France refused plastic bags, Russia

Since July 1, France will refuse to use disposable plastic bags, which are usually issued at the cash desks of shops, supermarkets and other retail outlets.

Instead of disposable packages, buyers will offer reusable plastic bags with thickness more than 50 microns, paper bags or packets with specific content materials of plant origin (for example, potato and corn starch). More thin plastic bags less than 50 microns, use forbid.

By 2017, disappear plastic bags and food departments of supermarkets. To wrap fruit, vegetables, cheese can only be in packets with specific content materials of vegetable origin (potato and corn starch), which can then be composted.

Disposable bags decompose 400 years

Usually people use disposable bags, the period of decomposition which is 100-400 years. According to the Ministry of environment annually in France is about 17 billion disposable bags that harm the environment. On plastic bags account for 75% of the world's waste.

Now more than 150 million tons of plastic polluting world's oceans, told the British environmental NGOs Ellen Macarthur Foundation.

Stomach contents of a dead Albatross, midway, September 2009.

According to environmentalists, by 2025, the ratio of the volume of plastic in the ocean to fish is 1:3. By 2050, the amount of plastic in the ocean exceeds the volume of fish. Because of plastic garbage annually kill a million birds and 100 thousand marine creatures.

The world refuses to plastic

From the plastic already abandoned in such cities as Los Angeles, San Jose, San Francisco. In Australia, the ban on the free distribution of plastic bags in malls since 2008. Introduced in 2002 in Ireland a 15% tax on the purchase of each disposable plastic bags reduced their use by 75-90%.

The next step of the ecologists in France will be a ban by 2020 of disposable plastic tableware. However, the initiative of ecologists is not yet supported by the Minister of ecology of France Segolene Royal. She considers such a requirement "anti-social", since families with low incomes in your household many times to use plastic disposable utensils.

Plastic bags in Russia

According to environmentalists of "Greenpeace of Russia", the Russian authorities have eliminated from the decision problem to reduce the use of plastic bags. Not to turn the country into a dump, environmentalists urge the public and businesses to combat litter. "Greenpeace of Russia" compares Russia's largest retailers, in terms of their participation in waste issues and combines them into a rating of "Green supermarket".

The rating also considers the use of the trading networks of the 20 recommendations of environmentalists, among whom the rejection of free packages; encouraging customers who are asked to pack goods into the package or container; the preference of goods without any extra wrappers and several others. The ranking of "green shopping", "Greenpeace of Russia" tries to draw the trading network, and buyers responsible for the growth of urban landfills. Environmentalists urge them to do everything possible to reduce the amount of waste based on ranges.

Marking of goods in Russia

Russian manufacturers use European product labeling and local standards. The recycled plastic sign is placed on all types of polymer packaging. Plastic packaging is divided into 7 types of plastics. The number designating the type of plastic, is located inside the triangle. Under the triangle alphabetic abbreviation indicating the type of plastic.

For example, polietilentereftalat. It is used for manufacturing of packaging (bottles, cans, boxes, etc.) for bottling of soft drinks, juices and water. Also, this material can be found in packages for different kind of powders, bulk foods and other. Very well be recycled and reused.

In the other case, a mixture of different plastics or polymers not listed above. Packing, marked in this figure cannot be recycled and ends its lifecycle in landfill or in incinerators of the plant. published



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