Healing tears of Mashuk
Russian poets have repeatedly praised the Caucasus, admiring its beauty and grandeur. One of them was Lermontov, who was killed in a duel at the foot of mount Mashuk. But much more it is famous for its healing waters. It is connected with the origin of its name. According to legend, long ago there lived in these places blue-eyed beauty named Masuko who loved him-horseman. Her beloved was killed in battle, and Woe Masuko was so strong that she has been petrified and turned into a mountain. And the tears that were shed by the unfortunate girl, scored out of the ground in the form of keys. And they had miraculous power... Information about the medicinal sources of Mashuk really have roots in very ancient times. The Arab traveler Ibn Battuta in the early fourteenth century, reported on the five mountains and the keys of hot water, in which swam the Turks. (One of the heights in the neighbourhood of the Mashuk was called Beshtau, a variety of treatment programs.) The rumors about the local Nart-sane, "Bogatyr-water" has spread far beyond the region. One of the first to appreciate the advantages masucci sources of the soldiers of Constantine fortress, built at the foot of the mountain in 1780, bathing in hot springs was replaced slugify bath. From this "sanitation" disappeared rheumatic and skin diseases. The Hot Waters, as was named the resulting town (later it was renamed in Pyatigorsk), has drawn pilgrims from all over Russia. In 1803 Alexander I issued a Supreme decree "on the recognition of Caucasian waters therapeutic area of state significance". To this day people come here, hoping to improve their health and heal from illnesses, and can as a king in a fairy tale Yershov "humpbacked Horse", to gain a second youth after bathing in living water.Prometheus Elbrus
Elbrus is also famous for the fact that there are none other than the famous Greek Titan Prometheus! How is this possible? The name comes from the Persian "Alborz", which is mentioned in the Holy Avesta. Some researchers also believe that this is the mountain stone of Russian sacred tradition, "the hero is a mountain". Only the ancients called her in his own way – Altar, and "t" as you know, is Greek for "bull". Bull for Slavic pagans symbolized the God Veles. The tribes of the Rus-Slavs believed that the White stone-mountain is the altar to the throne of the Almighty. And on the slopes of the terrestrial Paradise and hell (in Slavonic- Iry and Inferno). By the way, Elbrus corresponds to the description of the mountain, at the foot of which, according to legend, Prince Kyi, the son of the Aria (the progenitor of the Aryans) and grandson Somnabula Yara laid the ancient city of Kiev (Kiar) before the "mother of Russian cities". In Slavic mythology, Kiar is the Holy city, the spiritual capital of the world, a kind of Himalayan Shambala. On the same hill, according to legends, was crucified Onebag (God, who gave people fire). Rus called him Veles, Semargla and Finist, the Iranians – Oneparam with Simurg, Indian Agni, Promote ("the fire that warms"), and the ancient Greek Prometheus. But the most common legend about the God, which is in the form of a huge bird (the Slavs are of Finist the bright Falcon, familiar to us by Russian folk tales, the Persians, the divine bird simurgh).As for Prometheus, Aeschylus said that the Titan was chained to a rock in the mountains of Scythia. And Cicero ascribes to the hero words that his blood is dripping "on the rocks of the Caucasus." Does Elbrus attitude to Greek mythology, is difficult to judge. However, in 1839 the Russian historian V. V. Passek wrote in "Essays": "Almost all of our mountain people believe in spirits of the mountain. The Abkhazians say that on top of the mountain Elbrus is terrible abyss, in which are heard the groans and the sound of the chains, there is a chained giant..." A specialist in the history of the Caucasus N. Dubrovin published a study done by folk records. It says: "On a high snow mountain, on its very top, there is a huge spherical stone, on which sits an old man with long to the feet of beard, all his body was overgrown with white hair, the nails on the hands and feet are very long and similar to eagle claws. Red eyes burning like hot coals. On the neck, in the middle of the body on the hands and feet of heavy chain, which he chained from time immemorial..."There is another legend about the hero Itself, the progenitor of the Caucasian peoples, defeated the monster Sahhat. Remember another Greek myth of Theseus and the monster Minotaur. Again "T"! In our days, the mountain is notable for the fact that it is constantly circling around the "plates". Head of the laboratory of Kabardino-Balkar state University V. I. Altukhov even put forward the theory that the mountain is one of the "UFO bases". Attempts were made to find places of landings, but so far they were unsuccessful.