Thirty three million six hundred sixty five thousand nine hundred thirty one
As 2014 ended long before, to reflect on the most futuristic breakthroughs and developments of the past year. This incredible technical, scientific and social achievements — from communication at the level of thoughts to the self-guided sniper bullets. Here are 15 predictions that came true in 2014.
THANKS TO TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY DEMONSTRATED TELEPATHY
For the first time in history, two humans exchanged thoughts.
It is noteworthy that the system is completely non-invasive. Using a network-connected electroencephalogram (EEG) and robot videobrasil technologies transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) an international team of researchers carried out a process of mental transfer of the words "Hola" and "ciao" (India and France). This is an important evidence to assist in the development of technology-enabled telepathy.
Similar success was achieved and the other team, having developed a system that allowed one person to control the movements of the other. University of Washington researchers demonstrated the technology for example computer games, when the "sender" sent mental instructions to a "receiver" to control the movements of the hand.
NASA E-MAIL SENT TO THE SPACE STATION WRENCH
Like the heroes of the film "Star trek" astronauts aboard the ISS used their 3D printer to manufacture socket wrench. It is noteworthy that the key has been designed on Earth and emailed to astronaut Barry Wilmore who ran it through the printer. This is a Prime example of how 3D printing can change space travel, allowing astronauts to produce the necessary equipment in emergency situations.
SURGEONS BEGAN USING SUSPENDED ANIMATION
This case is still in the trial stage, but, nevertheless, it is a remarkable achievement. Surgeons Presbyterian hospital at the University of Pittsburgh use hibernation or as they call it emergency preservation and resuscitation, when the injured patients rapidly cooled, to keep them alive during critical operations.
This technique is only used on patients who otherwise had to die, involves internal rather than external cooling. The patient's blood is replaced with a cold saline solution, which slows down metabolic functions of the body and oxygen demand.
NAVY, THE UNITED STATES USES A FUNCTIONAL LASER WEAPON
The device, dubbed the High Energy Laser (HEL) that was installed on the naval ship USS Ponce, which is currently conducting exercises in the Persian Gulf.
The weapon is in the prototype stage, and at the moment is to evaluate its capabilities in a live environment, where it already has shown its effectiveness in destroying two boats and a drone.
SCIENTISTS "UPLOADED" A WORM'S MIND INTO A ROBOT
Researchers from the Open Worm project trying to create a digital version of round worm. They have not yet fully reached its goal, but that didn't stop team member Timothy Basbasa in creating software that simulates the natural processes of the neural networks of a worm, and then use this knowledge in the robot LEGO Mindstorms Ev3.
My research is based on studying the brain worm, and then apply this knowledge to the robot to touch melon and motor responses, said Besbes. We found that random crazy movements of the robot are in fact a response to his environment — just like in the case of a biological worm.
THE COMPUTER HAS SOLVED A MATH PROBLEM THAT WE CAN'T CHECK
Mathematician Stephen Strogatz once predicted that using computer solution of mathematical problems ultimately can go beyond human understanding. It seems that his prediction has finally come true.
At the beginning of this year, the computer decided the old problem of erdös. Unfortunately, mathematicians are not completely confident in her decision because it is the same as long as all Wikipedia pages together.
THE CREATION OF ARTIFICIAL CHROMOSOMES
Researchers from Langone medical center at new York University, reconstructed a synthetic and fully functional yeast chromosome. Incredibly, they also managed to insert their own special additions, including a chemical switch that allows scientists to produce thousands of different variations for subsequent gene editing. This is an important proof of concept that can contribute to the formation of organisms and artificial chromosomes in humans.
AI BECAME A MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF A VENTURE COMPANY
Some say that it was a joke by the media, but it could be the beginning of a broader trend: the venture capital company from Hong Kong has appointed a machine learning program called VITAL a member of its Board of Directors. As they say, this "full member" will identify the trends that are "not immediately obvious to people", and give investment recommendations. The system will have a massive set of data, apply machine learning, and then predict which life Sciences companies to invest.
A MAN WITH TWO AMPUTATED LIMBS GOT MIND-CONTROLLED ARMS
Les Bo became the first person to try two prosthetic arms at the shoulder level that you can control thinking. You shouldn't wear them all the time, but researchers from the Johns Hopkins University I hope that in the end will become a permanent addition.
Here is another case of a major cybernetic breakthrough: researchers have created an artificial hand that can feel, and the first mind-controlled prosthetic arm with 10 degrees of freedom. In addition, these wearable limbs have made us a step closer to the creation of Doctor Octopus.
INVISIBILITY CLOAK THAT HIDES OBJECTS IN THE VISIBLE SPECTRUM
We had seen the so-called invisibility cloaks, but this is something completely new.
Researchers from the University of Rochester have developed a cheap and surprisingly effective device, which, according to its creators, for the first time performs 3D continuously multidirectional cloaking in the visible spectrum of light. To do this, they combined four standard optical lenses that hide the object even if the viewer moves to the side. The system eventually can be used to eliminate dead spots in vehicles or let surgeons see through their hands during surgery.
ORANGUTAN LEGALLY RECOGNIZED AS A PERSON
In an important precedent that could affect the law, 29-year-old sumatrana orangutan who was held in an Argentine zoo has been granted the right of habeas corpus. As noted by attorney Paul Bompadre, this precedent not only provides similar opportunities for other primates, but also for other sentient beings which are unfairly and arbitrarily deprived of their liberty in zoos, circuses, water parks and scientific laboratories. Sandra will leave the zoo and live in the animal shelter.
SELF-GUIDED SNIPER BULLETS BECAME A REALITY
DARPA's project Exacto introduced a sniper bullet, 50 caliber, which are sent to the target with a laser. Incredibly, the bullet can hit the target at a distance up to 1.2 miles (1.9 km).
The technology was developed by Teledyne Scientific and Imaging, which were not disclosed virtually no information about how the bullet performs maneuvers in the middle of the path.
BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND NORTH KOREA BROKE OUT CYBER WAR
It all started because of a very stupid movie, but the consequences were quite serious. A cyber attack on Sony directly associated with North Korea (the charges are still disputed), resulting in the screening of the film "the Interview" has been temporarily postponed. Shortly thereafter, the entire Internet in North Korea was disabled — presumably by the United States. Thus the world saw how actually might look cyber warfare.
HUMANITY HAS PUT A ROBOT ON THE COMET
We sent robotic probes to the planets, but never did anything like this before.
A painful landing Philae on comet 67P in early November wasn't perfect, but the mission is portrayed as a wild success. In addition to some of the incredible images we can study organic compounds on the comet and weird water that's potentially able to disprove our theories about the oceans.
IN NORTH AMERICA, THERE IS A GENDER NEUTRAL PRONOUN
School Board Vancouver presented the impersonal pronouns "Xe", "Xem" and "Xyr" for the purpose of applying them to students for which gender pronouns do not fit or are considered inappropriate. Similar steps have been taken in Sweden and Germany.published