Triumph Square is one of the iconic places in Moscow. If you look at its history, before it was considered one of the most popular places stolitsyi before the revolution was clearly better. Together, let us observe for her story.
The author writes: In the background to the left you can see the dome of the State Circus of the second (the first on the colored Boulevard) later radically rebuilt and turned into a theater of Satire. However, anyone who has ever visited the Theatre of Satire, certainly paid attention to the fact that the corridors of the theater are rounded, and all because they are still round the arena, though it is now in place and an auditorium with a stage. Before the revolution, the brothers belonged to a circus Nikitin, however, Muscovites habit called him old.
In the story "Heart of a Dog" Bulgakov writes: "Sharikov took from his pocket a crumpled cigarette and began to smoke. Dine his coffee, Philip Philipovich looked at his watch, pressed the tutor and they have lost eight and a quarter gentle. Philip Philipovich leaned on his custom gothic back and reached for the newspaper on the table. - Doctor, I beg you, to go with him to the circus. Only, for God's sake, look at the program - cats do not? - And a bastard circus allowed - Sharikov gloomily remarked, shaking his head. - Well, you never know who to admit - ambiguously replied Philip Philipovich - what have they? - Do Solomonsky [before the revolution, the circus on the colored owned Solomon] - became deduct Bormental - four any Yussems ... and people moving. - What yussems? - Suspiciously inquired Philip Philipovich. - God knows. For the first time the word occurs. - Well, then better look at Nikitin. It is necessary to make it all clear. - Nikitin Nikitin ... I ... Um ... Elephants and limits of human dexterity. - So-c. What do you say about the elephants, dear Sharikov? - I asked incredulously Philip Philipovich. He was offended. - Well, I do not understand something. Cat - is another matter. Elephants - the animals useful - said balls. - Well and good. Once useful, go and gaze at them. Ivan Arnol'dovich need to obey. And in any conversation there were not allowed in the buffet! Ivan Arnoldovich, humbly beg you not to offer Sharikov beer ».
Yet the circus building on Bolshaya Sadovaya was destined to be short-lived, at the end of the 1920s the building have shifted in Moskovsky Music Hall, so once again falling into the works of Bulgakov, but under the guise of the Variety Theatre, where Woland held its session of black magic.
View of the Moscow Music Hall in the early 1930s. Pay attention to the poster show play Demna the poor: "As the 14th Division went to heaven" From the conclusion of the State Commission on 04.19.1932 in structure of m-ing Voroshilov, Schmidt, Bubnov and Smirnov: On behalf of the Central Committee, we have watched in the theater today "Music Hall" play Demian poor "As the 14th Division went to heaven." The play is full of sharp anti-religious content, easily and looks with great interest, causes a lot of healthy laughter. Nothing untoward piece contains.
General view of the Triumphal Square in those years:
Triumph Square early twentieth century was the analogue current Manezhnaya and Pushkin Square. Here I walked and entertain the most diverse audience. And where was the fun! Suffice it to list at least part of what was in the square at the beginning of the century: a luxurious theater enterprising French entrepreneur Charles Aumont, embroiled subsequently dubious machinations and escape from Russia with a large sum of money, a popular circus Nikitin Brothers, known throughout Moscow Variety Theater, chic restaurant "Alcazar" garden "Aquarium", the oldest theater house Khanzhonkov (building with a dome in the photo above, in 1956 it actually absorbed the administrative building) - and that's only a small part, at the time the square had as many as 16 theaters .
The main attraction of the area was without doubt Theatre Charles Aumont, component of a strong competition to the Bolshoi Theatre.
In 1930 the building was rebuilt radically in the Stalinist style, was given to the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. You see in the photo the entrance to the "dyeing"? There is now the entrance to the m.Mayakovskaya, which every 31 th of the cost rows of riot police. Theatre Charles Aumont was one of the most expensive entertainment in Moscow early XX century. In any case, the scandals and the hype around the places of the French adventurer was rife. What cost only sensational performances, was very popular with the public, but from time to time because authorities wary of dubious morality! Although the beginning of the century plank, beyond which lay immorality, was quite high. For example, in the same theater Aumont after the first show to have banned public display "defiantly immoral" belly dancing. Needless to say, was the institution Aumont and its chic restaurant with exorbitant prices and private rooms, where bored wealthy citizens could with great pleasure to relax in the company of the speakers here at the theater artistochek.
In the 1930s. vegetation in the area markedly thinned
And in the same 1930s that something is in the planning went wrong, and then there was a war and it was not up to the town-planning, which in the 1950s led to the fact that one of the most beautiful squares of Moscow become bare
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, mayors center not engaged, it was only necessary to keep pace with the rapid expansion of Moscow and the construction of "Khrushchev". The priority was the completion of new areas, the construction of the subway, and about the central area of almost forgotten.
Only built a tunnel for traffic flow
And to restore the gardens and landscape the area, but limited only to the installation of the monument to our beloved Vladimir Vladimirovich.
Mayakovsky Monument. It's funny that in the authoritarian Soviet times, by today's standards such trifles as a monument paid great attention to detail and worked through the project, in contrast to the present time, when new sites often appear suddenly and their appearance we know from the news. Sculptor Alexander Kibalnikov six years working on the sculpture Mayakovsky, and when she was ready and approved, it is not immediately put on a pedestal, and for a long time with an accuracy of up to one meter were looking for the most suitable place for the monument in the square, which was made wooden models in life-size.
Scoop shovel and heavy approach.
Since then, the area only demolished a small building behind Mayakovsky front of the hotel "Beijing" and the square itself as the end of 1950 and was essentially abandoned. And sometimes I want to rewind again