Psychological, mental, and God knows what the state of our bodies when they behave strangely.
Nature in general, and our mind in particular - are still unknown entertainers and creators. With people constantly something unusual happens, much has been studied and named. In honor of various writers, artists, heroes, books, psychiatrists and other citizens. And we'd better, as educated people, know when and what kind of trick throw our bodies.
In this article interesting 18 syndromes (not including abstinence - who does not know him?), The knowledge of which will help us become a little more erudite and understand even a small part of how and that is arranged in the human head and viscera.
Very funny syndrome, although, of course, those who are exposed to it is sometimes not so fun. Stendhal Syndrome manifests itself in dizziness, fainting, palpitations and sometimes hallucinations, surrounded by works of art or an incredibly beautiful nature. Can you imagine it? As if you have come to the Hermitage and slammed it into a swoon from the power of art.
The name of the syndrome was due to one of the books by Stendhal, in which he described his feelings during a visit to Florence: "When I left the Church of the Holy Cross, my heart beat, I thought that dried up the source of life, I went, fearing collapse on the ground ... I saw masterpieces generated by the energy of passion, and then everything was meaningless, a small, limited, so when the wind ceases to inflate the sails passions that push forward the human soul, then it becomes devoid of passion, and therefore, vices and virtues " .
Funny psychological principle - people sometimes behaves like a newborn duckling, which is perceived as a mother first and seen the moving object. In our case, we are certainly able to distinguish his own mother from poloronovogo ball on a moving belt, but nevertheless it is something with which we are confronted for the first time we subconsciously believe the most correct and best. For example, the cartoons we watched as a child, always and by default better than what children are watching now.
Van Gogh syndrome
I bet you're thinking about the ear of the artist? And think about right. This syndrome is reflected in the fact that the patient is very insists on operations or even - horror of horrors - operates itself.
He syndrome little superior. At this point everyone can nodded in agreement, because there is no one in the world more important than the puny guards, cleaners, vahtershi, aunties in a glass in the subway, and even in the theater cloakroom. Curious paradox "I was given the power, oh I'll show you all" works not only for this kind of services, but also on the petty officials.
French brothel syndrome
Amazing ability of female community who spend a lot of time together, after a short period of time to synchronize their menstrual cycles. Scientists say the blame pheromones that ladies unwittingly trapped in the air, and all the other train in sarcasm on suddenly and hard to befriend people of any gender "You there is not yet synchronized month?»
And another interesting fact. Cycles of all the ladies are arranged under the cycle of alpha females, even though officially there is no such a team.
This kind of megalomania, which manifests itself only in Jerusalem. Tourist arrivals in the ancient city for religious purposes, or pilgrim suddenly decides that he is just something divine and owns and prophetic powers. Even the world must necessarily be saved. An indispensable complement to a variety of symptoms is theatricality in speech and movements.
This syndrome is ranked among the psychoses and lead to involuntary admission.
Another trick of the unstable nervous system is also manifested in a special place. And most often in quiet and polite Japanese tourists. They come in a land of dreams, shrouded in an aura of romance and luxury in the outdoor cafes, and get pretty aggressive city in which an infinite number of migrants, one much you strive to please, people are aggressive and thriving street theft. About 20 Japanese people a year on this ground falls into acute delirium, feels a sense of persecution, derealization, depersonalization, anxiety, and other manifestations of mental disorder. The best way to treat the syndrome of Paris - immediately send the sufferer to their homeland.
Also known as "bystander effect." People who witnessed the emergency, often try to help the victims. The probability that any of the witnesses will begin to help the victims, the smaller, the more people will simply stand by and watch. One of the main ways to cope with this effect, and wait for all the same assistance from the crowd to choose a specific person, and refer to it targeted.
So called all-consuming obsession with love and long, painful passion that remains unanswered. Syndrome its name derives from the true story that took place with the daughter of Victor Hugo, Adele.
Adele met with an English officer Albert Pinson and immediately decided that he - a man of her life. We can not say for sure whether he was a heartless scoundrel, deceived innocent creature, or a victim of erotomania. However, Pinson not reciprocated - did not help either rare beauty of the girl, nor the glory of her father. Adele chased him around the world, lying to everyone that they are already married, and eventually completely lost her mind.
A kind of hypochondria. When all the hurt and nothing helps, but it only seems so. It is a disorder in which a person feigns, exaggerates or artificially causes symptoms of the disease itself, to undergo a medical examination, treatment, hospitalization, surgery and so on. The conventional explanation for Munchausen syndrome says that the simulation of the disease allows people with this syndrome get attention, care, sympathy and psychological support.
But that's nothing. Where serious "delegated Munchausen syndrome" when mothers think their children terribly sick. And even deliberately create conditions for them manifestations of those or other serious symptoms.
According to Hollywood movies, we know that the Stockholm syndrome is a situation in which a hostage begins to understand the invader, even sympathize with him and to provide various forms of assistance. Psychologists call this "protective subconscious traumatic bond».
But this is no paradox psychological or psychiatric disorder, but rather a normal psychological reaction. And despite what Hollywood tells us, it's pretty rare, happening in about 8% of cases of hostage-taking.
Diogenes was famous for having gone to live in a barrel and showed himself as an inveterate sociopath and a misanthrope. Syndrome in honor of his name (it is sometimes called senile squalor syndrome) is shown as plus or minus. Extremely dismissive attitude toward themselves, self-isolation from society, apathy, hoarding and the absence of any shame.
Dorian Gray syndrome
This syndrome, it can be said to suffer all actively molodyaschiesya, all his strength to throw on the preservation of foreign youth. Those who erected it in the preservation of the cult. Compensated by using unjustified youth attributes, choice of clothes in the youth style, leads to the abuse of plastic surgery and cosmetic products. Sometimes it ends disorder depression and even suicide attempts.
If you are someone suddenly starts to complain that he had rotted intestines, no heart, he does not sleep forever. Tell that he nihilistic-depressive hypochondriac delirium in conjunction with the enormity of ideas. the greatest, yet unprecedented in human history offender that he has infected all of syphilis or AIDS, poisoned their bad breath all over the world. With drama and pathos report that soon he will pay for everything, and all the pain of the world seem nonsense in comparison to the suffering that he happen to experience a punishment, then call an ambulance with a note "psychiatric team, please, we've got Cotard delusion."
Syndrome Kandinsky - Clerambault
Another syndrome of psychiatry, also called syndrome of mental automatism. From the "home run little green men" and "legs themselves somewhere to go, I do not supervise them».
So often referred to as "Coprolalia" - painful irresistible attraction to the shouting obscene words, although it is only one component of Tourette's syndrome. Often used in the movie.
Interestingly, the word Coprolalia Greek can be translated as "verbal diarrhea».
Alien hand syndrome
This is not what many of you thought pohabniki. If you watched the last part of "Harry Potter", you can remember the tail strangled by his own hand. In many other films and cartoons also found something similar, but it's not fiction writers. Alien hand syndrome does exist, is complex, not very treatable disorder.
Chinese restaurant syndrome
Be careful with Chinese food. This syndrome was identified in 1968, when a Chinese person described in the medical journal what happens to him after visiting Chinese restaurants in the United States: "The syndrome occurs within 15-20 minutes after eating the first course lasts about two hours pass without ANY KIND any consequences. The most pronounced symptoms are numbness, back of the neck, gradually extending to both arms and back, general weakness and palpitations. " At first thought that this is due to MSG, but studies have not confirmed the hypothesis. Is still a mystery.