A year ago I wrote a post
overview of what is happening in the world and national space program, and what are the different countries to achieve in this area. It so happened by chance that morning live epically fell "Proton" with three GLONASS satellites, so that post also went on well. Now, a year later, I thought - why not write a new review with a story about the affairs of the space for the second half of 2013 - the first half of 2014. Such reviews are usually written for the New Year, so it will be interesting look from July.
Introduction h4> Post structurally divided into the same as the last time, the section - the manned space program, Applied unmanned space exploration, scientific unmanned space program, launch vehicle.
manned spaceflight h4>
manned spacecraft h5> 2014, for sure, will be the year in which the only manned spacecraft launch Russia. The fact that China, which is usually started by one "Shenzhou" in 2012 and 2013, this year no plans manned flights and ships of other countries still being tested.
Russian fly «Союзы TMA-M », parallel tested new equipment. For example, the new docking system "Kurs-NA", which will be installed on the "Soyuz TMA-MS", now driven around on the "progress". In parallel, a new ship PCA , aka PTK NP The first launch is expected in 2017-2018. The layout of the ship was shown at MAKS-2013. Who developed and tested individual components - windows, knob, etc. If you are interested in news design of this ship, I recommend to watch topic on the forum "News of Cosmonautics" and блогом test cosmonaut Mark Serov, which is involved in the development.
USA actively working on the development of several ships. The development of the cargo ship Dragon - manned DragonRider renamed in Dragon V2 , and its layout was featured May 29, 2014 year. In depth study of the layout yielded PTK NP - besides stylish racing seats and dashboard with large touch-screens was nothing, and layout glittered bare walls of the cabin. Mini-shuttle DreamChaser started throwing test - prototype was dropped from a helicopter October 26, 2013. Unfortunately, the tests ended in the accident, did not come out landing gear, and the prototype was damaged. The ship CST-100 tested the parachute system in 2012, and in August 2013 was carried out the test cab ergonomics and communications. Being actively developed ship Orion , conducted numerous tests of the parachute system, rescue system, expected to test unmanned suborbital flight in < a href = "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploration_Flight_Test_1"> December 2014 .
Europe In 2012, ESA decided to join the Orion, a project ACTS / CSTS closed. < br />
China operated ship «Шэньчжоу», the next flight, "Shenzhou-11", is expected in 2015-2016. The uncertainty stems from the fact that the flight is scheduled to Chinese new modular space station, which has not yet started.
India In February 2014 suddenly became clear that the project ISRO OV received funding and a high enough priority. In March were tested parachute system, and the first unmanned suborbital test flight expected no less, in the second half of 2014, recommend to follow the news.
Japan No news about the development of any manned spacecraft.
Orbital stations h5> the continuing exploitation of МКС. Due to some cooling of relations between Russia and the United States over the future of the station began to thicken clouds - not known whether it will continue operation after 2020. Russia - the only country which had planned to expand the ISS with new modules and module «Наука» was supposed to go in flight in the spring of 2013. But the module detects technical problems on the tests, and start its postponed. Originally called terms in 2014, but in the autumn of 2013 module is returned for revision, and can fly as much in the 2016-18's. Given the political problems of international cooperation and the aging of the ISS, there is some probability that the unit will be the basis for a new Russian or Russian-Chinese space station - "Science" is based on FGB, which was the first unit of the ISS.
China plans to move from a single-module station «Тяньгун-1» to a multi station in the style of "Peace" or ISS. Specific dates are not yet known, the start of the first module roughly 2015-2016 year.
Bigelow Company does not cancel its plans to launch private space station , and, according to the news, launch services acquired by one of the Falcon 9 rocket launch but the payload of the launch is still unknown.
Cargo ships supply h5> Russian Keep ekslluatirovatsya «Прогрессы», 2, 3 tons of payload, 4 starts per year.
USA Dragon - 3 of 3 tons into orbit, 2, 5 - back in 2013 year one starting in 2014 want to carry 4 starter, but hardly have time for more than two - timing starts gradually go "right", the second launch in 2014 has had to be in June. Ship Cygnus made first flight to the ISS in 2013, can deliver 2 tons of cargo.
Europe Program ATV ends, the ship "Georges Lemaitre," will be the last ship of the series. Starting July 26, 2014. Payload 7, 6 tons. After the closure of the project of development of technology will work in the service module of the ship Orion.
Japan HTV - 6 tons into orbit, one starting in the year. In 2014, the ship will fly the fifth series, the launch date has not been announced. Expected for at least another three ship series.
Applied unmanned space exploration h4>