Indians - natives of North America

Judging by the title, the post of the indigenous population of North America - the facts, just the facts ...



According to the US Census Bureau (US Census Bureau), in 2000 in the US there are approximately 1.8 million. Thoroughbred Indians. The 2000 census for the first time in US history, made it possible to specify a "mixed" origin of the population. As a result, it became clear that another 2.9 million. Americans consider themselves Indians to a greater or lesser extent (ie, one or more of their immediate ancestors were Indians). The largest Indian tribes now: Cherokee (about 302.5 thousand. "Purebred" Native Americans), Navajo (276.7 thous.), Sioux (113 thousand.) And Chippewa (almost 111 thousand.). For comparison, the US population in 2000 was about 290 million. People.

The census also showed that the Indians - "young" people (or rather, people). The average Indian - 29 years old, the average American - 35. 33% of Indians - younger than 18 years. For comparison, in 2000, this age group were 26% of Americans. At the same time, fewer Indians live to old age. 65-year-old crossed the mark of 5.6% of the US population Redskins, in the whole country, the figure is 12.4% .

Classification of Indian tribes made as to ethnic groups and linguistic families. Inexperienced person easy to get lost in such a classification, so will show the most striking and well-known Indian tribes people ...


Apaches.

Most southern Athabascan. In the 15th - 16th centuries moved from the north to the southern plains and the South-West.

Immediate family members of the Apaches - Navajo.

Western Apache or koyotero include San Carlos, White Mountain, Seebeck and Tonto,

their neighbors Chiricahua divided into Chokon, Nendaz, bedonkoe and mimbreno (the latter two have a common name or Warm Springs Mogollon).

Mescalero Apaches and the Jicarilla Apache closer in culture to the Indians of the steppes, and Plains Apache and Lipan were typical steppe nomads - buffalo hunters. Chiricahua longest resisted the US Army, and ended the war, which lasted 25 years, in 1886, when all the Indians were moved to reservations.

Among the famous Apache chief - Mangas Colorado, Cochise, Victorio, Yeh, Nayche, Dzheron


South-Aztecan family.

Kiowa - Comanche Shoshoni Utah Hopii others.

Kiowa.

A small but warlike tribe of nomads of the south of the Great Plains. The language belongs to the group of stalling.

As an independent unit within the tribe consisted Plains Apache speaking Athabaskan language. Together with the Comanches, these tribes were powerful alliance of southern steppes (Oklahoma, Texas), who fought with many surrounding Indians and Mexicans. In the 1870s had a strong resistance to the US Army.

All warriors in the tribe numbered about 200 people. Ten of them were brave society Kaitsenko - military elite, never retreat before the enemy.

The most prominent leaders of the Kiowas - Dohasan, Sitting Bear, Satanta, Lone Wolf, kicked Bird, Big Derevo.Atapaski.

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