Factory "Micron" was created in Zelenograd in the 60s of the last century for the development of domestic and industrial production of integrated circuits. "Micron" - the largest microelectronics company in Russia and the CIS countries in terms of sales. Next quote author.
Originally silicon looks like. He is a natural semiconductor.
First there was a silicon chip :) This is the foundation.
Silicon is melted in a silicon rod is inserted, then the mass of molten silicon cools and crystallizes around this core.