We all know the famous artist and one of the most peculiar genius of his time Pablo Picasso. Master's career has had an enormous influence on the development of the art of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. In honor of his 132 birthday suggest you look at a rather interesting facts from the life of a genius.
Newborn Picasso saved smoke from cigars
The birth was difficult, and the child was born so weak that the midwife finds him stillborn. She left it on the table and went to tell her mother the bad news. Rescued the child luck - his uncle, Don Salvador, smoked cigars, and saw the baby lying on the table, let the smoke in his face. Newborn grimaced and went into mourning. If it were not smoking, Pablo Picasso could not be born as a famous artist.
Left: Pablo Picasso, 1886, right: Pablo Picasso with his sister Lola, 1889
The first word was "pencil»
Little Pablo learned to draw before speaking, and his first word was "pencil» (piz, short for lapiz, which in Spanish means "pencil"). When he was 7, his father, an artist and professor of art, taught him drawing. Soon he saw that his son surpasses it in this art, and vowed to give up painting. Entrance exams to art school in Barcelona Picasso passed in one day, while all the others passed their month.
Left: Pablo Picasso at the age of 15, in 1896, right: archival photo of Picasso at the age of 23 years, in 1904
The first drawings
At 9 years old Picasso painted his first finished drawing - "Picador» (Le picador), depicting a rider on a horse participating in a bullfight. The first "academic", that is quite an adult now, Pablo finished in 15 years. It is called "First Prchastie» (First Communion), and depicts his father, mother and sister at the altar.
Left: "Picador", right: "First Communion»
Picasso - unbearable pupil
At school, where he studied, Pablo often placed in a special detention center - «calaboose» for the disgusting attitude towards teachers. It was a room with white walls and a bench to sit and reflect on their behavior. Future artist has used this "limbo" for drawing, where no one was distracting. According to the artist, he would never get out of this room, and draw, draw.
Modigliani, Picasso and André Salmon in front of the Rotunda Café, Paris, 1916
Passion for women.
None of the great artists were not so many novels and loved ones, how many were Pablo Picasso. Women needed him like air, they kept the fire of his talent.
Pablo Picasso, his first love Fernande Olivier and Hakini Reventos, Barcelona, 1906
Picasso and his first wife, the ballerina Olga Khokhlova, against the background of the poster of the ballet Parade, 1917
Picasso met Marie-Therese Walter in the Galeries Lafayette in Paris. It became a model for his painting Le Rêve - «Dream" or "Dream", one of the most famous masterpieces by Picasso. The picture was painted in one day.
In 2006, the casino owner Steve Wynn has agreed to sell the painting for $ 139 million, but inadvertently pushing the canvas with his elbow before the transaction was completed.
Left: Marie-Therese Walter with a dog of his mother, 1932
When Picasso met with Francoise Gilot, she was 21, and he was - for forty years more. She was the only woman who left him herself, went to live: to become a famous artist, to raise children.
Left: Picasso and Francoise Gilot, in 1941, right: their two children, Claude and Paloma Picasso, 1951
Picasso and his second wife, Jacqueline Roque, dancing in front of the painting "Bathers", 1957
The most expensive painting
"Boy with a Pipe." Sold for $ 104 million, 4 May 2004
The picture was painted at the hostel Le Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre 24-year-old Picasso, in the so-called "pink period" of his work. It depicts an unknown boy with a pipe in his left hand and with a crown of roses on his head.
Picasso invented Cubism
Left: "Guitarist", in 1910, Picasso painting in the style of cubism, right: "Portrait of Dora Maar" 1938
In 1909, Pablo Picasso and French artist Georges Braque (Georges Braque) invented a new direction in art, known as Cubism. More specifically, it came up with the French critic Louis Vaucelles (Louis Vauxcelles), who first named the product "strange cubes» (bizarre cubiques), or Cubism, noting that the work of Picasso's "full of little cubes."
Picasso - not only an artist
Although the fame he received for his paintings, Picasso experimented with sculpture, ceramics, graphics. He even designed the curtain, the sets and costumes for several ballets. Picasso wrote poetry and was the author of two plays.
Sculpture "Chicago Picasso", made in 1967
Not exactly his car, but the car is his style. Mechanic Andy Saunders (Andy Saunders) from Dorset, England, spent six months on the tuning of his old Citroen 2CV in the style of "cubism". Sanders calls the car "Citroen Picasso».
Once on the local market to Pablo Picasso woman came up and handed him a piece of paper.
- Mr. Picasso, - she said excitedly, - I am your big fan. Could you draw something for me?
Picasso gladly agreed and quickly captured on this piece of his artwork. With a smile, he returned to the woman and said sheet:
- It will cost a million dollars.
- But Mr. Picasso, - said the woman in amazement - you spent some 30 seconds to paint this miniature masterpiece!
- A good woman - grinned back Picasso - I spent 30 years to paint a masterpiece in 30 seconds.