At the present time, thanks to the Internet, a lot of people can get a huge amount of knowledge, including the wildlife around us. And it turns out that, for example, the simple potatoes and sweet potatoes - it's completely different species, and a Great Dane and English Shepherd - is one and the same form. I offer you ten interesting facts about kinship surrounding flora and fauna.
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Cabbage, which is scientifically known as Brassica oleracea, known to us as the luscious leafy plant that can be presented in different forms. Breeders brought several different kinds of cabbage, each of which has its original taste and appearance. Guy broccoli, roasted cauliflower, pickled cabbage, brussels sprouts - it's all the same kind of cabbage. Broccoli was bred to "strengthen" the central part (the stem), while a simple cabbage emphasis on the part of the sheet. Brussels sprouts actually a miniature copy of the cabbage, and cauliflower - a paler version of broccoli.
Turnip (Brassica raps)
In traditional European cuisine dishes turnips are quite common, and in Asia for the preparation of these dishes used vegetable called boo chou. It turns out that these two seemingly unrelated ingredients are just different parts of plants - turnip. In the West, more than cultivated underground part of the plant, it also goes into the food, and in the East emphasis on aerial parts, leaves (remember the tale of the tops and roots?) If you list the main varieties of Brassica raps (scientific name turnip), we get the following list:
and so on ...
Despite the different names and different appearance, they are one and the same plant - turnip.
Capsicum annuum (Capsicum annuum)
The most famous and favorite kind of this plant is sweet or bell pepper. It can be red, green, yellow, orange, white and even foletovogo color. In fact, all this abundance of colorful represents a different stage of maturity one kind of pepper - vegetable. Immature green pepper, during ripening it becomes yellow and finally red. The white color is achieved through the selection of the most pale copies, and purple launched specifically, but still all these peppers are one species - Capsicum annuum. In addition, some varieties of hot pepper, which you can buy in the store are also varieties of this vegetable pepper. In German and Hebrew to refer to all these Vido vpertsa one word - paprika. In English and Russian paprika seasoning is used to indicate which is obtained by drying and grinding the vegetable pepper, so it's no coincidence nazyanie.
Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)
In Europe, cultured small zucchini cylindrical shape called zucchini (Zucchini), which have a white fluffy pulp after cooking and have a bitter taste and a mild buttery consistence. But if you take, for example, a pumpkin, then its color can vary from orange to green, the flesh is denser, larger seeds and hard, but the taste is totally different from the zucchini. It would seem that they have in common? It turns out that this is one and the same form - Cucurbita pepo. By the zucchini and pumpkin can add squash and zucchini. With significant external and taste the difference is a plant of the same species.
Tea plant (Camellia sinensis)
As you know, there are so many varieties of tea which are distinguished by their taste and aroma. The composition may include blends of tea plants dried, fruit pieces, but the main component is still tea leaves. Black tea, green tea, white tea, oolong - are only a few large groups of teas, which are distinguished by their flavor and color. All these teas are made on the basis of one plant - the tea plant Camellia sinensis. Its leaves are dried and tested fermentation conditions and the duration of which depends on what kind of tea is obtained in the end. Green and white tea are the minimum fermentation, oolong comes after them, and thus the most fermented tea is black tea.
Champignon (Agaricus bisporus)
Mushrooms are a favorite dish of many of us. One of the safest ways to enjoy them - to buy in the store. And the most popular, if not the only variety of mushrooms that are sold in stores are mushrooms. These mushrooms are the most widespread, and sold around the world in huge numbers. There are many types of mushrooms - bald, large portobello (brown), a tiny French, Swiss (brown) and a number of others that are not so common in our supermarkets. Such diversity is not achieved mushroom cultivation of different varieties, and taking pictures at different stages of growth (the same as in the case of paprika). First mushrooms are small and pale, as they grow they become more flat, wide and dark. The name of them depends largely on the place where the mushrooms are grown (or grown original).
The wolf (Canis lupus)
In nature, there are several views of the wolf (gray, Eurasian, Arabic, ginger, etc.), which, as you might guess, belong to the same species - Canis lupus. Even in this type belongs to (surprise!) An ordinary pet dog. Any breed, any size - from lapdogs to Saint Bernard - it's all the same Canis lupus. Dogs "separated" rather men were separated from wolves thousands of years ago and has degenerated into a different breed zasisimosti on the needs of their people tame. There is fighting, hunting, fine, and even meat breeds of dogs. No other animal species not represented in such a variety, like dogs.
Bear (Ursus arctos)
Bears - the largest land carnivores. Kodiak (the largest of the bears), Grizzly (also larger and more well-known predator), brown, black American, tibbetsky blue - it bears, it's Ursus arctos. In general, the scientific name of the bear itself is unusual, it is from the Latin word Arctos, associated with Ursa Major (the Big Dipper) and the Greek word for "bear". Bears may be short-haired, long-haired, brown, black, pale and tanned, while remaining one kind, and the differences between them can be so strong that biologists do not know exactly how many species there are these terrible animals.
Horse (Equus ferus)
Wild horses or mustangs, seemingly quite different from domestic horses, but it is the same kind that is derived from domesticated horses. The only truly wild horses - a Przewalski's horse or Mongolian horses that are different views. The rest of the horses differ only in their use of "at home", and can be Tyaglova, decorative, dwarfed and others, while remaining essentially Equus ferus.
Black Panther (Black Panther)
Black Panther stands out on this list because it is not one but several types of cats. Under the title "black panther" may be lurking leopard, jaguar or puma which lost a gene responsible for the production of melanin, which is why have a deep black coat color. A female jaguar spotted with normal coloration may be born two cubs, one of which bydet as "normal" spotty, and the second will be completely black. "Wrong" Young leopard and jaguar may also be a little spotty, but these spots are almost invisible against the black wool - so are born black panthers. There is information about the birth of a black panther in the female tiger and cub born completely white (albino), and eventually changed his color to black. It happened in one of the Indian zooparkov.Istochnik: