China is the world's largest producer and consumer of coal, providing almost half of the world market. But he is approaching the point of abrupt and radical changes.
Currently, thermal coal (cheap coal rank for thermal power plants) already provides less than 80% produced in China energy. According to the forecasts of peak coal consumption will be achieved between 2015 and 2030. From this moment potentially unclaimed will be up to 40% of coal generating capacity.
Reasons for decline — the slowdown in GDP growth and reduced energy intensity of industries; strategic responses to air pollution and shortage of drinking water; payment for carbon emissions; significant growth in technologies for producing electricity from renewable sources. All these factors reduce the attractiveness of coal as a fuel.
Now China ranks second in the world in terms of wind-generated electricity, and to increase the share of renewable energy in total production to 15% is the task's current five-year plan.