Rule of thumb — how not to get drunk beyond measure
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Scientists have confirmed the effectiveness of methods that make it easy to limit alcohol consumption, reducing it to more or less safe normal.
The amount of alcohol that a person needs to achieve the desired effect, depends on many characteristics of the organism. One of the important factors is the body mass index.
A group of American scientists from the University of Iowa under the direction of Laura Smarandescu (Laura Smarandescu) found that people with larger mass index tend to pour a glass of more alcohol and this dependence is pronounced in males and absent in females. However, those who use any kind of "rules of thumb" (or just pour yourself half a glass, or top and bent vertically to the glass with two fingers and poured only up to the level which remains between the end of the fingers and the bottom of the glass) – pour myself less alcohol, regardless of gender or body weight.
About 70% of the subjects used the rule of half Cup, and they on average give 20% less alcohol than everyone else. It's a pretty big difference. We propose to use a rule of thumb when filling the glass, because it... prevents excessive consumption of alcohol.
Laura Smarandescu, University of Iowa
In the experiment, the researchers asked 74 College students of both sexes to pour in a specially provided glasses (to accurately determine in each case the consumption of alcohol) white and red wine, not limiting them to how much they can afford to pour into the same glass.
Men who did not use limiting rules, poured 31% more (in the case of high mass index up to obesity) and 26% more (in the case of the index in the normal range). Despite the fact that the index in General does not affect how much women poured, the part of the female half of the subjects, who had a "normal" mass index, and used a rule of thumb, poured his drink on average 27% less than those who did not limit himself.
According to scientists, they are not surprised that men showed a greater tendency to alcohol than women – this is confirmed by many previous studies, for example, the fact that alcohol consumption is more socially acceptable for men than for women, who suffer in this region from greater condemnation. Therefore women are usually more prone to consciously limit myself in drinking.