Fort Amber (Amber Fort) (37 photos)

Amber Fort is located 11 kilometers from Jaipur. The fortress-palace, a classic example of a romantic Rajasthani fort stands on a terraced plateau at the southwestern foot of the mountain. At the top of the fortress Jaigarh (Fort of Victory), guarding the approaches to both Amber and located to the other side of the mountain Jaipur. Amber on all sides surrounded by hills and ridges on top of which the endless snake winds many kilometers wall with ramparts and Belfry.




Construction of the fort began in 1592 by Raja Man Singh I - Commander Rajput parts in the army of Emperor Akbar. Completed the construction of grand buildings descendant of Man Singh - Jai Singh I. The fort was named after the goddess Amba, better known in Indian mythology under the name of Durga, and is built according to the canons Rajput architectural style was developed in the state of Rajasthan in the Middle Ages.



For the construction used only local material that led to unusual effect - the natural and built almost impossible to distinguish from a distance. If often happened in those days a military attack was the special defensive value. For the Rajput architectural style is characterized by impeccable proportional lines, rigorous, clear external forms

However, the massive walls hide a rich interior decoration the refined treatment and jewelry inaccessible casual look. Inside the fort buildings complemented by a set of balconies, climbed stone grills, slender columns connected by arches scalloped contour, a small gazebo in the corners of roofs and awnings, as well as barred arched windows done in the walls to enhance ventilation. The palace has found his true incarnation of the dream of paradise, giving delight the soul and calm the heart.



1862



Rajput forts were built on fairly rigid scheme. The central part is occupied by multilevel residential building - prasadam with her - a one- or two-story pavilions, isolated or represent wings Prasad. The territory of the palace complex is divided into three parts: the first - a service courtyard with stables, warehouses, storage of weapons, Palace Square and the pavilion for official audiences. The second - one or two courtyards with private apartments, rooms for treasury and a small home chapel. In the third part placed Zanan (Women apartments) with terraces and gardens for walking.

The path is to Amber begins on the shores of an artificial lake with a small island Maota in the center - Garden Dalaramy (named in honor of the architect of Jaipur). In the palace leads wide road which is still leisurely gait moving elephants, delivering visitors to the first entrance gate - Jai Paul. There is a staircase with an unusually large steps for the riders and their horses, but not for pedestrians. For the vast courtyard followed by Suraj Pol (Sun Gate), opening Dzhaleb Chowk, service yard with barracks and stables. Paul Chandra (Moon Gate) leading to the temple dedicated Narasinghe (man-lion, one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu), as well as Jagat Shiromani (Treasure of the World) - a temple with a huge hall for prayers.

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