Nowadays, thanks to the Internet, a lot of people can get a huge amount of knowledge, including the wildlife around us. And it turns out that, for example, a simple potato and sweet potato - it's completely different species, and a Great Dane and English Shepherd - is one and the same form. I offer you ten interesting facts about kinship surrounding flora and fauna.
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Cabbage, which is scientifically called Brassica oleracea, known to us as the juicy-leaved plants, which can be presented in different forms. Breeders brought several different cabbage species, each of which has its original flavor and appearance. Steamed broccoli, roasted cauliflower, pickled cabbage, brussels sprouts - it's all the same kind of cabbage. Broccoli was bred to "enhance" the central part (the stem), while a simple cabbage emphasis on the sheet portion. Brussels sprouts actually a miniature replica of cabbage and cauliflower - a paler version of broccoli.
Turnip (Brassica raps)
In traditional European cuisine dishes turnips are quite common, and in Asia for the preparation of these dishes used vegetable called boo chou. It turns out that these two seemingly unrelated ingredients are just different parts of the same plant - turnip. In the West, more cultivated underground part of the plant, it also goes into the food, and the East emphasis on aerial parts, leaves (remember the tale of the tops and roots?) If you list the main varieties of Brassica raps (scientific name turnip), we get the following list:
and so on ...
Despite the different names and different appearance, they are one and the same plant - turnip.
Peppers (Capsicum annuum)
The most famous and favorite kind of this plant is sweet or bell pepper. It can be red, green, yellow, orange, and white color even foletovogo. In fact, all this abundance of colorful represents a different stage of maturity of one kind of pepper - vegetable. Immature green pepper, during ripening it becomes yellow and finally red. The white color is achieved by selecting the most pale copies, and purple launched specifically, but still all these peppers are one species - Capsicum annuum. In addition, some varieties of hot pepper that you can buy in the store are also varieties of this vegetable pepper. In German and Hebrew to refer to all of these aspectual vpertsa one word - paprika. In English and Russian paprika seasoning is used to indicate which is obtained by drying and grinding of pepper vegetable, so it's no coincidence nazyanie.
Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)
In Europe, cultured small cylindrical shape zucchini called zucchini (Zucchini), which have a white fluffy pulp after cooking and have a bitter taste and a mild buttery consistence. But if you take, for example, pumpkin, then color it may be from orange to green, the flesh is denser, larger seeds and solid, and the taste is totally different from zucchini. It would seem that they have in common? It turns out that it is one and the same form - Cucurbita pepo. By zucchini and pumpkin can add the scallops and zucchini. With significant external and taste the difference is a plant of the same species.
Tea plant (Camellia sinensis)