25 facts about Syria, "the hottest point of the planet"

Most people know about Syria only that there is a war and the terrorists are hiding. Meanwhile, Syria fascinatingly interesting, because Site decided to tell about it in more detail. < 1. The capital of Damascus - the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. estimates his age vary - from 4,000 to 10,000 years. Ancient it is perhaps only one city - the Palestinian Jericho. In Syria, there is another city with more than 4,000 years of history - Aleppo.

2. In Damascus and Aleppo preserved entire neighborhoods, the houses in which more than 400 years, and some streets are designed in antiquity. Street Direct mentioned in the Bible. In Damascus can be found to strengthen the Roman, Byzantine churches and the old Arab mosque, erected in the ancient temples (such as the minaret of Isa (Jesus) in the ancient temple of Jupiter). The oldest Christian church - underground chapel of St. Ananias (I century).

3. Aleppo (Aleppo second name) - the largest city in the country. Megacities, it is located close to the Turkish border and outnumbered Novosibirsk. In Aleppo, the first president born in Armenia. The second one million - Damascus.

4. Syria is located in the north of the oldest centers of civilization - the Fertile Crescent (Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Levant).

5. From 250 kilometers of its borders to Egypt, 120 in Cyprus, Greece and 700 to 650 to Russia.

6. Syria over Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary and Austria, but less than in Belarus.

7. In Syria, home to about 20 million. Arabs and 2 million. Kurds, speaking in Kurdish - a descendant of the Medes. In addition to the Arabs and Kurds is home to large groups of Armenians, Circassians, Greeks, Muslims, the Syrian Turkmen.

8. Syrian Arabs speak a special dialect of Arabic, is markedly different from the literary. Residents of the central and north-eastern regions and speak different dialects.

9. Thanks to the literary Arabic, can understand each other more than 200 million Arabs from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf.

10. In Arabic sounds like the name of Syria "Suriy" and the full version of "al-Arabiya al-Dzhumuhiriyya al-Suriy" (Syrian Arab Republic).

11. About 90% of the population lives in the valley of the Euphrates River, or in the fertile areas near the Mediterranean Sea, which together constitute only one-third of the country. The remaining area is occupied by the Syrian desert, from ancient times separating two regions - Mesopotamia and the Levant (the fertile delta at the Sea: Israel, Syria, Palestine, Lebanon). Differences in culture and the location of these two regions have been the cause of conflict.

12. What Syria is similar to Russia, because it is its location at the crossroads of European and Asian cultures. One part of it gravitates toward the West, and the other to the Arab world of the East. Coastal regions are also mostly Christians mingled with the Muslim sects and trends nesunnitskimi, desert areas along the Euphrates gravitate toward Sunni conservatism. Due to its location, Syria - one of the oldest trading nations. Some urban markets about five hundred years.

13. Of the two million Syrian Christians, about half - the Orthodox. Most of the population (about 18 million.) Muslims.

14. Syria - home to a variety of Christian, Islamic and other religious sects and original movements. Proponents alavizma, esoteric of Islam, exceed twice the number of Christians. Alawites are allowed to drink wine, to pray two times a day and fasting for only two weeks. Their religion they believe secret knowledge, accessible only to the elite. President Bashar al-Assad - Alava.

15. In the international ranking of the Christian «Open Doors» Syria occupies the 4th place among the countries where most oppress the rights of Christians.

16. An independent Syria in modern borders exist from 17 April 1946, when it freed itself from French colonial rule.

17. On the territory of the country has the world's most ancient civilizations: Assyria, Hittite empire, Babylon, the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great Power. This land was in turn occupied by the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Arab Caliphate, the Crusaders, the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire. In 1920 the country became a French colony.

18. Today, Syria - the "hot" point of the planet. During the war (2011 - present) against Syria EU sanctions were introduced, the Gulf countries, the tourism sector has almost disappeared, fell sharply sale of oil, more than 1,000 militants looted factories and enterprises in Aleppo. According to the Training and Research Institute, the United Nations destroyed about 300 cultural monuments. One of the triggers discontent Sunni population of the eastern regions became severe drought (2006-2011 gg.), Which affected especially the Euphrates valley and desert regions.

19. Syria - the cradle of Christianity. The country lives a few tens of thousands of Assyrians - the descendants of the population of Great Assyria. They speak novoarameyskih languages. It is written in Aramaic of the books of the Bible, the language Jesus spoke, and his entourage. People mostly professes Christianity, and Assyrians were one of the first in the I century took this belief.

20. Syria blocked YouTube, Blogspot and Facebook.

21. In a country free health care and education, and the pension accrued from 60 years. Civil servants compensated costs of private clinics and literacy is 83% (before independence was 10%), much higher than in Iraq and Egypt.

22. For over 50 years, Syria has been run by the Ba'ath Party (Arab Socialist Renaissance Party, abbreviated as "revival»).

23. The first day of the week according to the traditional calendar is considered to be the resurrection of the Arab "Al-Ahad" (the first), and the last - Saturday, "Al-Sabta" (rest). As in Russia celebrated on March 8, Mother's Day, New Year's Day, 1 May nezavismosti

24. Syria's relations with the Soviet Union and Russia have always been pretty warm. This is due to a common socialist past and confrontation with the US policy of domination in the Middle East.

So, back in 1971 in the city of Tartus was placed material-technical base of the Navy of the USSR, and in 2005 was written off 10 billion-dollar debt to Syria. However, Syria still does not recognize Israel. And if the passport has an Israeli visa, it is more likely, access to the country will be closed.

25. Syria - birthplace of prominent Christian and Islamic thinkers. Among them, the philosopher Posidonius (I century BC. Oe.), The philosopher Lucian of Samosata (II century), writer and ascetic Isaac the Syrian (VII century), the philosopher-rationalist and freethinker Abul-Ala al-Macarri (XI century) (it was his the statue in 2013, jihadists beheaded), the medieval Arab mathematician Al-Salar (XII century). The Syrian soil preached John Chrysostom, who was born nearby.

via russian7.ru/2015/10/25-faktov-o-sirii/


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