Kamchatka was discovered more than three centuries ago by Russian Cossacks, but for most people in Russia, and it remains a mysterious and inaccessible land.
At first, the journey from European Russia to the Peninsula was occupied by about a year. Very few people ventured on this long journey. Now, thanks to regular air service, the situation has become much better. Only 9 hours separate of Muscovite from the dormant volcanoes, geysers and pristine Kamchatka nature.
Interestingly, in the vast territory of the Kamchatka Peninsula only three cities, three towns and a hundred villages. The total population of the Kamchatka region is slightly more than 320 thousand people.
The Kamchatka Peninsula is famous for its volcanoes. The highest of them is Klyuchevskaya Sopka. The height of the current giant reaches 4750 meters. Its summit is the highest point of Kamchatka and the Urals.
Volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka is a perfect truncated cone with a base diameter of 15 kilometers. Above the main crater always winds light haze, and its summit is crowned by an ice "blanket" that never melts.
Climb the volcano is best in late summer or early fall, but it should be done only with an experienced guide or as part of a special group. Despite the fact that the route of ascent to the volcano is assigned to category 2A (route simple challenges that will require a minimum of climbing equipment), Klyuchevskaya Sopka is fraught with a number of additional dangers: ash emissions, rockfalls, and the probability of an immediate eruption.
The cost of climbing the most famous volcano of Kamchatka starts from 63 thousand rubles. And the hike will take you about two and a half weeks.
Klyuchevskaya Sopka is located 360 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but it is in a straight line. In fact the path is around 550 kilometers: first you need to get to the village of Keys or Kozyrevsk, and from there to the volcano at hand — a day and a half on foot.
Just 38 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky are the so-called Blue lake, which got its name from the bluish, green and even purple hue of the water. The bottom of water bodies form the blocks of ice that reflect the sun's rays, so during the day, crystal clear water changes color.
Cascade lakes is located in a mountain valley at an altitude of about 800 meters above sea level. Each lake is connected to the other streams. From the latter lake flows the river Half, which, falling from the cliffs, forming small waterfalls.
The stow Aquarium is a true monument of primeval nature, which is under state protection. It is located 70 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky along the small and quiet river Left Avacha. Tourists come here to fish, enjoy the beauty of wildlife and to admire several volcanoes. Including the Koryak, AAG and Arik.
The name of the Tract was due to a tectonic fracture in the riverbed, which has a characteristic shape, framed by bizarre rock formations, moss and flowers. The river really looks like a aquarium, in which swim a variety of fish: salmon, coho, trout and many others.
Khalaktyrskoye the beach, located near Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the envy of any seaside resort. Its length is 30 km and the shore is covered with black sand, due to high concentration of metal impurities.
The beach has long become a favorite place for local residents. Really to plunge into the ocean isn't easy, even in summer the water temperature here does not exceed 14-16 °C. it is Also worth considering that the flow in this area is quite strong and you need to be careful, but the run from the waves and sunbathe enough.
During a visit to Kamchatka definitely worth to see Vilyuchinsky waterfall. It is 39 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and begins in the glaciers on the volcanic top. In warm time of the year the glaciers are melting, a small stream flowing from them, gradually expanded, and by the cliff becomes a river which falls down from a height of 40 meters.
The small town of Yelizovo, located just 25 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is famous because is very close by Nalychevo nature Park included in the UNESCO list.
The uniqueness of the Park lies in two features. First, here rare species of animals. Tourists can meet a brown bear, reindeer, lynx and even Wolverine. Secondly, in the Park there are numerous healing thermal springs. Especially for guests of the nature Park developed routes: one can choose the simple one, the other, more prepared, will be interesting multi-day hike. Journey through the Park will see existing and already extinct volcanoes and springs, you will also be able to observe animals in their natural habitat.
When planning your visit to the Park Nalychevo, it is worth remembering that it is a protected natural area, and the entrance for tourists is limited, so sign up for the tour in advance.
The largest biosphere reserve of Kamchatka — Kronotsky. Here is an amazing Valley of Geysers — the only one in the entire Eurasian continent geyser field. The valley is part of the Seven wonders of Russia. On an area of over 3 square kilometers there are more than 200 thermal sources, 80 of which are geysers.
Despite a striking beauty, the Valley is a danger for unwary travelers. An inexperienced traveler can get burnt by steam coming out of the ground. Therefore, to enjoy the fascinating natural "special effects" better from a distance, and to move only along specially laid paths.
Despite the fact that Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is not a very big city, and living in it are about 180 thousand people, tourists should get acquainted with its history. To do this, you can look in the Kamchatka regional United Museum, which houses an ethnographic collection on the small indigenous peoples of the North and the Far East.
The town has a cozy Bay Seroglazka, offering stunning views of Viluchinsky volcano. There is a beautiful legend about the origin of the name Bay. In 1854, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is under attack from the combined Anglo-French fleet. At that time there was the Crimean war, the echoes of which had reached Kamchatka. In defense of the city took part in it, a young nurse with the gray eyes, which is an incredible awe and concern care for the wounded. They called it Seroglazka. Over time, it became known as the Bay and even part of the city.
Interest for tourists in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the Military-Historical Museum of the Kamchatka Flotilla. It is the only major military Museum in the North-Eastern part of the country. It was opened in 1959. Currently there are more than 17 thousand unique exhibits relevant to the fleet and the troops that are stationed on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The complex of the Museum presents an exhibition of samples of military equipment.
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The Kamchatka Peninsula is a unique region of the country: wildlife, active volcanoes and the Pacific coast. To reach it is not so easy, but this adventure will long remain in your memory.
The fastest way to be in Kamchatka flights. The aircraft of different airlines operate regular flights from Moscow to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.
P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©