To insulate the country is easy, but you need to know, first of all, to fight where the main culprits of heat loss. They're always there, in the most thorough enforcement of building regulations (of course, if your country was not initially insulated during construction). Even if the house has a stove, electric heaters, or even summed up the heating, at high heat, it turns out that is heated in the main street, that is, any heating is extremely inefficient. As well as the cold and dampness spoil the very house design, decoration and furniture.
Heat losses occur in the following areas, and in such proportions: the walls – 40%, roof 20% Windows 15%, Paul 10%, ventilation is also 10 percent. Ventilation, however, easy to adjust – for "winter mode" ventilation grids provided the engine to reduce the ventilation holes. But the ventilation in the house needed, so nothing can be done. Well, with the remaining losses can be successfully fought.The outer insulation.
External insulation of the houses – walls and roof – the most important event since the maximum heat loss is going out. Note – only external insulation. Internal will do nothing but make worse: the house will be damp, because the condensate does go outside, but just inside. The best external insulation is foam or mineral wool of type "ROCKWALL". If we talk about the foam, then plaster it is better to use foam front, and under vinyl or metal siding, and brick can ordinary foam, better the most fat. Mineral wool comes in two different types: wall and floor. Accordingly, it is necessary to use it correctly. In any of these insulators is mounted first, hydro-steam-insulation, and then finish of the facade. So insulation of the country house is that it removed the finish that was (e.g., siding) attached the insulation with a vapor barrier, and finishing material back into place. If the external cladding was not, then it should be installed. The roof is insulated the same as wall. Internal insulation can serve as carpets on the walls. You can also fill the wall plate woven of wool (a typically sold by the meter for making blankets).The design of the house.
Good to have when building a house to provide for such moments: the presence of a veranda and corridor – vestibule (they insulate the house from the street, as the front door opens from the street directly into the living room), and the correct location of the main entrance door. The front door is better not to Orient it in the direction of the prevailing winds you have, and on the North side. The warmth of the house will be blown in the literal sense of the word. But it happens that the door can not be moved. Then insulate it with at least the input vestibule, if a veranda is not provided. Well, already in the vestibule the door position in the other direction. It's easy to build, because the design is small. So you will prevent a fairly large heat loss.Door.
Available in the house doors are insulated with a special tape insulation around the perimeter.Window.
For heat retention is a good idea to install plastic Windows. But wood is easy to insulate. First of all, they must be correctly, without gaps, inserted, and additionally insulated with silicone sealant. Of course, we need double glazing. Well, to further insulate: to sew a long pouch-"sausage" made of beautiful fabric, fill it with cotton or polyester batting and lay along the sill. Between frames you can put a wool, and on it – bunches of Rowan. All this is also a design elements that look amazing in a suburban house.The corners of the house.
During the construction, e.g. timber frame houses, the corners are cold bridges. You need to properly build and provide in the corners of the so-called labyrinth seal. Well, if everything is built, to further insulate the corners are angular built-in furniture, especially from prevailing winds.Floors.
Floors should be done according to the rules – double, with a rough floor and a heater, it is mineral wool and waterproofing. But if there is a slit that blows, to warm the floors have carpets and it is advisable to put carpet in two layers. Very effectively insulate a large number of braided textile mats: they need to lay with an overlap and cover the entire floor.Improving the efficiency of the furnace.
If the house has a wood stove for more efficient heating its better to plaster chamotte. The oven will slowly cool down. If the oven has the hob, it can be the entire niche with a hob temporarily lay refractory bricks (without mortar, just by hand). These bricks will be in addition to take, and then to radiate heat. published