The launch was normal, flying, waiting for the inclusion of the third stage. But ... the engine suddenly silent. Siren wailed, lights up the banner "Crash PH" car spun sharply and darted around the cabin, "sunbeam". In the first moments we do not even understand what happened. After a few seconds it became clear that there was some kind of denial of the rocket, and our ship automation separated from it.
Tried to contact with the Earth, but the radio was not. In the subsequent analysis revealed that radio was one-sided: the Earth we have heard good and P.I.Klimuk shouted into the microphone, causing us, but we did not hear him. We tried to figure out where to land. Most of all concerned that we could get to China, because then we have with that country had a strained relationship. There was a viscous wait ...
While landing place figured out, weightlessness stopped and stepped overload. We did not anticipate that it will be so big. It is known that a person becomes unbearably hard at 10-fold overload, as we have it was so much more. Became "go»
vision: first, it turned into black and white, and then began to narrow the angle of view. We were in a near syncope, but still did not lose consciousness. While reloading presses, just think that it is necessary to resist, and we fought back as best they could. With such a huge overload when unbearably difficult, it is recommended to scream, and we shouted struggled, although it seems it was in a strangled croak.
A few minutes later overload slowly began to subside. The first thing little breather and began to rebound. At this time, the parachute system worked. Landed, lander slightly swayed and stopped. We got out and found himself on a hillside covered with snow depth of five feet. Less than half an hour ago we flew from Baikonur, there was 25 ° C, and are in the mountains in sub-zero temperatures. Made a fire - warmed. Soon, the search plane. We got into the lander and established radio contact with him. We asked where we were, we were informed that we had landed in the Soviet Union in the Altai.
We were able to evacuate the next day. All night we did not sleep, and sat by the fire, discussing our emergency flight. That's when I think about what kind of fellows are the people who foresaw this emergency. In emergency conditions, all the automated systems of the ship worked and clearly wrong. It was like a fairy tale, thanks to the people in most unfamiliar to us, we will happily "returned from the dead." It was an awesome feeling some
miracle. That night we agreed with Vasily Lazarev that continue to this day we celebrate as our second birthday ... i> blockquote>
After this flight algorithm of the system controlled descent changed - now in an accident lander began to rotate evenly, making a ballistic descent, which eliminates the effects of orientation errors.
Almost ended in tragedy American portion of flight "Soyuz-Apollo". The problem arose again in the area of planting and draining residual fuel. Now, because of the wrong switch exhibited toxic nitrogen tetroxide was come into the cabin, "Apollo." Astronaut Vance Brand fainted. Threatened with the same fate and the two remaining astronauts. But Thomas Stafford already took out the emergency oxygen masks. Wearing one of them, he quickly gave Dick Slayton mask and put it on the Brand. Astronauts received 0, 3 ppm of nitrogen tetroxide with a lethal dose 0, 4 ppm and lain two weeks in the hospital.
Soyuz 23 h4>
Expedition "Soyuz-23" (crew Vyacheslav Zudov and Valery Rozhdestvensky) to the orbital station "Salyut-5" wholly taken pure bad luck. September 15, 1976, on the second day of flight, the area has become a distant approach to work abnormally automatic docking system. There are strange fluctuations ("fluctuations") signal that the control system perceived as deviations from the path of convergence of the ship, and began to actively maneuver. Enable docking and orientation engines leads to real deflection that system extinguished new impulses, wasting precious fuel wasted. And it, as we remember, in the early "Union" was very small. The crew did not recognize the problem and did not react to abnormal maneuvers the ship. With the analysis of the situation will only coped MCC - docking canceled. I had to return to Earth "empty-handed". And here waiting for the real danger.
Night landing, as in the case of the "Soyuz-15", held regularly, but by bad luck ended a phenomenal hit in Lake Tengiz. Night, blizzard, and landing on the ice of the lake! Salt water lake closes the contacts, and, after shooting the main parachute opens spare. Lander because the parachute falls to one side. Antennas are under water, with helicopters rescue seems that "Union" drowned. The reality is not much better - Roll CA led to the fact that breathing valves were covered with snow and water, and can only breathe indoor air. Rescuers found the ship, but by this time become terminated regeneration cartridges, reducing the oxygen from carbon dioxide.
The lander "Soyuz-23" in the water. Nearby in a rubber boat rescuer Nicholas Chernavskii which, alone, could have only moral support to astronauts. I>
The crew began to experience oxygen starvation. A blizzard is not allowed to use helicopters. By morning the weather improved, but it was necessary to act very quickly - one of the astronauts had already lost consciousness. In violation of all regulations, with the risk to break the helicopter, rescuers began to tow the "Union" Trailing behind a parachute:
Recalls lifeguard Joseph Davydov:
Just before the flight tests were conducted in Feodosia towing lander with a crew on board helicopters and boats. Refined methods, determine the mode of towing, so that the door is not knocked out water pressure, and the crew drowned. I participated in these trials, and now I was clear that the rescue crew of "Union" can only be towed. But these recommendations are based on testing results have not been made to the operating instructions of rescuers and their violation under adverse circumstances could bring to court and jail.
Time for reflection and consultation with the leadership of the flight was not.
I offered Nikolai Kondratiev begin towing:
- Instructions forbidden! - Parried Kondratiev.
- Well, and that we will wait until they suffocate? Nick, where our comrades! Really, following the instructions, we wait for their death - I urged. - We keep the speed of seven kilometers and everything will be fine, I checked.
- And you think you can fly long at this rate? Engines overheat! Grobanemsya yourself! - Kondratyev said, continuing to keep the helicopter over the lander.
- So what? Let's wait until they suffocate? Forgiveness to us with you, Nick, will not!
- Borttehnik, doctor, you are witnesses representative Cosmonaut Training Center tells me to tow the machine.
- If I could have your order! I beg you, I beg you! You're the commander, and only you, unfortunately, can make the final decision. A responsibility I am willing to share with you. And in the presence of the crew repeat that insist on towing - no other solution. Either life or death.
Kondratiev translated from a helicopter hovering in the slow forward movement. In the open door, I watched as the lander out of the icy bitter-salty slush and crawled behind the helicopter. Two hundred meters machine moving, throwing off the ice. Kondratiev watched in suspense for the device speed, maintaining called me speed - seven kilometers. He periodically peeking in half-open shutter cab. And though it broke the cold air on the face of the Kondratieff voltage were beads of sweat. And suddenly the unexpected.