Most of us just adores mysteries, riddles and legends. And Baikal is just a storehouse of such stories. Many of the local myths bordering on madness, but some of them can be explained scientifically. 1. Mirages
The locals are not times in your life have faced, going out on boats to fish, with realistic drawings depicting that there was not to be. The most common Mirage — castles, ancient court and of the island. Scientists explain this phenomenon is simple: the deep waters of the lake never warms up, stays cool even in the hot summer, and the air above the surface warm, which creates resonance.
Different density layers of air refract the sun's rays, which formed pictures. Locals call them "golemanite". This phenomenon on the lake, where on the horizon it is possible to consider the items, in fact, located at a distance of 40 kilometers.
Baikal ice presents scientists with many mysteries. So, in the 1930-ies specialists of the Baikal Limnological station has detected unusual forms of ice cover, characteristic only for Baikal.
For example, hills — cone-shaped ice hills up to 6 m, hollow inside. They resemble ice tents, "open" in the opposite direction from the shore side. Hills can be placed separately, and sometimes form miniature "mountain ranges".
The island of Olkhon, there are not only a Mirage but a terrible vortex, which is formed spontaneously, regardless of weather conditions. To see it, you need to move in a South-easterly direction from the island, about 30 kilometers away is a place called devil's funnel. A couple times a year here with complete calm begins to run amok element, forming a rotating column of water.
Scientists propose several versions of the causes of the phenomenon. One of them is based on the assumption that the local failure of the bottom of lake Baikal with the formation of quickly water-filled cavities, which leads to the formation of vortex on the surface.
According to another theory, in place of formation of the crater there is a collision of two local counter-currents. The direction and the strength of these currents depends on the time of year and the weather, so that under certain conditions the streams of water are moving strongly towards each other. This interaction counter-currents may indeed lead to a very powerful whirlpools.
4. The witch's circles
On the way to the salt lake Shara-Nur, 3 kilometers from the Western coast of the island, you can find an interesting phenomenon — the mysterious Olkhon circles. They appear by themselves in the fields, never knew of arable land. No signs of trampling, on the contrary: on the border a perfectly smooth circle occurs strip more juicy and tall grasses — it is especially noticeable on normally dry land. Mysterious crop circles known to the peoples of different countries — they even called it the "witch's circles" because, according to legend, they appear here for the dance of the witches.
While the researchers determined that intensive plant growth in the rings was not attributable to soil or underground water sources.5. Ring on ice
Space images of lake Baikal on the spring ice can sometimes see dark rings with a diameter of 5-7 miles. For the first time this ring was seen on the space image, acquired back in April 1999. The ring was located next to the Cape Krestovsky (near the village of buguldeyka). Presumably, the formation of circles is related to the emissions of natural gas fuel (methane) from many kilometers of sedimentary strata bottom of lake Baikal. Summer in locations from depth to the surface, bubbles rise, and in the winter form "propaine" in diameter from half a meter to hundreds of meters, where the ice is very thin or absent.
6. The dragon's Fang
According to legend, once over the lake was flying a dragon and dropped over the island of Olkhon your canine. Fang fell on the Cape, dug deep into the ground, leaving her distinct mark. Local people believe that it is their talisman. However, scientists believe that the depression formed due to the fall of the cosmic body.
7. Luminous water
The luminescence of Baikal water was discovered leading research fellow of the Irkutsk Institute of physics and technology, Victor Dobrynin in 1982. Studies show that almost any water is a source of light. But, for example, distilled glows weakly. The one from the tap, quickly fades. And the most intense glow — in Baikal.
It can continue for a month. To catch the invisible light beams are used highly sensitive instruments that are created specifically. Also, studies have shown that the emission of water is not uniform and at depth loses its intensity, and its brightness is reduced in the period from November to mid-January. published
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