We believe that environmental education in our time should be focused primarily on familiarity with the medicinal power of plants. This will allow many to understand why it is necessary to preserve nature and in particular plants, not to destroy them unnecessarily. Tsetrariya Icelandic, Icelandic moss — a perennial leaf-a bushy lichen.
Attaches and grows on trees, stumps, soil with rhizoids. Grows on open sandy areas in pine woods, on bogs, but always far away from industrial pollution. The presence of Icelandic moss on the trees or soil is a measure of the purity of the environment.
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In medicine Cetraria introduced Bora in 1671 called the pulmonary, or Iceland moss. At the time tsetrariya won an honorable place among food products in Iceland. The local population added to the plant to bread, which is preferred to other varieties of this product. It was noticed that despite a General weakness in the body good to eat jellies made from tsetrarii. Thallus tsetrarii contains 70-80% carbohydrates in the form of lichen starch lyenina (up to 64%), which is the basis for the formation of jelly.
For receipt it is necessary to take 100 g of lichen, pour 1 liter of water, insist 2-3 hours, add 10 g of baking soda. Then the water should be drained and again pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, cook for 30 minutes, and then strain through cheesecloth and cool. The resulting jelly is eaten, without limitation, dry cough, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and to improve appetite.
Antitussive, antiemetic, enveloping the action of Iceland moss due to the presence of polysaccharides. Mucous substances acting protectively on mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, so apply with bronchitis with severe cough, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, chronic bronchial Qatar. The tsetrarii action of mucus on the mucosa of the digestive tract in gastrointestinal diseasescontributes to the stabilization of excretory function of the glands of gastric hyperacidity gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, diarrhea, and weakening retching in early toxemia of pregnancy.
Biologically active substances, in particular iridoids - tetralin (2-3%), and lichen acids — fumaric fumarodinitrile and provide a stimulating effect on the gastric mucosa, increasing the secretion of gastric juice. Moreover, the action of these substances, although slow, but steady and most importantly — long. Therefore Iceland moss helps to improve digestion, restore energy after physical overload and serious diseases, helps in the treatment of dystrophy, muscle weakness.
Lichen acid slightly soluble in water, but they represent the greatest value in the Icelandic moss. Deserves special attention usnic acid, it has a strong antibacterial action against staphylococci, streptococci, subtilis, bacteria, mycobacteria.
The presence of tannins (1-2%) is associated with the astringent and antibacterial effects in inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes, burns and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (ulcers, gastritis), and also as an astringent in cases of poisoning by heavy metals and plant toxins. A wide range of trace elements (Fe, Mn, Cu, Co, Mo, B, Cr, Ni, Ti, I) and vitamins A, B1, B12 contributes to the treatment of endocrine diseases, especially in case of insufficiency of thyroid function. They are also essential for growth and hematopoiesis.
I would like to emphasize an undeniable value in folk medicine, Iceland moss in the treatment of prostatitis and hemorrhoid. Hemorrhoid treatment, especially in its severe forms, with Icelandic moss is an indication that the biologically active lichen substances help to strengthen blood vessels, and also have a hemostatic effect. This plant can be used in other diseases related to vascular system and in the treatment of internal bleeding.
From this point of view we can safely say that the healing power of Iceland moss is not fully understood. However, opportunities for the use of this plant we have a fairly large. Researchers plant resources specifically point to the large reserves in many areas and regions of our country. An important motive wide application tsetrarii is discovered the fact she had no side and toxic effects.
Pacific Institute of Bioorganic chemistry, far Eastern branch of RAS developed a method of producing the drug Tetris from moss Tsetrariya Icelandic. The high ability of this drug to dissolve the seals in the mammary glands when used for treatment of mastitis in women.
In folk medicine, particularly effective use of Iceland moss in training camp. Their composition includes such plants as sage, peppermint, mother-and-stepmother, thyme, horsetail, calamus, Highlander bird and snake, nettle leaf, licorice root. Use fees increases the effect of each component and thereby improves the pharmacodynamics of the drug. Good luck, and stay healthy. published