The skull is probably the most interesting part of the human skeleton. It allows the reconstruction of the exterior of the owner, and generally can tell a lot of interesting doctors, anthropologists, archaeologists and other experts. Unfortunately, throughout the history of humanity among them were people who speculated on mystical topics related to the skull. For the sake of attracting attention to his own person and profit, some wishful thinking, deceiving the public. Here are the ten most speculative "ducks" in history:
1. Skull "star boy»
A striking example of how the modern "experts" interpret old archaeological finds. Pictured in the photo above skull was found in Mexico back in 1930, but the public found out about it only after seventy years. In 1999, he suddenly emerged as a sensation in all the world's media. According to ufologists, the skull belongs to the essence, which is obtained by cross-breeding of aliens with the people, or even a full-blooded "starry boy." Radiocarbon analysis method of age showed that the skull of about 900 years, but most importantly - independent DNA tests have confirmed the origin of the human skull. Experts have proved that the skull belonged to a young boy from the indigenous tribe of Indians, who suffered from hydrocephalus.
2. Pseudoscience phrenology
Phrenology - a European pseudoscience which reached its peak in the 19th century. Doctors claimed that all mental properties, supposedly localized in the cerebral hemispheres, the development of sprawl cause certain area of the brain, which, in turn, - the formation of bulges in the relevant section of the skull; when underdevelopment of any properties in the skull cavity formed. But the development of neuroscience has shown inconsistency of this theory, and the society gradually lost interest in phrenology. In fact, the mental qualities of man is not determined by the relief surface of the brain. In addition, the shape of the skull does not repeat the form of the brain.
3. Countries of the Piltdown skull
In 1912 in Piotdaune, England, Charles Dawson discovered a strange skull, which had an unusual mixture of human and ape features. He called it "the missing link" between humans and primates. At the top of the skull belonged to a man, but the lower jaw was too long. However, it was well fabricated fake. In 1953, scientists announced the discovery fake. Piltdown man provoked long debates paleontologists about how man has evolved, and still remains one of the most famous hoaxes of the XX century.
4. Skull Batavusa Genuinusa
In 1828 on the island of Marken in the Netherlands it was found a strange skull that is different from others his sloping forehead. According to the hypothesis, the islanders did not belong to homo sapiens, and more ancient humanoids evolved in isolation. In 1912 a Dutch doctor Batavus Genuinus found that the reason for such a narrow forehead was a traditional headdress worn by children on the island of Marken, and those children who are taken away from the island at an early age, this phenomenon was not observed.
5. History craniotomy