20 amazing facts about the "girl's best friend" - diamonds

diamond value for a long time was not obvious to people. In fact, the active use of them in jewelry, only began with the time when the facet of this amazing technology, superhard stone. < Website publishes a selection of interesting and fascinating facts about diamonds and diamonds was obtained.

The largest diamond was discovered in the constellation of Centaurus at a distance of 50 light years from Earth. Named diamond star was "Lucy" after the song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" group The Beatles. Size «pebble» - $ 10 billion trillion carats Diamonds were first discovered in riverbeds near the ancient Indian fortress of Golconda more than 4000 years ago.. After the diamond production in India declined, these gemstones were found in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mexican scientists said they had found a way to to turn tequila into diamonds. However, the process is quite complex and even on the smallest almazik require a huge amount of tequila. Diamonds - not uncommon. They are extremely expensive due to the fact that there have been on the market in a very limited extent. Diamonds are found in large numbers, even outside of our planet, for example, the collapsing star may form a giant crystal. These diamonds can not be seen on x-ray. This is one way to distinguish them from fake stones. Scientists have recently learned how to create artificial diamonds from the ashes of the cremated dead animals. This process was called LifeGem. These diamonds can be made even of the peanut butter. However, their creation requires sophisticated scientific equipment (as required high pressure and very high temperature). On Jupiter and Saturn sometimes rains from diamonds. That would go there on the weekend! Diamonds and coal are composed of the same elements:. < Carbon In this case, they have different crystal structures. Our planet produces enough diamonds to each inhabitant of the Earth could pour them on the full cup. But the diamond industry is under very strict control. Most diamonds in nature - from one to three billion years old. They were formed billions of years ago in the depths of the earth at a temperature of 900-1300 degrees Celsius. Diamonds are very hard natural substance. < The only thing that can scratch a diamond - another diamond The ancient Hindus inserted diamonds in the eyes of religious statues, and believed that this stone can protect its owner from danger.. < 80% of the world's diamonds are not suitable for the manufacture of jewelry. These are used for industrial purposes, or discarded. By artificial diamonds in laboratories have an identical chemical structure and physical properties as diamonds produced from the earth. Even experts can not tell the difference between them without special equipment and rigorous testing. Diamonds were worn in ancient times as amulets to gain strength, invincibility and courage. Diamond Jewelry has always been a wonderful gift for both men and women. Three leading producer of diamonds in the world: Botswana (24 million carats), Russia (17, 8 million carats) and Canada (10, 9 million carats). The main buyer of high-quality diamonds - United States (40%). Diamond color is usually pale yellow or colorless, but there are also brown, blue, green, orange, red, pink and black diamonds. The word diamond comes from the Greek word "adamas" which means invincible or indestructible. On average, for a finding of one carat diamonds sifted 250 tons of earth. Also need time-consuming process of carefully cut to make a diamond in the diamond.

via www.novate.ru/blogs/010216/34835/


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