The majestic Niagara Falls, charming, tourist arrivals, are among the most popular destinations in the US and Canada for all fans of nature. Niagara Falls, in all its ferocity, is not dangerous for their fans. Hundreds and thousands of visitors come here every day to witness how much water falls from a great height. Magnificent panoramic views of the Falls and other interesting places for tourists annually attract millions of people.
Niagara Falls is composed of two major waterfalls: the Canadian Falls, also known as the "Horseshoe» (Horseshoe Falls), on Canadian territory and American Falls (American Falls) on American soil. Waterfall Bridal Veil Falls, separated from the main island waterfall Luna Island.
Niagara Falls originated during the last ice age as a result of the fact that the glaciers retreated. It happened about 10,000 years ago.
Green water of Niagara Falls, due to the large amount of salt, as well as the composition of the local land, which is due to the rough eroded. Ground rock contains a large amount of limestone and shale, which affects the color of the water.
Because natural erosion waterfall height is reduced by one foot per year. This means that over 50 thousand years waterfall will cease to exist.
Niagara Falls cross two bridges: Rainbow Bridge (Rainbow Bridge) and the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, which is the movement of passenger cars.
Rainbow Bridge (Rainbow Bridge) located a few hundred meters downstream and it offers the most beautiful view of the waterfall. Bridge Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, is a 1, 6 km north of the Rainbow Bridge, and is the oldest bridge over the Niagara River.
About 20% of the drinking water in the United States passes through Niagara Falls.
Many people have tried to conquer Niagara Falls. The first case is dated in October 1829, when Sam Pace (Sam Patch), jumped into the gorge waterfall and survived. Thus, has become a tradition for many brave men try to survive by overcoming Niagara Falls. October 24, 1901, 63 year-old Annie Edson Taylor, a teacher from Michigan, was thrown into a waterfall in a barrel, it also remained alive, but was injured.
Today, there is an amazing archive, which is devoted to attempts to subdue the people of Niagara Falls. The most interesting is that the archive is constantly updated.
The most famous and oldest tourist attraction in the area of Niagara Falls is a cruise 'Maid of the Mist'. This cruise offers tourists come to be directly beneath the waters of the Niagara Falls. This service is very popular in our days, and it appeared for the first time in 1846.
Brown foam located below Niagara Falls is a natural result of the fall of a large number of tons of water. A brown color is the color of the clay present at the foot of the waterfall.
About 90% of the fish that travels down the Niagara Falls survives, since the foam at the bottom of the waterfall acts as a cushion for the fish.
There are many theories about the origin of the name of Niagara Falls. According to scholar Bruce Trigger, «Niagara» - is derived from the name of the tribe locals, «Niagagarega». According to another scholar, George R. Stewart, «Niagara» comes from the name of the province, which the Iroquois called «Ongniaahra», which means "point of land cut in half».
About Niagara Falls, as well as the use of it as a decoration recorded a large number of movie: «Niagara», with the participation of the famous Marilyn Monroe and Joseph Cotten, the film «Superman II» (1980), "Niagara: Miracles, Myths and Magic" in IMAX, the film "Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End" and many others.
Each year, Niagara Falls visits 25 million tourists.