What are the new laws come into force on January 1, 2015






Federal Constitutional Law of July 21, 2014 №13-FKZ "On Amendments to Article 6 of the Federal Constitutional Law" On the courts of general jurisdiction in the Russian Federation "is making small but significant changes, establishing that the provision" in need of improvement of living conditions of the world Judges residential premises "refers to the prerogative of the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
About the same - financial security and housing - says the Federal Law of July 21, 2014 №276-FZ, but in respect of magistrates.
Written for the common man only the Federal Law of July 21, 2014 №273-FZ "On Amendments to Article 3 of the Federal Law" On the compensation for the violation of the right to trial within a reasonable time, or right in the performance of a judicial act within a reasonable time "and some legislative acts the Russian Federation ", but he turned to the citizen, to put it mildly, not from the front - now an application for compensation may be filed, if" there is evidence of non-acceptance by the prosecutor, the head of the investigative body, the investigator, the body of inquiry, the head of unit of inquiry, inquirer measures stipulated by the criminal procedural legislation of the Russian Federation and necessary for the timely initiation of criminal proceedings, the implementation of the preliminary investigation of the criminal case and the establishment of the person to be a suspect accused of a crime. " And where is the ordinary person such data will?
Politics
Directly related to the political system, at least two "New Year" law.
Federal Law of 14 October 2014 №300-FZ "On Amendments to Article 33 of the Federal Law" On Political Parties "," envisages changes in subparagraph "a" of paragraph 6. No item or sub-item not shown, but in vain. By the way, Article 33 is called "The federal budget funds allocated to political parties", and is included in Chapter VII «Public funding of political parties." And now actually about the changes: subparagraph "a" of paragraph 6, it turns out, literally provided per capita funding of parties, "according to the results of elections of deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - annually at the rate of fifty rubles, multiplied by the number of votes received by the federal list of candidates, nominated by a political party. " The current amendment is a remarkable increase of electoral capita payment for up to 150 rubles!

Federal Law of June 4, 2014 №146-FZ "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On ensuring the constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation to elect and be elected to local self-government "and the Federal Law" On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the right to participate in the referendum Citizens of the Russian Federation "returns us to the" against all ". If "against all" gets more votes than the candidate who wins the first place, the election declared invalid. At the same time, the subjects of the Russian Federation received the right to its own law to give up the "against all" in the elections at the municipal level.
Budget
Three laws coming into force in 2015, made changes to the Budget Code. Federal Law dated November 24, 2014 №374-FZ "On Amendments to Article 50 and 56 of the Budget Code of the Russian Federation" states that the budget of the RF subjects get 100 percent "of excise on ethyl alcohol from food raw material" (was - 50 per cent) .
Federal Law dated November 24, 2014 №375-FZ "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in connection with the improvement of inter-budgetary relations" establishes who is who and how many transfers from the budget to the budget, and the Federal Law of July 21, 2014 №249 FZ "On Amendments to Articles 50 and 56 of the Budget Code of the Russian Federation", devoted to the state duty - to whom it is due and in what amounts. All of these are crisis redistribution cents vnadezhde that where some of them will turn the ruble.
On warm
Alone among all laws should the Federal Law of December 1, 2014 №404-FZ "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On Heat Supply "." This act be phased deregulation of tariffs for the supply of heat and energy.
With abolish state regulation of tariffs for heat made in August Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP) and the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI). "Izvestia" wrote: "If the restrictions on tariff setting will be canceled, in the opinion of the RSPP, heat supply organization will buy energy from thermal energy sources on a competitive basis. As a result, the market will remain only the most efficient market participants who will be able to upgrade the infrastructure. " Natural selection, it can, and right, but what is at this time will have to ordinary consumers? "News" cites the opinion of Alexander Kozlov, SENIOR Profit Partnership "HCS-Control", created by combining business "Support of Russia" at the suggestion of Vladimir Putin: "The idea itself is correct, but to abolish price regulation early. While utility providers not ready for this: most likely, they'll shuffle all their risks to consumers perestrahuyutsya, and prices rise significantly. At this stage it would be better to encourage companies to look for additional reserves and improve the income is not due to an increase in tariffs, and by increasing savings. If you now start sending tariffs, no one would think of modernization. " But the law was signed in November. According to the law, consumers will remain with monopolists alone not so soon - with January 1, 2018. However, it can be assumed that the spur of the moment absent from the state control of business immediately or almost immediately.
About piracy
Federal Law dated November 24, 2014 №364-FZ "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information "and the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation" in the press referred to anti-piracy, as it protects the rights of copyright holders. This law comes to music and books.
After May 1, 2015 - the date of enactment of the law - the owner of an information resource on the web where notice of the need to restrict access to illegal information will be posted within one business day of this information to remove or restrict access to it. If he does not do it himself, for him it will make the provider. Sites abuse "piracy" can cover up forever.
Other experts estimate the law in different ways: some believe that it will be of use only, others - that the benefit would not be so much more harm, including the Internet industry as a whole. Experts say that the scope of the anti-piracy law can get groups in social networks. Another twist - the judges are unlikely to understand where and who "is" a film or a book, and so will punish the one who caught - so you can lock the torrent trackers and file sharing, which are generally at anything. This point of view was expressed by the leader of the Pirate Party of Russia Pavel Rassudov.Rassudov generally pretty tough comments on the law and believes that it provides an opportunity zabrokirovat any site in Russia and was not invented to protect someone's copyright, but to deal with dissent.
However, not only the pessimistic forecasts: for example, e-books sellers believe that with the enactment of anti-piracy law sales of e-books in Russia will grow in 2016 doubled to reach $ 30 million.
FZ-364 is amended to anti-piracy law, which began work on 1 August of 2013. During the year of the 12 sites were blocked, which also hit major torrent trackers. December 28, 2013 was blocked by Russia's largest torrent rutrekere - unlock it only in July 2014.
At the end of such news usually want to write: wait and see. But if you work in full force this is the law, then we probably will not see anything, and did not hear ... Let's live to touch ...

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