28 Iyar (May 22) Israel celebrates 42nd anniversary of the victory in the Six Day War. This war, which ended in total defeat of the armies of seven Arab countries that supported and armed the Soviet Union, was a turning point in the history of the State of Israel, and had a significant impact on the course of events in the world over the next decades.
The Six Day War of 1967. Israeli tankers
Exploration Golani Brigade
Events leading up to the war, developed rapidly. Arab countries, believed in his great numerical superiority and received arms from the Soviet Union in the tens of billions of dollars in earnest hope with the support of the Soviet Union to destroy the Jewish state. USSR openly provoke the Arabs to unleash aggression against Israel, hoping thus to establish its hegemony over the strategically important Middle East.
The turning point on the way to the Six Day War took place 11 May 1967. when Russian representatives handed over to the Egyptians fabricated in Moscow for allegedly preparing a fake Israeli large-scale war. The Russian fabricated "documents" to assert that IDF troops concentrated on the northern border with the aim of overthrowing the ruling regime in Syria.
The Israeli government immediately denied this fake provocative, proposing to the Soviet ambassador in Israel to see for myself the lack of Israeli troops on the Syrian border. However, the Soviet ambassador D. Chuvakin rejected the proposal.
Eugene Pyrlin, in those days the head of the Egyptian department of the Soviet Foreign Ministry, later explained the Soviet action: "We then thought that even if our party - the Egyptians - will not win the war will give us the political benefits, because the Egyptians demonstrate their ability to fight with our weapons and our military and political support ».
The Arabs used the fake Russian as a basis for the transfer of Egyptian troops in the Sinai Peninsula, which Egypt gave direct access to the Israeli border, and, last but not least - to the Straits of Tiran, leading to the Israeli port of Eilat.
This was a flagrant violation of the UN resolutions, announce the Sinai Peninsula demilitarized zone in which the units were placed only UN forces.
Egypt demanded the withdrawal of UN forces from the Sinai, which was immediately executed under Soviet pressure on the UN Security Council: UN Secretary-General U Thant was suddenly ordered to remove UN forces from Sinai, thus opening the way to the Arab armies to the borders of Israel.
In fact, Russian strongly encouraged Arabs to unleash a "hot" war against Israel.
May 14 columns of the Egyptian infantry and armored vehicles crossed the Suez Canal and occupied the Sinai Peninsula, blocking the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping. This was an unprovoked act of war announcements Israel.
The UN began feverish consultations, but the Russian representative Nikolai Fedorenko opposed any proposal to lift the blockade. His Canadian and Danish colleagues directly stated Mr. Fedorenko: "One gets the uneasy feeling that the Soviet Union is a game that allows the escalation of the crisis in order to force Israel to act". Soviet Ambassador in Israel Chuvakin in conversations with colleagues predicted the sad fate that awaits the Jewish state.
May 17 followed by a new act of aggression - two Russian MiG Egyptian identification marks flew over Israeli territory - from the east (Jordan) to the west. Their flight was exactly over the Israeli nuclear center at Dimona.
Spy satellites, as well as conventional Soviet intelligence supplied accurate data about the object in Dimona. In light of the fact that the intelligence cooperation between the USSR and Egypt in those years was very close, it is obvious that the Soviet Union gave Egypt the information about the Israeli reactor.
In Moscow, frantically looking for ways to destroy the Israeli nuclear center -perfect "excessive", according to the Soviet rukovodstva.Byvshy head of the Middle East department of the Foreign Ministry, Ambassador at Large Oleg Grinevskiy in an interview, said: "Our investigation is still in the mid-60s possessed reliable information regarding the Israeli nuclear capabilities. There is information that one of the reasons for the outbreak of the Six Day War, Egypt was to strike at Israel before the country will be able to use nuclear weapons. In Egypt, the military plans to Dimona was listed as one of the main objectives ».
May 22 Nasser closed the Tiran to Israeli shipping in the Red Sea Strait that Israel is a "casus belli».
May 26, Egyptian President said "if war breaks out, it will be total and its purpose is the destruction of Israel».
Arabs and Russian already anticipating his victory and massacre of Israelis. By unit, led by Egypt, the Soviet Union was followed by one by one joined Arab countries to send their troops to fight with Israel, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Morocco. May 30 to this unit joined Jordan.
The Arab countries have deployed along Israel's borders, hundreds of thousands of well-equipped troops, 700 combat aircraft and about 2,000 tanks.
USSR concentrated in the Mediterranean Sea for more than 30 surface ships and 10 submarines, including nuclear. Each of the more than 30 Soviet ships were formed assault groups, which according to the plans of the Soviet command had landed on the coast of Israel ...
Now, Israel was surrounded with armies of militant Arab countries and the Soviet Union, ready to strike at the Jewish state.
In Israel, clearly aware of the impending threat. The war on three fronts to become a reality. Only in one of Tel Aviv's expected up to 10 thousand victims of the bombing, under the cemetery were consecrated city squares and parks.
May 23 in the country began a general mobilization: the army was mobilized about 220 thousand people, organized into 21 brigade - 5 armored, mechanized 4, 3 airborne infantry and 9.
Israeli paratroopers. 1967.