10 most unusual brain structures


10 place:

Callosum. The cerebral cortex consists of two hemispheres connected by a bundle of nerve fibers. This bundle is called the corpus callosum (corpus callosum). It consists of 200-250 million nerve fibers and is the largest structure connecting the hemispheres. From there the corpus callosum beak and knee.

Eighty seven million one hundred twenty six thousand one hundred four

9th place:

The fence is the kernel of the brain in the form of narrow strips of gray matter. The fence is tied to the olfactory bulb. Neurons of the fence respond well to somatic, auditory and visual stimulation.

8th place:

Grey tuber (tuber cinereum) is a Department of the hypothalamus is responsible for autonomic functions (such as metabolism and thermoregulation). Because there is a hill, there are the hypothalamus and natsuhara, and the forum.

7th place:

The cerebellum (cerebellum) have representatives of all vertebrate classes. Even cephalopod mollusks (in particular octopuses) have a similar brain formation. The cerebellum is responsible for coordination, regulation of balance and muscle tone. The worm of the cerebellum is its middle part.

6 place:

Through the legs of the cerebellum are carried out connection of the cerebellum with other departments
central nervous system.

5th place:

Cavity of the midbrain called the plumbing.

4 place:

Pale ball (globus pallidus s. pallidum) is the structure of the final brain of higher vertebrates. Irritation pale globe using implanted electrodes causes contraction of the muscles of the limbs and the activation or inhibition of some spinal motoneurons.

3rd place:

The head of the caudate nucleus is adjacent to the bottom of the anterior perforated substance. In this place it connects to the lenticular nucleus.

2nd place:

The frenulum of the upper brain sails (frenulum veli medullaris superioris), according to the dictionary is a fibrous cord that connects the top brain sail with the roof of the midbrain. Honestly, I did not understand from this phrase a word.



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The hippocampus (Hippocampos — seahorse) is a part of olfactory brain. He is involved in the mechanisms of formation of emotions and transition of short-term memory to long-term. It ends with thickenings, separated by shallow grooves into separate tubercles, which are called the toes of a sea horse (digitationes hippocampi).   Aboutpublished 



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Source: osteo.zp.ua/%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D1%8F-5/


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