaluation - 30,000 rubles.
Weight Moscow Torch 0, 574 kg., Size 56 × 9 cm. The length of the Sochi 94, 5 cm., Maximum width of 14, 5 cm. Well, it weighs 1 638 kg without gas system, it was dismantled after the Relay.
Torch Olympic Torch Relay Sochi 2014 has not yet become antiques, announcement of its sale from 30 to 300 thousand rubles can be easily found on various free services.