Ten interesting facts about kinship surrounding flora and fauna (10 photos)

At the present time, thanks to the Internet, a lot of people can get a huge amount of knowledge, including the wildlife around us. And it turns out that, for example, the simple potatoes and sweet potatoes - it's completely different species, and a Great Dane and English Shepherd - is one and the same form. I offer you ten interesting facts about kinship surrounding flora and fauna.

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)

Cabbage, which is scientifically known as Brassica oleracea, known to us as the luscious leafy plant that can be presented in different forms. Breeders brought several different kinds of cabbage, each of which has its original taste and appearance. Guy broccoli, roasted cauliflower, pickled cabbage, brussels sprouts - it's all the same kind of cabbage. Broccoli was bred to "strengthen" the central part (the stem), while a simple cabbage emphasis on the part of the sheet. Brussels sprouts actually a miniature copy of the cabbage, and cauliflower - a paler version of broccoli.

Turnip (Brassica raps)

In traditional European cuisine dishes turnips are quite common, and in Asia for the preparation of these dishes used vegetable called boo chou. It turns out that these two seemingly unrelated ingredients are just different parts of plants - turnip. In the West, more than cultivated underground part of the plant, it also goes into the food, and in the East emphasis on aerial parts, leaves (remember the tale of the tops and roots?) If you list the main varieties of Brassica raps (scientific name turnip), we get the following list:


Japanese mustard

bak choi

chou sum

Napa cabbage



Pekinesis cabbage

and so on ...

Despite the different names and different appearance, they are one and the same plant - turnip.

Capsicum annuum (Capsicum annuum)

The most famous and favorite kind of this plant is sweet or bell pepper. It can be red, green, yellow, orange, white and even foletovogo color. In fact, all this abundance of colorful represents a different stage of maturity one kind of pepper - vegetable. Immature green pepper, during ripening it becomes yellow and finally red. The white color is achieved through the selection of the most pale copies, and purple launched specifically, but still all these peppers are one species - Capsicum annuum. In addition, some varieties of hot pepper, which you can buy in the store are also varieties of this vegetable pepper. In German and Hebrew to refer to all these Vido vpertsa one word - paprika. In English and Russian paprika seasoning is used to indicate which is obtained by drying and grinding the vegetable pepper, so it's no coincidence nazyanie.

Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)

In Europe, cultured small zucchini cylindrical shape called zucchini (Zucchini), which have a white fluffy pulp after cooking and have a bitter taste and a mild buttery consistence. But if you take, for example, a pumpkin, then its color can vary from orange to green, the flesh is denser, larger seeds and hard, but the taste is totally different from the zucchini. It would seem that they have in common? It turns out that this is one and the same form - Cucurbita pepo. By the zucchini and pumpkin can add squash and zucchini. With significant external and taste the difference is a plant of the same species.

Tea plant (Camellia sinensis)


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