"Deceitful historians should be executed as counterfeiters»
This article provides an analysis of the major false myths about the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, as well as some war-related events that occurred prior to its beginning or after its completion.
The article discusses the myths and theories, specifically invented russophobes or resulting from illiterate reasoning people who do not know or are trying to denigrate the history of Russia and the USSR.
The article does not address people's myths about the war, which are not vilified, and only a few distort or exaggerate the events. Also in the article does not discuss conspiracy theories, hypotheses about the secret backroom games and other speculation and alternative interpretations of events, documents which are classified as "secret."
The myth of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
One of the most common is proplachenny West myth of the so-called Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, or more precisely, about the reasons for signing the treaty. Allegedly, if Stalin was so afraid of Hitler, he wanted to become his ally and to help in the war against Europe, and that as a result of the signing of the contract were disadvantageous for the USSR.
In fact, the signing of the pact was a political victory for the Soviet Union. Without any material or human losses the Soviet Union could:
- Postpone the start of the war, which gave time to prepare the army and strengthening defense;
- Destroy the plans of the Japanese strike on the Soviet Union the second front, which they did their best to achieve - the signing of the pact forced them to ask for a truce on Khalkhin-;
- To get into the sphere of their interests independent Baltic states, and then attach it while avoiding counter and West Germany;
- Attach the Western Ukraine and Western Belarus - entry into the Soviet Union the new western territories has significantly increased the way the German tanks to the key cities of the USSR (the average in the borders of the USSR moved away to the west of 600 km);
- To prevent the creation of a coalition in Germany and Europe against the Soviet Union, which subsequently led Hitler to fight on two fronts.
Myth: The Soviet Union attacked Poland weak, thereby supporting the Third Reich
USSR actually spent military campaign against Poland in September 1939, dividing its territory to Germany. But this event is interpreted by many completely wrong.
Plans for the German attack on Poland and the possible reactions of the USSR
After the war at the Nuremberg trials it was found that 11 April 1939, long before the signing of a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union, Hitler approved the "White Plan" the attack on Poland, and on April 3 outlined his date - "no later than 01/09/1939 Thus, the initiative of the war and the beginning of the invasion of Poland did not belong to the Soviet Union and to implement a plan of attack, regardless of the intended position of the USSR.
Before the Soviet Union had a choice between complete non-interference, attempts to support Poland or taking part in her next section. Non-intervention was apparently the most unfavorable one - to give the whole of Poland over Germany would be closer to the Soviet industrial centers and excessive force hostile to the Communists and Russian 3rd Reich, which would continue to attack the Soviet Union in a coalition with other European countries. And the Soviet Union could not just give the Nazis the inhabitants of the Western Ukraine and Belarus.
The reluctance to cooperate with the USSR Poland
On the question, what prevented the Soviet Union supported Poland in the war with Germany, the answer is simple: Poland simply did not want to support the Soviet Union. Furthermore, less than a year before the Polish campaign of Poland itself was not averse to be on the side of Germany in the future war with the USSR.
From the conversation counselor of the German Embassy in Poland R. Shelii vice-director of the Political Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland M. Kobylyanskim:
"If the Carpathian Rus depart for Hungary, then Poland will agree later to side with Germany in the march on the Soviet Ukraine.»
From the conversation counselor of the German Embassy in Poland R. Shelii with Polish envoy in Iran J. Karsh-Sedlevskim of December 28, 1938 .:
"For Poland better before the conflict most definitely be on the side of Germany, as the territorial interests of Poland to the west and the political goals of Poland in the east, especially in Ukraine, can be provided only by advance made by the Polish-German agreement. He Karshi-Sedlevsky, subordinate its activities as the Polish envoy to Tehran to this great eastern concept, as necessary, in the end, convince and encourage also the Persians and Afghans play an active role in a future war against the Soviets. »
From the talk of the German Foreign Minister Ribbentrop, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland Yu Beck on January 26, 1939 .:
"Mr. Beck made no secret that Poland claims to Soviet Ukraine and the exit to the Black Sea.»
In 1938, Poland did not allow Soviet troops to come to the aid of Czechoslovakia, when the Hitler annexed. Moreover, for this, after the seizure of Czechoslovakia, Hitler allowed the annex part of the territory of Poland, Czechoslovakia (Cieszyn region).
Poland refused to accept Soviet aid even in August 1939, when a military clash between the 3rd Reich and Poland became virtually inevitable.
So, on August 19, the Polish army, Marshal Edward Rydz-Ridz said proudly:
"Regardless of the consequences, not one inch of Polish territory will never be allowed to take the Russian forces.»
Note that at the time the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact has not yet been signed with the Soviet Union and Germany were enemies, but the option of Soviet aid Poland was not considered.