The future is in the past. Masterpieces of the late Soviet architecture

One of the buildings of the Belarusian National Technical University. The building was constructed in 1982 for the Architectural and Civil Engineering Department of the Polytechnic Institute (now the National Technical University). Because of the similarity with the ocean liner in the nation earned the nickname "Ship."

Tower Research Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics, St. Petersburg. The building was built in 1985 near the Sosnovsky Forest Park in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad) for the CRI, which developed the technical means of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics of space, air, land and sea-based. Actually Tower - a testing ground for space equipment.

Novosibirsk academic youth theater "Globus". Youth Theatre in Novosibirsk (now the theater "Globe") built in 1984. This is one of the late Soviet long-term construction, it erected about 15 years. The peculiarity of the project - stylized sail height of 50 meters.

Institute of Scientific and Technological Research in Kiev. The famous "saucer" near the metro station "Lybidskaya" in Kiev (one of the buildings tnstituta scientific and technological research), built in 1971 by architect, musician and violin maker Florian St. George. This project brought the USSR State Prize Yuriev "For innovation in architecture." According to some experts, "plate" and has a unique acoustics for classical music concerts.

Restaurant "float" in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. Dnepropetrovsk restaurant on the water built in 1976. Over the past few decades, the building evolved. Initially, the top was an open veranda, now there was a building "hat" - closed the second floor. There is still a restaurant.

Pension "Friendship" in Yalta. The building was built on the beach, on a steep slope. The five-storey residential part of the hold-bearing three towers, which are located inside the elevators and stairs. Inside, between the legs is a round pool. The boarding house was commissioned in 1985.

The former Ministry of highways of the Georgian SSR in Tbilisi. The building was built in 1975 by architect George Chakhava. The construction consists of five horizontal beams (each with two levels), which if stacked on top of each other. The building has a small base, as much of the construction is raised above the earth - beneath a small park. In 2007 the building was declared a monument, it is now the office of the Bank of Georgia.

The administrative building of the collective farm in the village of Rapla, Estonia. The building was built in 1977 by architect Toomas Rhine. It has the shape of an octagonal step pyramid. Located along the perimeter of office space, on the ground floor and in the basement - entrance hall, dining room, and above - a gym.

The building of the Russian Embassy in Havana, Cuba. The building was built in the early 1980s for the Soviet embassy in Cuba, now it houses the Russian Embassy. The complex of buildings of the embassy began to build in 1978 and fully completed in 1987. The building is near the sea, on a green area with flower beds and fruit trees. The territory has a decorative fountains, playgrounds and swimming pools.

Palace of solemn ceremonies in Tbilisi, Georgia. The building was constructed in 1984 as the Wedding Palace. Experts have repeatedly noted that the style is surprisingly common with contemporary temples architects Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeyer, without being places of worship.

Regional Drama Theatre of Grodno, Belarus. One of the symbols of Grodno - the building of the regional drama theater was built on the banks of the Neman on draft Moscow architect Gennady Machulsky in 1984. The theater consists of two buildings: the auditorium with 700 seats and the lobby lounge and the administrative building with a small hall with 216 seats.

Museum Automobile Factory of the Lenin Komsomol (AZLK) in Moscow. AZLK museum was opened in 1980, the building- "plate" was built a little earlier. The factory museum exhibited all the cars, which were issued AZLK 1930, as well as unique items, not launched into serial production. In 2006 the plant was declared bankrupt, the museum was closed, the exhibits were handed over to the Moscow museum of vintage cars.

"October" cinema in Minsk, Belarus. Minsk cinema "October" was built in 1975 on the site of a wooden cinema "Zorka" architect V.Malysheva. Cinema opened the premiere of "blockade." Hall in the "October" - the biggest in Belarus, it can accommodate 1,340.

The building of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Construction of the complex began in 1974, but was delayed until the mid-1990s. The peculiarity of the building - decorative metal elements in the low-rise and high-rise units ("golden brains" as they are called by the people).

Exhibition Center "BelExpo", Minsk, Belarus. The complex was built in 1989 by architect Leonard Moskalewicz. Application of the cable system has allowed to build a building without a single column.

Sport-Concert Complex "Amalir" in Yerevan, Armenia. One of the largest entertainment complex in Yerevan, consisting of two parts: sports (5 million viewers) and concert (1, 3 thousand people). It was opened in 1983, but a year later it suffered a major fire and the complex was closed for reconstruction, will last until 1987. Effective today.

Circus in Chisinau, Moldova. Chisinau Circus was built in 1981 in the architectural circles at once has been praised: he is recognized as the first in the Soviet Union and the fourth in the world for its beauty and convenience. In 2004, the circus was closed for repairs, but for the audience, he still has not opened. Regarding the ownership of the building is conducted litigation.

Cafe "Pearl" in Baku, Azerbaijan. Cafe built in the early 1960s. Experts are still comparing it to the restaurant Manantiales, built in 1958 in a suburb of Mexico City, the Spanish architect Felix Candela.

House- "ring" in the area Matveevskoe in Moscow. The first-round home in Moscow was built in 1972, designed by Eugene Stamo and Alexander Markelov. It was based on a series of typical houses I-515. The house has 26 entrances and 912 apartments. The inner diameter of the yard - 155 meters, there is a playground and parking. It is said that for the summer Olympics in 1980 planned to build five such homes (the number of Olympic rings), but built only two.

Hotel, restaurant "Salute" in Kiev. Kiev hotel "Salute" was built in 1984 by architect A. Miletsky. The design is a support tube on which are hung the residential floors. It was assumed that there will be 18, but left a total of six (the building is not to compete with the bell tower of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra). Inside the tubes are arranged lifts and communication, the second and last floor occupied by restaurants.

The building of the cinema "Russia" in Yerevan, Armenia. Yerevan dvuhzalny cinema "Russia" was built in 1975 in the city center, where the start was given a place for the construction market. Volumes rooms are located on the podium, which houses the lobby and ticket office.

Khmelnytsky oblast literary memorial museum of Nikolai Ostrovsky, Shepetivka, Ukraine. Museum of the author of the novel "How the Steel Was Tempered" was built in 1979. The building, which houses the exposition, has the shape of a ring lying on the five pillars. Faced with red smalt.



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