How stoked ships

A few days ago the Russian Federation armed forces decommissioned flooded large antisubmarine ship "Ochakov", in order to block access to several Ukrainian courts of Donuzlav lake in Crimea. Such actions in the history of the world fleet is not uncommon, so I suggest you learn quite a few interesting stories sinking warships.





Flooding of Russian ships in Sevastopol. 1855

In the history of the Russian Navy's most famous such incident occurred in the years 1854-1855 during the Crimean War. This conflict provoked by Britain, France and the Ottoman Empire, from the outset was developed not in favor of Russia. Foreign troops landed in Yevpatoriya on the first day of fall 1854, quickly moved along the Crimean coast in the direction of Sevastopol. And on 20 September the battle of the Alma ended with the defeat of the Russian troops.
Russian commanders, realizing that the situation could become critical, ordered the flood at the entrance to Sevastopol bay a few old ships. While there has steam vessel and therefore eliminates the need for sailboats. They decided to let the water to cover the fleet of the interventionists the opportunity to enter the bay.




The first seven ships were sunk on 11 September. In November and December left the bottom two in February 1855 - six. And on August 27 it has been flooded the rest of the fleet - Russian troops left the southern part of the city. They returned there only in 1856, after the Paris Congress.
In 1905, in the bay of Sevastopol was a monument to the flooded ships - one of the business cards of the city.




The cruiser "Varyag". 1904

No less famous case of deliberate flooding of Russian ships on 9 February 1904 in waters of the Korean port of Inch'on (now - Incheon). It was the first day of the Russian-Japanese war. At night, a few destroyers Japan conducted a torpedo attack on the Russian ships stationed in the outer roads of the city of Port Arthur, and in the afternoon the battle began between the cruiser "Varyag", supported by gunboat "Korean", and the Japanese squadron consisting of fourteen ships. < br />



During a short unequal battle cruiser "Varyag" received a lot of damage, and 31 members of his crew were killed. Realizing that further resistance was impossible, the captain of the ship Vsevolod Rudnev ordered to return to the road in Inch'on, where the "Varyag" was flooded, and "Korean" - blown. Was put on the bottom was also a Russian steamer "Songhua River" is in port.
The feat of Russian sailors, the ship flooded, but do not pass their opponent, was enthusiastically received by all over the world, including in Japan, where the war even built a museum in memory of Russian heroes. The newspapers were full of news from different countries about the fate of the "Varyag" and our sailors took with honors along the entire length of the route home to St. Petersburg.
The song "The enemy does not surrender our proud Varyag", incidentally, is not of Russian origin, and German. The poem, which served as its basis, the Austrian poet wrote Rudolf Greynts explanations have been read in the press news. The work became known in Russia as a translation of Eugene Studensky. The music is composed by the musician of the 12th Astrakhan Grenadier Regiment Alexei Turishchev.




Flooding High Seas Fleet. 1919

And in 1919 for similar reasons have flooded their warships and Germans. The First World War turned to the defeat of Imperial Germany. A country that for centuries boasted the most powerful army in Europe, even lost the right to establish its own armed forces. A weapon is in its territory be transmitted to other countries. In particular, subjected to internment and the German High Seas Fleet - several dozen warships, considered the pride of Germany.
While the Allies decided the fate of each other Navy ships were in the harbor Rock Flow in the Orkney Islands, which at that time was located the main base of the British Navy. On the ship were German crew, and overall command of Rear Admiral carried Ludwig von Reuter. Last decided to sink his fleet on the eve of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, he has not got to the Allies.



At 10:30 am June 21, 1919 von Reuter ordered the ships to sink all the High Seas Fleet. The sailors raised on their ships naval flags of Germany and opened Kingston. The British did not expect such a turn of events, and therefore did not manage to thwart German sailors. They managed to save only 22 vessels, 52 went under the water.
Paradoxically, the British command took the news about the sinking of the German ships with great relief. After all, they no longer had to be divided among the allies that will get rid of much debate on this issue. In Germany, Ludwig von Reuter and his subordinates received as heroes.



The sinking of the French fleet in Toulon. 1942
But in 1942 the situation was radically different. Germany, recovering from defeat in the First World War, was again to have the most powerful army on the continent and has regained its former political power. By this time she managed to capture or subdue almost the whole of Europe, including France, which would be divided into the German-occupied territories and a small client state in the southern part of the country, also controlled part of the French colonies in Africa.
But in November 1942, British and American troops, backed by French patriots occupied North Africa. However, they have concluded an agreement with the Commander of the Navy Vichy regime François Darlan that he becomes the leader of the liberated territory. Enraged by these agreements, Hitler ordered German troops to enter the remains of mainland France, as well as capture the fleet stood at the base in Toulon.



German soldiers launched an attack on Toulon at 4 am on November 27, 1942. On hearing this, the leadership of the French navy, is in the port of Toulon, has decided to sink the ships, so that they do not go to the Germans. Under the water the night took 77 ships. The Nazis managed to save only 3 destroyers, 4 submarines and 40 small vessels. Part of the fleet was able to break out and reach the Allies liberated Algeria.



Flooding ships on Lake Donuzlav. 2014

Donuzlav Lake is one of the most convenient natural harbors Crimea. In Soviet times, it has become one of the bases of the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR, and after 1991 - Ukraine. And during the Crimean crisis of 2014 began Donuzlave confrontation between Russian and Ukrainian military.



At the beginning of March 2014 the Russian fleet locked in Donuzlave two Ukrainian warships. And in the morning on February 6 this blockade was intensified flooding of two old ships Black Sea Fleet - a large anti-submarine ship "Ochakov" and rescue tug "Shakhtar". Prior to that, most of the Black Sea Fleet in Ukraine had time to leave the Crimea and Odessa arrive.
ASW ship Ochakov covers the entrance to the lake Donuzlav. Photo source: obozrevatel.com



Source: www.novate.ru

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