August 11, 1973 started showing the first Soviet series "17 Moments of Spring." German journalist Angemalns wrote: "When Shtirlits goes through the streets of Berlin, Moscow streets are empty." And that was indeed the case: during the show series in the USSR recorded maximum and minimum power consumption - water.
In honor of the birthday of the Soviet cult series we sobralm the most interesting stories from the set.
Vyacheslav Tikhonov could be arrested
Actor once nearly tore shooting - he left the hotel and went to the set in the form of Standartenfuhrer SS (close because why waste time). Berliners made noise and would like to pass a "fascist" Tikhonov police. Members of the set with barely managed to defend the actor in front of angry crowd.
Lev Durov joke
Murder Gestapo agent provocateur Klaus had not shoot in the GDR, and in a forest near Moscow. The fact that the actor Lev Durov decided to play a joke on a field commission - he was asked to describe the Soviet flag and name of the capital of the Union republics, and he described the "Jolly Roger" and called the Russian city, to the capitals nothing to do with. The Commission did not understand the joke, and the actor was closed leaving the country.
Hands Tikhonov tried not to shoot
Every time required to show closeup Stirlitz Vyacheslav Tikhonov replaced the understudy. The fact is that on the back of the hand Tikhonov flaunts tattooed "Glory", which he did in his youth. Tattoo was visible from under the makeup, so draw pictures or figures of matches lecturing assistant artist Felix Rostockiy. In addition, the artist wrote a telegram for Pleischner, as an actor Eugene Evstigneeva was terrible handwriting.
Small "mistakes" of the film
Director Tatyana Lioznova worth considerable effort to achieve the effect of the documentary narrative - she spent hours looking through a chronicle of the war years. Nevertheless, several apparent discrepancies still was allowed. So, on the way to the border Shtirlits listens to the songs of Edith Piaf, which will be written only in the 60s, and in a scene telegram can be seen that they are written in the form "International telegram of the USSR", smeared with ink coat of arms.
"Actor", which was not in the script
Some scenes in the "17 Moments of Spring" were absolute improvisation. So when Shtirlits drove his "Mercedes-Benz" in the yard of the cottage, ran up to him pooch, which the owner let off the leash. The camera continues to work. Improvising, Tikhonov said, "Whose are you, goosey?", And the dog just walked up and put into the hands of the actor's face.
Reason nervous tic Müller
In the film, you can see the typical movement of the neck Müller, like a nervous tic. The film directed by Tatiana Lioznova admired skill actor Bronevoi one gesture to emphasize pucker Gestapo chief. Later it turned out that all the fault of the narrow shirt collar, which is very irritating actor. But the movement has turned on so expressive that it was decided to leave.
Many scenes were shot in different places and have already appeared during installation. For example, a few hours before the failure of Professor Pleischner starts to go in Germany, then looks at the cubs at the Tbilisi Zoo comes to Blyumenshtrasse and thrown out the window in Riga.
My scene with his wife came up with Tikhonov
My famous scene in the cafe was not in the original script. Its proposed to insert Tikhonov after talking with one of the scouts (a similar practice was deystivitelno suschestovala). It was assumed that the frame will not only spy with my wife, and their young son, but the director decided that the child will distract the attention on himself.
Wonderful reception acting
Spectators and members of the crew were impressed by the sincere, thoughtful look Shtirlitsa. Tikhonov confessed, looking so piercing, he recalled the multiplication table.
Letters from Germany to Oleg Tabakov
Oleg Tabakov was so similar to the real Walter Schellenberg, that after the film actor received a letter from Germany, niece of Schellenberg, in which he thanked and said that he had repeatedly revised the film once again to look at "Uncle Walter".
One hundred white shirts Shtirlitsa
To suit the actors approached very seriously, they were made to order in the general's studio. But the German side let down - extras for crowd dressed very illiterate. Fortunately, the costume designer was 60 boxes of clothing for the actors - including one hundred white shirts for Tikhonov to Shtirlits always looked perfect.
Six children radio operator Kat
The role of the child's radio operator Kat performed six different kids. The fact that the fake baby would look unnatural, and children-actors just had time to grow during the filming.
The government of Cuba looked all series per day
It is said that Fidel Castro was a big fan of the series. One day he noticed at the evening session of the Government the absence of several key ministers. It turned out that they did not come in time to see the next series "17 Moments". Castro demanded to bring him a copy of the movie and made a collective view of all members of the government. 12 series shown in one session, which lasted almost 14 hours.
Religious images and phrases
Incredible fame acquired many phrases from the movie. Even those who did not watch the show, have probably heard "Shtirlits! .. And I ask you to stay».
In addition, after the film, a host of anecdotes, beat-box thinking Shtirlitsa:
Stirlitz went outside. Near fallen bricks. "These are the times!" - Thought Stirlitz. "Here you two!" - Thought Mueller and threw the second brick.
And my favorite: Shtirlits shot in the forehead Muller, the bullet bounced. Armor, thought Stirlitz!