Cathedral - it's always one of the main temples of the city, or the temple, which is dedicated to some special event, so unlike conventional churches cathedrals were built with special grandeur. Stop being a cathedral temple can not - this status is assigned to it once and for all. In principle, the very large to the cathedral and are not binding, but from the beginning he had hoped for more services, so it just has to do more.
We offer a look at the highest and most majestic cathedrals and churches of the world.
1. Ulm Cathedral (Germany), height 161, 5 m.
Lutheran Cathedral This is the highest cathedral in the world. The height of the cathedral with a spire is 161, 5 m, and 768 degrees allow up to a height of 143 m. Bookmark the cathedral took place in 1377, to the very construction started almost 20 years later - in 1392. By 1405 construction was completed only the main part of the cathedral, with interruptions, he went on to finish building a few centuries, and the construction is completely finished only in 1890. Thus, the entire construction of Ulm Cathedral took almost half a millennium.
2. Basilica of Our Lady of Peace (Ivory Coast), height with a cross on the main dome 158 meters
This Basilica is considered the largest of the Christian churches in the world. Here, both in worship devour present more than 18,000 people. However, Roman ST. Peter at the smaller area can accommodate three times more faithful.
3. Cologne Cathedral (Germany), height 157, 4 m.
The construction of this beautiful Gothic cathedral began in 1248 and ended only in 1880. During the 632-year-old building, even the legend that says that the city of Cologne did not threaten until will continue construction of the cathedral. This cathedral is the third largest in the world in height among the Christian churches, but it is the highest of all the churches that have two identical towers. 533 steps allow up to a height of 150 m.
4. Rouen Cathedral (France), the height of 151 m.
This fourth tallest cathedral has the tallest tower in the world of iron. One of the founders of Impressionism, French artist Claude Monet created 50 paintings depicting the Cathedral in different lighting conditions and at different times of the year.
5. Cathedral of St. Nicholas (Germany), the height of 147 m 3.
The cathedral was badly damaged by bombing during the Second World War, and is not restored until now. From 1874 to 1876 years the cathedral was considered the tallest building in the world.
6. Strasbourg Cathedral (France), the height of 142 m.
From 1625 to 1874 the Cathedral was considered the tallest building in the world. The cathedral is built of sandstone and is one of the biggest buildings in the world, made from this material.
7. Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary Lihenskoy (Poland), height 141, 5 m.
This biggest basilica in Poland designed by Polish architect Barbara Beletska. The temple was built from 1994 to 2004 on the donations of the faithful.
8. St. Stephen's Cathedral (Austria), height 136, 4 m.
This majestic Cathedral in the Gothic style, is one of Vienna's major attractions.
9. New Cathedral (Austria), height 134, 8 m.
This cathedral is the largest, but not the highest cathedral of Austria, second in height only 2 meters St. Stephen's Cathedral. The cathedral was built in 1924.
10. St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican City), height 136, 4 m.
It is the largest temple of the Vatican and one of the largest cathedrals in size in the world. The world's largest Christian church - the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Cote d'Ivoire - built on the model of the cathedral. It surpasses it in size and height, but St. Peter's Basilica was designed so that it can hold three times as many parishioners.
11. Finally, the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague - Prague. It is not the highest cathedral - its height of 96, 5 m, but it is the longest cathedral in the world. The length of its main nave is 124 meters.