Currently, human life is often filled with a high nervous tension and numerous stress. Also the rapid pace of life does not allow a person regularly and eat right. Constantly changing the acidity of gastric juice, which leads to the occurrence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. On the first place among diseases of the digestive system is gastritis. So, for many people becoming a pressing issue: how to determine the acidity of the stomach?
The acidity in the stomach is characterized by the concentration of hydrochloric acid, which is measured in pH. The acidity of gastric juice may be normal, low and high. Only in the gastric juice of a healthy person contains 0,4 – 0,5% of hydrochloric acid. An indicator of the normal acidity of the human stomach on an empty stomach is 1.5 to 2.0 pH, minimum acidity in the stomach determines the rate of 0.86 pH and the maximum pH of 8.3.
In medical practice for a long time was held fractional study of gastric acidity. For it resorted to the help of various stimulants. Using special dyes, extracted the gastric juice was subjected to titration. Thus, the acidity was not determined in the stomach, and on the basis of a sample of the resulting fluid. Because fractional (aspirazione-titration) method determination of acidity is considered to be insufficient, currently using intragastric pH study.
Generally practice two methods of determination of acidity of gastric juice. Atos andromania stomach and tubeless method – acidtest in which the figures are determined by the degree of staining of urine. It should be noted that tubeless method mainly detects in urine probasin and to determine the secretory activity of the stomach. Acidtest is usually done in mass studies, or to confirm previously obtained results.
Therefore, the main and more accurate method of determining the pH of gastric juice is sensing. To conduct this research method uses a thick or a thin gastric tube. To study the secretory activity of the gastric thick gastric probe with a diameter of 10 – 12 mm, length up to 75 cm. To determine the acidity of the stomach using a thin probe with a diameter of 3 – 5 mm and a length of 100 – 150 cm.
Many people are afraid or can not tolerate the introduction of foreign objects into the stomach, avoid medical research, therefore, on the basis of individual sensations themselves looking for the answer to the question of how to determine the acidity of the stomach.
Increased acidity is characterized by painful sensations in the stomach, burning, heaviness after eating. This condition may be accompanied by frequent attacks of heartburn, acid regurgitation, persistent constipation. At low pH no appetite, an unpleasant taste of copper in his mouth, in the morning nauseated. Quite often people suffering from low acidity, complain of "rotten" belching, borborygmus, and diarrhea. The complete absence of these symptoms suggests that the person is healthy and has a normal acidity of gastric juice. But if you felt these symptoms, be sure to seek medical attention to the doctor-gastroenterologist.
By the way, there is another common homemade method of determining the acidity of gastric juice, which, however, cannot be considered absolutely reliable. If a person with a cut lemon is not observed discomfort, or he is happy to be fasting drink sour Apple juice without any negative effects, then the acidity is reduced, or perhaps zero. But if there are pain in the stomach, heartburn, nausea, it means that the acidity is increased.
In ancient times, the acidity of the stomach were determined at eating millet porridge with vegetable oil. After eating it a symptom of hyperacidity was heartburn. Of course, these vernacular ancient methods of determination of acidity of gastric juice may seem like an anachronism, although a grain of truth present in them. Still, the true picture of the acidity of the stomach will show only medical research. Be healthy!
P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©
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